About This Chapter
Who's It For?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering early American history material will benefit from the lessons in this chapter. There is no faster or easier way to learn about the discovery and colonization of America, or about the American Revolution. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding the history of Native American civilizations, the original thirteen colonies, slave trade, and more
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning history(visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about early American history
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra history learning resources
How It Works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the America's Discovery, Colonization & Revolution chapter exam.
Why It Works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the America's Discovery, Colonization & Revolution chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any early American history question. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students Will Review:
This chapter summarizes the material students need to know about the discovery and colonization of America and the American Revolution for a standard American citizenship course. Topics covered include:
- Civilizations of the Americas before Columbus
- Life in the original thirteen American colonies
- Black history during colonial America and the rise of the slave trade
- The motivations behind the Boston Tea Party
- George Washington's role in the American Revolution
1. Pre-Columbian Civilization: North American Indians Before Europeans
Watch this video for an overview of the cultural groups of Native Americans as they lived at the time of first contact with Europeans. Some of these groupings, like the tribes of the plains, changed so much due to the addition of European influences, such as horses, that there is only conjecture as to how exactly they lived before European contact.
2. The Apache, Navajo & Mandan Civilizations
In this lesson, we explore three Native American tribes in, what is today, the America's Southwest and Midwest. Though all three were different cultures, they were all ultimately decimated by the same thing: contact with European settlers.
3. The 13 Colonies: Life in Early America
What was it like to live in America during the colonial period? Just like today, it depended where you were. Learn about the factors that categorized all of the American colonies, as well as the differences between the northern, middle and southern colonies.
4. Rise of Slave Trade: Black History in Colonial America
In this lesson, you'll learn a little about the slave trade, the growth and characteristics of slavery in the colonial period - including laws regulating the institution and the population of free blacks in the English colonies.
5. The American Enlightenment: Intellectual and Social Revolution
For a thousand years, Europe had been living in the Dark Ages until a series of philosophical, religious and scientific movements helped turn on the lights. The Enlightenment began in Europe, but quickly spread throughout America in the 1700s and helped set the stage for a revolution against British rule.
6. Boston Massacre: Colonists and the Declaratory and Townshend Acts
After overturning the hated Stamp Act, Parliament asserted its right to tax the colonists without representation by passing the Declaratory Act. When the Townshend Acts imposed import duties, the colonists went into action again. An escalating cycle of violence ended with the Boston Massacre, resulting in the cancellation of all duties except the one on tea.
7. The Boston Tea Party, Intolerable Acts & First Continental Congress
Three years of calm followed the Boston Massacre and the repeal of most Townshend duties. But no sooner had Parliament passed a new tax on tea than the colonies were in an uproar again about taxation without representation. What followed were the Boston Tea Party and the fateful last steps leading to war.
8. Lexington, Concord and Bunker Hill: The American Revolution Begins
Following the Boston Tea Party, Massachusetts was placed under the command of the British army. Rumors of a rebellion led to an attempted raid on the militia's arsenal. The events that followed at Lexington and Concord touched off the American Revolution.
9. The Second Continental Congress and Thomas Paine's Common Sense
1763 marked the beginning of the long road to revolution for the American colonies. By 1775, military actions had finally erupted. How were the colonists and their leaders going to respond?
10. George Washington's Leadership at Trenton, Saratoga & Valley Forge
After a series of setbacks in 1776, George Washington's leadership of the Continental Army helped America turn the tide of the war in three pivotal locations, prompting France to recognize the United States as a nation and an ally.
11. John Paul Jones and the Naval Battles of the Revolutionary War
Naval battles in the American Revolution are something of a lost chapter in history. Find out about the world's first military submarine, the privateers of the Continental Navy, and the helpful actions of three foreign allies at sea.
12. The Battle of Yorktown and the Treaty of Paris
After the unsuccessful Southern Strategy, General Cornwallis pulled his army up to Yorktown, Virginia. A combined effort by the armies and navies of America and France resulted in British surrender and the 1783 Treaty of Paris that recognized the United States of America.
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Other chapters within the US Citizenship Study Guide course
- The Naturalization Process
- Naturalization Requirements
- Naturalization Tests & Interview
- American Government Principles
- American Government Systems
- American Government Rights & Duties
- American History in the 1800s
- Forging the United States
- American History from 1900 to Present
- Geography of the United States
- American Symbols & Holidays
- Reading in English
- English Grammar & Writing
- US Citizenship Test Information & Prep