About This Chapter
Amines & Other Nitrogen-Containing Molecules - Chapter Summary
This engaging chapter provides an in-depth analysis of amines and other nitrogen-containing molecules that can ensure you grasp the basics of nitration, acylation, anilines and amino groups. Exploring our lessons will also help you gain greater insight into the acid and base behavior of amine and the structure of pyridine. Each lesson in this chapter features a multiple-choice quiz you can take anytime to assess your knowledge of these concepts. We also offer a chapter exam that provides a broader review of the lessons. Any questions you develop while studying the lessons can be submitted to our experts via the Dashboard. After completing this chapter, you will be able to:
- Discuss the basics of naming amines using IUPAC nomenclature
- Exhibit knowledge of amine synthesis through reduction and reductive animation
- Share examples of Hoffman and Curtius rearrangements
- Describe the physical characteristics of nitrous acid and aliphatic amines
- Define and discuss the structure and formation of amides
- Demonstrate an understanding of amides reactions
- Explain how to prepare diazonium salts
- Detail the uses of pyridine in medicine
1. Amino Group: Definition, Structure & Formula
The amino group is one of several nitrogen-containing functional groups found in organic molecules. We'll start with a review of the structure of ammonia and then look at the structure and formulas of different kinds of amines.
2. Acid & Base Behavior of Amines: Definition & Structure
This lesson will review the definitions for acids and bases and discuss the acid and base properties of amines. We'll explain how the structure of amines contributes to their function as a base in many solutions.
3. Aniline: Structure, Formula & Uses
Did you know that a chemical compound called aniline is necessary for the indigo color of our jeans? It is used in several other areas as well. In this lesson, we will learn all about the structure, formula, and uses of aniline.
4. Naming Amines Using IUPAC Nomenclature
This lesson will help you understand how to use IUPAC nomenclature to name amines. We'll first look at the functions of amines, review alkane nomenclature, and then discuss how to name primary, secondary, and tertiary amines.
5. Nitration: Reaction & Products
In this lesson we will learn about an important reaction in organic chemistry known as nitration. In addition to exploring the reaction mechanism, we will get some practical application of these building blocks and explore what they can be used for.
6. Acylation: Process & Agents
In this lesson we will be learning about the concept in organic chemistry called acylation. We will get a brief introduction as to what acylation is and then spend most of our time discussing acylation reactions and the reagents used for the transformations.
7. Nitrous Acid & Aliphatic Amines: Reactions & Physical Characteristics
The goal of this lesson will be to learn about how aliphatic amines react with nitrous acid. Our primary points of discussion will include the reactions that the amines undergo and the physical characteristics that follow.
8. Amide: Definition, Structure & Formation
Amides are a type of functional group that can't be missed given the presence of a nitrogen atom in these compounds. Learn more about amides, their structure, and formation. Test your knowledge by taking a quiz at the end of this lesson.
9. Amides Reactions
In this lesson we will get a brief overview of amides and survey some of the more important reactions involving this very important organic functional group.
10. Diazonium Salts: Preparation & Chemical Reactions
In this lesson, we will turn our attention to the synthesis and subsequent reactions of what are called diazonium salts--an important intermediate and building block in the field of organic chemistry.
11. Pyridine: Structure, Formula & Physical Properties
In this lesson we will learn about the aromatic compound pyridine. We will explore how its structure makes it different from other aromatic compounds, such as benzene.
12. Pyridine in Medicine: Uses & Synthesis
Would you want to take a medication that smelled like putrid fish? Probably not. But a chemical compound with this precise smell is used to help manufacture medication. Learn about its medical uses and synthesis in this lesson.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.