About This Chapter
Analysis & Conclusions in Scientific Investigations - Chapter Summary
Gain greater insight into data analysis and the process of drawing conclusions based on scientific investigations. Whether you're learning how to draw logical conclusions from experimental data, evaluate scientific claims and arguments or determine whether given evidence supports a conclusion, this chapter can help! Review short lessons at your leisure. When finished, you will be able to:
- Exhibit knowledge of data, evidence and reasoning in scientific investigations
- Discuss the basics of analyzing scientific data
- Explain the importance of validity and reliability in assessing the quality of a research study
- Define and share examples of scientific explanations
- Share best practices for presenting the scientific process orally or in writing
- Give pros and cons of print and electronic sources for scientific research
- Detail the importance of accuracy, reliability and validity when using scientific sources
Get started with this chapter by selecting your first lesson and reviewing its contents. Feel free to take its accompanying quiz to test your knowledge before scrolling along the right-hand sidebar to select other lessons. If you hit a snag while exploring the lessons, gain clarity by submitting your questions to our experts. Before the day of your test, find out how well you understand this chapter by taking our multiple-choice quizzes and practice exam.
1. Scientific Investigations: Data, Evidence & Reasoning
What is a scientific investigation? And how are data, evidence, and reasoning central to the scientific process? Learn about the difference between data and evidence and why logical reasoning is just as necessary as data itself.
2. Scientific Data Analysis
Science involves collecting data. But what do you do once is collected? Learn about how to analyze data, including the difference between accuracy and precision.
3. Validity and Reliability: How to Assess the Quality of a Research Study
Many psychologists and teachers complete research studies. How can you tell if a study was done well? This lesson will cover many criteria for a good quality study, including types of reliability and validity.
4. Drawing Logical Conclusions from Experimental Data
Experimental results are what scientists like to share with each other, but it's important to understand what those data mean. We do this in the final step of the experimental process, when we draw meaningful conclusions from the results we obtained.
5. Scientific Explanation: Definition & Examples
What makes an explanation scientific? Learn what a scientific explanation is, how it's evaluated, and some examples of scientific explanations. See how well you can explain the things you've learned with a quiz.
6. Understanding Whether Given Evidence Supports a Conclusion
Part of being a good scientist is evaluating other scientists' work. One aspect of this is knowing whether the evidence provided supports the scientists' conclusions. While this is not always easy, it is necessary in order to produce good science.
7. How to Evaluate Scientific Claims & Arguments
When you hear about the new scientific discovery, how can you be sure that it's true? Learn how to evaluate scientific claims and arguments, and then test your new skills with a quiz.
8. Presenting the Scientific Process Orally or in Writing
Part of being a good scientist involves sharing your work with others. Two of the most common ways this is done is through written works and oral presentations, both of which require a certain amount of care and skill.
9. Print & Electronic Sources for Scientific Research
Sources provide you with helpful background information that support your own work. You can find sources both online and in printed materials. There are benefits and drawbacks to each, so you'll need to consider which is best for you and your project.
10. Scientific Sources: Accuracy, Reliability & Validity
It's important to use other sources to support your work, but what's even more important is to use the right ones. Sources should be valid, reliable, and accurate, but it's not always easy to tell which ones meet these criteria.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the CSET Science Subtest I - General Science (215): Practice & Study Guide course
- Performing Scientific Investigations
- Math Concepts & Scientific Data Analysis
- Engineering Practices, Design & Applications
- Crosscutting Concepts in Science & Engineering
- Understanding Atoms, Elements & the Periodic Table
- Overview of Nuclear Energy
- Overview of Matter
- Chemical Reactions & Biochemistry
- Overview of Newton's Laws of Motion
- Pressure, Fluid Flow & Buoyancy
- Understanding Types of Force
- Graphs of Motion
- Understanding Waves
- Types of Energy & Energy Transfers
- Electricity & Magnetism Fundamentals
- Understanding Cell Structure & Functions
- Overview of Plant Biology
- Energy Transfer in Organisms
- Understanding Basics of Ecology
- Overview of Genetics & DNA
- Understanding Principles of Heredity
- Understanding Basics of Evolution
- Formation of the Universe
- Overview of Astronomy
- Earth's Materials, Systems & Surface Processes
- Overview of Plate Tectonics
- Basics of Weather & Climate
- Energy Transfer & Climate Change
- Natural Resources & Hazards
- CSET General Science Subtest 1 Flashcards