Ch 3: Analysis & Conclusions in Scientific Investigations

About This Chapter

This chapter makes the process of studying analysis and conclusions in scientific investigations fun and simple. Enjoy access to entertaining lessons, quizzes and additional tools designed to quickly and effectively boost your knowledge as you prepare for a test.

Analysis & Conclusions in Scientific Investigations - Chapter Summary

Gain greater insight into data analysis and the process of drawing conclusions based on scientific investigations. Whether you're learning how to draw logical conclusions from experimental data, evaluate scientific claims and arguments or determine whether given evidence supports a conclusion, this chapter can help! Review short lessons at your leisure. When finished, you will be able to:

  • Exhibit knowledge of data, evidence and reasoning in scientific investigations
  • Discuss the basics of analyzing scientific data
  • Explain the importance of validity and reliability in assessing the quality of a research study
  • Define and share examples of scientific explanations
  • Share best practices for presenting the scientific process orally or in writing
  • Give pros and cons of print and electronic sources for scientific research
  • Detail the importance of accuracy, reliability and validity when using scientific sources

Get started with this chapter by selecting your first lesson and reviewing its contents. Feel free to take its accompanying quiz to test your knowledge before scrolling along the right-hand sidebar to select other lessons. If you hit a snag while exploring the lessons, gain clarity by submitting your questions to our experts. Before the day of your test, find out how well you understand this chapter by taking our multiple-choice quizzes and practice exam.

10 Lessons in Chapter 3: Analysis & Conclusions in Scientific Investigations
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Scientific Investigations: Data, Evidence & Reasoning

1. Scientific Investigations: Data, Evidence & Reasoning

What is a scientific investigation? And how are data, evidence, and reasoning central to the scientific process? Learn about the difference between data and evidence and why logical reasoning is just as necessary as data itself.

Scientific Data Analysis

2. Scientific Data Analysis

Science involves collecting data. But what do you do once is collected? Learn about how to analyze data, including the difference between accuracy and precision.

Validity and Reliability: How to Assess the Quality of a Research Study

3. Validity and Reliability: How to Assess the Quality of a Research Study

To be useful, a research study must be valid and reliable. Discover how to assess the quality of a research study using the concepts of validity and reliability.

Drawing Logical Conclusions from Experimental Data

4. Drawing Logical Conclusions from Experimental Data

The final step of any experiment is to draw logical conclusions from the experimental data collected. Discover how interpreting data is often a subjective, but necessary process to furthering scientific data and informing future experiments.

Scientific Explanation: Definition & Examples

5. Scientific Explanation: Definition & Examples

Scientists go through processes of collecting and evaluating evidence in order to draw scientific conclusions. Learn more about scientific explanation, its definitions, purposes, and processes with examples.

Understanding Whether Given Evidence Supports a Conclusion

6. Understanding Whether Given Evidence Supports a Conclusion

Understanding whether given evidence supports the conclusion is a crucial work of scientists and researchers. Learn how to do this by using critical thinking, identifying the conclusions, and supporting the conclusions.

How to Evaluate Scientific Claims & Arguments

7. How to Evaluate Scientific Claims & Arguments

Scientific claims and arguments should be supported by appropriately analyzed, and highly reliable data, but too often are not. Identify the key elements in a scientific claim, and how to evaluate their legitimacy as well.

Presenting the Scientific Process Orally or in Writing

8. Presenting the Scientific Process Orally or in Writing

Communicating the scientific process can be designed differently when presenting it orally or in writing. Learn methods for communicating science through written reports and oral presentations, and identify the key components of each process.

Print & Electronic Sources for Scientific Research

9. Print & Electronic Sources for Scientific Research

Scientific research uses both printed and electronic sources to collaborate and solidify ideas. Learn about primary and secondary sources in research, and how to use printed and online electronic sources for scientific research.

Scientific Sources: Accuracy, Reliability & Validity

10. Scientific Sources: Accuracy, Reliability & Validity

Using sources is a vital part of scientific research, but it's important that these scientific sources are credible. Learn strategies used to ensure a source for a scientific article or paper is valid, reliable, and accurate.

Chapter Practice Exam
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