About This Chapter
Standard: Analyze how differences in the points of view of the characters and the audience or reader (e.g., created through the use of dramatic irony) create such effects as suspense or humor.
About This Chapter
Students who have gained mastery of this standard are able to determine the point of view used in reading selections, in addition to using various viewpoints in their own writing. When analyzing, they are also able to project how the tone or the mood of selections might be different, if told from various points of view.
Lessons in this standard cover concepts such as:
- Understanding first-, second- and third-person points of view
- Strategies for determining omniscient, objective or limited viewpoints
- Ideas for differentiating between verbal, situational and dramatic irony
Students demonstrate mastery of this standard when responding to literature selections. They also use various points of view in their own writing pieces. Mastery of this standard supports both college and career readiness because being able to understand point of view gives students stronger reading comprehension and communication skills.
How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom
Here are some ideas for using these lessons to support instruction in the CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.6 standard:
Point of View Strategy Lessons
After watching the video lessons, review point of view. Show pictures to the class of individuals in varieties of situations. Ask the students to brainstorm thought bubbles for the various pictured characters, illustrating how their viewpoints of each situation may be different. Discuss how an onlooker's point of view may be different, yet.
Reading Strategy Lessons
Divide the class into small groups, giving each group a short reading selection. After reading their selections, challenge the groups to determine point of view and justify their answers.
Writing Strategy Lessons
Allow students to choose their own writing topics and assign them various points of view from which to write their pieces.
1. Point of View: First, Second & Third Person
Just who is telling this story? In this lesson, we'll look at point of view, or the perspective from which a work is told. We'll review first person, second person and third person points of view.
2. Narrators in Literature: Types and Definitions
Learn how point of view, or the angle from which a story is told, impacts the narrative voice of a work of literature. Explore, through examples, how point of view can be limited, objective, or omniscient.
3. Types of Irony: Examples & Definitions
Discover, once and for all, what irony is and is not. Explore three types of irony: verbal, situational and dramatic, and learn about some famous and everyday examples.
4. Point of View of Characters vs. the Reader
Point of view is a key idea in literature. In this lesson, you'll learn several points of view that writers use and how those affect the reader. When you're finished, you can test your knowledge with a short quiz.
5. How Point of View Creates Suspense and Humor
Point of view influences how readers understand literature. In this lesson you'll learn how writers use point of view to create feelings as different as suspense and humor, and you'll be able to test your understanding with a short quiz at the end.
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Other chapters within the Common Core ELA Grade 8 - Literature: Standards course
- Cite Textual Evidence: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1
- Analyze Themes: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.2
- Analyze Dialogue: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.3
- Analyze Word Choice: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.4
- Analyze Structure of a Text: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.5
- Analyze Elements in Different Artistic Mediums: CCSS.CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.7
- How Authors Use Source Materials: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.9
- Literature Lessons for Grade 8: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.10