About This Chapter
Standard: Compare and contrast the structure of two or more texts and analyze how the differing structure of each text contributes to its meaning and style.
About This Chapter
Students exhibiting mastery of this standard are able to discuss how the architecture of a writing piece affects its intended meaning. Furthermore, upon reading two pieces with differing structures, students will be proficient in discussing how the varied constructions contribute to their styles and meanings.
Lessons in this standard address concepts such as:
- Understanding the meaning of structure in writing
- Strategies for identifying text structures
- Ideas for comparing and contrasting writing structures
Students demonstrate mastery of this standard when discussing works of literature. They also use their knowledge of text structure to fashion their own effective writing pieces. Mastery of this standard supports college and career readiness because the ability to compare and contrast writing structures can augment reading comprehension, in both the classroom and workplace.
How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom
Here are some tips for how to use these lessons to support instruction in the CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.5 standard:
Reading Strategy Lessons
After viewing the video lessons, students will share short selections on matching topics, reading one non-fiction and one fiction. For example, they might read a short story about a middle school student suffering from an eating disorder and then read an informational selection on the topic of teenage eating disorders. As a group, students will compare and contrast the two pieces, affixing the gleaned information to a T-diagram.
Divide students into small groups after viewing the video lessons. Assign various topics to groups and ask them to brainstorm ideas of which types of text structures would work most effectively for their topics. Groups will present their choices and justifications.
Writing Strategy Lessons
Review the various types of possible text structures after watching the video lessons. Model how to write multiple paragraphs on a chosen topic using several of the various text structures. Ask students to create short writing pieces using common structures.
1. What is Structure in Writing and How Does it Affect Meaning?
In this lesson, we will define the role of structure in literature. From there, we will look at the different ways to structure fiction and how it affects the meaning.
2. Comparing & Contrasting the Structures of Texts: Analysis, Meaning & Style
In this lesson, we will compare and contrast three texts, analyzing their structures, styles, and meanings. We will see these elements fit together to serve authors' purposes and present information effectively.
3. Identifying the Structure of a Text
In this lesson, we're going to spend some time learning how to identify the structure of a text. We'll identify some of the primary structures found in both fiction and nonfiction texts.
4. How Structure Affects the Style of a Text
In this lesson, we're going to explore the ways in which a text's structure affects its style. Focusing on nonfiction texts, we'll identify several common styles and see how they fit together with several common structures.
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Other chapters within the Common Core ELA Grade 8 - Literature: Standards course
- Cite Textual Evidence: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1
- Analyze Themes: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.2
- Analyze Dialogue: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.3
- Analyze Word Choice: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.4
- Analyze Point of View: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.6
- Analyze Elements in Different Artistic Mediums: CCSS.CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.7
- How Authors Use Source Materials: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.9
- Literature Lessons for Grade 8: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.10