Login
Copyright

Ch 44: Anatomy and Physiology of Male and Female Reproductive Systems for the MCAT: Help and Review

About This Chapter

The reproductive systems chapter of this MCAT Help and Review course is the simplest way to master male and female reproductive anatomy. This chapter uses simple and fun videos that are about five minutes long, plus lesson quizzes and a chapter exam to ensure students learn the essentials of male and female reproductive systems.

Who's it for?

Anyone who needs help learning or mastering MCAT material will benefit from taking this course. You will be able to grasp the subject matter faster, retain critical knowledge longer and earn higher scores. You're in the right place if you:

  • Have fallen behind in understanding which hormones control reproduction or the functions of internal and external reproductive anatomy
  • Need an efficient way to learn about the male and female reproductive systems
  • Learn best with engaging auditory and visual tools
  • Struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
  • Experience difficulty understanding your teachers
  • Missed class time and need to catch up
  • Can't access extra MCAT review resources at school

How it works:

  • Start at the beginning, or identify the topics that you need help with.
  • Watch and learn from fun videos, reviewing as needed.
  • Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
  • Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
  • Submit questions to one of our instructors for personalized support if you need extra help.
  • Verify you're ready by completing the male and female reproductive systems chapter exam.

Why it works:

  • Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
  • Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
  • Be Ready on Test Day: Use the male and female reproductive systems chapter exam to be prepared.
  • Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any question about male and female reproductive systems. They're here to help!
  • Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.

Students will review:

In this chapter, you'll learn the answer to questions including:

  • How do hormones control the ovarian cycle?
  • What occurs doing ovulation and oocyte implantation?
  • What are the phases of the ovarian cycle?
  • What are the phases of the uterine cycle?
  • What are the parts of the uterus and uterine wall?
  • What is the anatomy of the female reproductive system?
  • What role do hormones play in male reproductive functions?
  • How do sperm travel to the urethra?
  • What are the functions of male accessory glands, such as the prostate?
  • What is the anatomy of the male reproductive system?

22 Lessons in Chapter 44: Anatomy and Physiology of Male and Female Reproductive Systems for the MCAT: Help and Review
Male Reproductive System: Functions, Organs & Anatomy

1. Male Reproductive System: Functions, Organs & Anatomy

Ever wonder what the inside of a male looks like? Find out in this lesson that explores the inner workings of the male reproductive system and the pathway that sperm takes.

Male Reproductive System: Accessory Gland Functions

2. Male Reproductive System: Accessory Gland Functions

Males require a number of different glands to aid in the production of semen. Find out more about those glands in this lesson covering the male accessory glands.

Testicular Anatomy: Structure, Terms & Diagrams

3. Testicular Anatomy: Structure, Terms & Diagrams

Ever wonder about where sperm is made? Find out in this lesson covering the function and anatomy of the male testes. We'll talk about sperm and testosterone production and how the two work together.

Male Reproductive System: External Anatomy

4. Male Reproductive System: External Anatomy

Learn about the structure and function of the external reproductive structures of the male. This includes study of the scrotal sac, the parts of the penis and the erectile tissues.

Sperm's Journey from the Testes to Urethral Orifice

5. Sperm's Journey from the Testes to Urethral Orifice

Follow newly created sperm as they make their way from their origin of creation, the male testes, all the way to the exit of the male reproductive tract.

The HPG Axis: Hormones of Male Reproduction

6. The HPG Axis: Hormones of Male Reproduction

Do you know how your body communicates? How does the brain get in touch with other parts of the body? In this lesson, you will learn about how the male's brain uses hormones to communicate to the testes as a way of regulating reproduction.

Female Reproductive System: Internal Anatomy

7. Female Reproductive System: Internal Anatomy

Ever wonder where a female produces her eggs or how they get from the ovary to the uterus? Find out in this lesson about the internal reproductive anatomy of females.

The Uterus and Uterine Wall: Structure and Parts

8. The Uterus and Uterine Wall: Structure and Parts

Learn all about the structure responsible for the development of babies in this lesson on uterine anatomy. Discover the three layers of the uterus and each layer's purpose.

External Anatomy of the Female Reproductive System

9. External Anatomy of the Female Reproductive System

We all know that men and women are different. But just how different are they? Learn a little more about the differences between men and women in this lesson on female external reproductive anatomy.

Phases of The Ovarian Cycle: Overview from Puberty to Menopause

10. Phases of The Ovarian Cycle: Overview from Puberty to Menopause

Just like the human body has to grow and mature before it is ready to reproduce the female's gamete, the egg also has to grow and mature. This lesson will introduce the process through which that occurs, the ovarian cycle.

HPG Axis: Hormonal Control of the Ovarian Cycle

11. HPG Axis: Hormonal Control of the Ovarian Cycle

Everything in the female reproductive system is connected. See how the brain interacts with the ovaries during the female's ovarian cycle in this lesson covering the female HPG axis.

Follicular Phase of the Ovarian Cycle

12. Follicular Phase of the Ovarian Cycle

The female gamete, the oocyte, grows and matures in a process known as the ovarian cycle. Learn about the first part of the ovarian cycle, the follicular phase, in this lesson.

Luteal Phase of the Ovarian Cycle

13. Luteal Phase of the Ovarian Cycle

Each month, the ovaries recruit and mature a subset of oocytes in preparation for ovulation. Learn what happens after ovulation occurs in the second phase of the ovarian cycle, known as the luteal phase.

The Female Reproductive Axis: Coordination of the Brain, Ovaries & Uterus

14. The Female Reproductive Axis: Coordination of the Brain, Ovaries & Uterus

Without proper communication between the brain, ovaries and uterus, reproduction might not be as efficient. Learn about how these organs work together to ensure the body is ready for reproduction.

The Uterine Cycle: Secretory Phase

15. The Uterine Cycle: Secretory Phase

The third (and final) phase of the uterine cycle is the secretory phase. During this phase, the uterine tissue regrowth is completed in preparation for the possibility of pregnancy and the implantation of a fertilized egg.

The Uterine Cycle: Proliferative Phase

16. The Uterine Cycle: Proliferative Phase

A woman's body goes through many changes as it prepares for the possibility of pregnancy. Learn about how the uterus prepares for pregnancy by building up its inner lining during this lesson on the proliferative phase of the uterine cycle.

The Uterine Cycle: Menses

17. The Uterine Cycle: Menses

Each month the female's uterus prepares for the potential of pregnancy. However, pregnancy doesn't occur the majority of the time. In those months, the female's uterus has to 'reset' itself for the next month. It does that during the first phase of the uterine cycle, menses.

The Uterine Cycle: Phases and Endometrial Changes

18. The Uterine Cycle: Phases and Endometrial Changes

Just like a woman's ovaries go through the monthly cycle of recruiting eggs, her uterus also goes through a monthly cycle as it prepares for the possible implantation of a fertilized egg. This lesson will introduce you to the phases and hormones of the female's uterine cycle.

Ovulation to Implantation: Oocyte's Path through Uterine Tubes

19. Ovulation to Implantation: Oocyte's Path through Uterine Tubes

Follow the female's egg as it leaves the ovary and travels down the uterine tube on its way to the uterus - all with hopes of meeting up with a male's sperm along the way.

Seminiferous Tubules: Functions & Definition

20. Seminiferous Tubules: Functions & Definition

A new organism is formed when a sperm unites with an egg. In this lesson, you'll learn about the seminiferous tubules and their role in the process of creating new life.

Spermatocytes: Definition & Function

21. Spermatocytes: Definition & Function

Spermatocytes are sperm cells at their infancy. They divide by meiosis to produce cells with half the number of chromosomes. This marks the start of sperm creation in the testes. In this lesson, you'll learn more about the function of these cells.

What is a Yeast Infection? - Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

22. What is a Yeast Infection? - Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Yeast infections are extremely common in women of all ages and can occur regardless of sexual activity. That's why it's important to know what causes yeast infections, as well as the symptoms and treatment options.

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 95 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,000 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Other Chapters

Other chapters within the MCAT Prep: Help and Review course

Support