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Ch 16: Anatomy & Physiology of the Female Reproductive System

About This Chapter

Watch short video lessons covering the female reproductive system. Study its anatomy, processes and structures, and learn about its importance through these quick videos taught by professional instructors.

Anatomy and Physiology of the Female Reproductive System - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

In this chapter, we delve into the intricate workings of the female reproductive system and take a close look at its external and internal anatomy. Subject experts lead these lessons, using engaging graphics and animations to bring to life the phases of the ovarian and uterine cycles, the process of oogenesis and the path that oocyte takes through the uterine tubes. Each lesson comes with a quiz so you can quickly gauge your comprehension of the processes involved in the female reproductive system. This chapter can help you:

  • Detail the parts of the uterus
  • Determine how hormones control the ovarian cycle
  • Trace the phases of the ovarian cycle from puberty to menopause
  • Evaluate the endometrial changes of the uterine cycle
  • Assess the role of the female reproductive axis

Video Objective
Female Reproductive System: Internal Anatomy Pinpoint the area where eggs are produced and follow their path from the ovary into the uterus.
The Uterus and Uterine Wall: Structure and Parts Identify the three layers that make up the uterus and understand their purpose.
External Anatomy of the Female Reproductive System Describe the exterior components of the female reproductive system.
Oogenesis: How the Female Reproductive System Produces Eggs Find out how oogenesis works and what reproductive systems are involved in this process.
HPG Axis: Hormonal Control of the Ovarian Cycle Study the interactions between the brain and ovaries during the ovarian cycle.
Phases of the Ovarian Cycle: Overview from Puberty to Menopause Observe the processes that cause an egg to grow and develop.
Follicular Phase of the Ovarian Cycle Detail the events that occur in the first part of the ovarian cycle.
Luteal Phase of the Ovarian Cycle Analyze the second phase of the ovarian cycle after ovulation takes place.
The Uterine Cycle: Phases and Endometrial Changes Delve into the changes that take place in the uterus during the monthly uterine cycle.
The Uterine Cycle: Menses Discover what takes place during the menses phase of the uterine cycle.
The Uterine Cycle: Proliferative Phase Investigate the buildup of the inner uterine lining during this phase.
The Uterine Cycle: Secretory Phase Uncover the events that take place in this final phase of the uterine cycle.
The Female Reproductive Axis: Coordination of the Brain, Ovaries & Uterus Determine how the brain, uterus and ovaries work together to prepare for reproduction.
Ovulation to Implantation: Oocyte's Path through Uterine Tubes Follow along as oocyte travels from the ovary to the uterus.

14 Lessons in Chapter 16: Anatomy & Physiology of the Female Reproductive System
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Female Reproductive System: Internal Anatomy

1. Female Reproductive System: Internal Anatomy

Ever wonder where a female produces her eggs or how they get from the ovary to the uterus? Find out in this lesson about the internal reproductive anatomy of females.

The Uterus and Uterine Wall: Structure and Parts

2. The Uterus and Uterine Wall: Structure and Parts

Learn all about the structure responsible for the development of babies in this lesson on uterine anatomy. Discover the three layers of the uterus and each layer's purpose.

External Anatomy of the Female Reproductive System

3. External Anatomy of the Female Reproductive System

We all know that men and women are different. But just how different are they? Learn a little more about the differences between men and women in this lesson on female external reproductive anatomy.

Oogenesis: How the Female Reproductive System Produces Eggs

4. Oogenesis: How the Female Reproductive System Produces Eggs

Did you know that a human female already has all of the oocytes that she will make in her entire life before she is even born? In this lesson, you'll learn how the human body produces an ovum through the process of oogenesis. You'll also learn how polar bodies help to ensure that female gametes are of high quality even though they are not produced in high quantities.

HPG Axis: Hormonal Control of the Ovarian Cycle

5. HPG Axis: Hormonal Control of the Ovarian Cycle

Everything in the female reproductive system is connected. See how the brain interacts with the ovaries during the female's ovarian cycle in this lesson covering the female HPG axis.

Phases of The Ovarian Cycle: Overview from Puberty to Menopause

6. Phases of The Ovarian Cycle: Overview from Puberty to Menopause

Just like the human body has to grow and mature before it is ready to reproduce the female's gamete, the egg also has to grow and mature. This lesson will introduce the process through which that occurs, the ovarian cycle.

Follicular Phase of the Ovarian Cycle

7. Follicular Phase of the Ovarian Cycle

The female gamete, the oocyte, grows and matures in a process known as the ovarian cycle. Learn about the first part of the ovarian cycle, the follicular phase, in this lesson.

Luteal Phase of the Ovarian Cycle

8. Luteal Phase of the Ovarian Cycle

Each month, the ovaries recruit and mature a subset of oocytes in preparation for ovulation. Learn what happens after ovulation occurs in the second phase of the ovarian cycle, known as the luteal phase.

The Uterine Cycle: Phases and Endometrial Changes

9. The Uterine Cycle: Phases and Endometrial Changes

Just like a woman's ovaries go through the monthly cycle of recruiting eggs, her uterus also goes through a monthly cycle as it prepares for the possible implantation of a fertilized egg. This lesson will introduce you to the phases and hormones of the female's uterine cycle.

The Uterine Cycle: Menses

10. The Uterine Cycle: Menses

Each month the female's uterus prepares for the potential of pregnancy. However, pregnancy doesn't occur the majority of the time. In those months, the female's uterus has to 'reset' itself for the next month. It does that during the first phase of the uterine cycle, menses.

The Uterine Cycle: Proliferative Phase

11. The Uterine Cycle: Proliferative Phase

A woman's body goes through many changes as it prepares for the possibility of pregnancy. Learn about how the uterus prepares for pregnancy by building up its inner lining during this lesson on the proliferative phase of the uterine cycle.

The Uterine Cycle: Secretory Phase

12. The Uterine Cycle: Secretory Phase

The third (and final) phase of the uterine cycle is the secretory phase. During this phase, the uterine tissue regrowth is completed in preparation for the possibility of pregnancy and the implantation of a fertilized egg.

The Female Reproductive Axis: Coordination of the Brain, Ovaries & Uterus

13. The Female Reproductive Axis: Coordination of the Brain, Ovaries & Uterus

Without proper communication between the brain, ovaries and uterus, reproduction might not be as efficient. Learn about how these organs work together to ensure the body is ready for reproduction.

Ovulation to Implantation: Oocyte's Path through Uterine Tubes

14. Ovulation to Implantation: Oocyte's Path through Uterine Tubes

Follow the female's egg as it leaves the ovary and travels down the uterine tube on its way to the uterus - all with hopes of meeting up with a male's sperm along the way.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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