About This Chapter
Who's it for?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering high school world history material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn high school world history. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding ancient Egypt or ancient civilizations in the Near East
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning history (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about ancient civilizations in the Near East
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra history learning resources
How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the Ancient Civilizations in the Near East chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Ancient Civilizations in the Near East chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any question about ancient civilizations in the Near East. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students will review:
In this chapter, you'll find answers to questions including:
- What factors helped Mesopotamia develop as a civilization?
- How did the invention of writing change the world?
- What was unique to Ancient Egyptian art and architecture?
- What were the different Iron Age empires?
- What are the origins and beliefs of Zoroastrianism philosophy and religion?
1. Mesopotamia: The First Civilization
In this lesson, we explore the beginning of one of the oldest civilizations in the world, Mesopotamia. We specifically discuss the factors that encouraged settlement in the region.
2. Mesopotamian Kings: History, Politics & Religion
Ancient Mesopotamia was a land of chaotic weather and inner turmoil. Religion became a political weapon for fighting among the city-states. This lesson explores the link between religion and politics in the ancient land.
3. Sumer's Protoliterate Period & the Origin of Writing
In this lesson, we explore the Sumerian development of writing and the important cultural factors that led to its usage, as well as some of the practices in which it was quickly utilized. After, feel free to test yourself on the brief quiz.
4. The Invention of Writing
Writing, the original IT: This lecture covers the limitations and obstacles of aural transmission. It describes the invention of Cuneiform in the fertile crescent. Finally, it explains how writing enabled literate societies to dominate their pre-literate neighbors.
5. Old Sumerian Period: Wars & Expansion
In this lesson, we explore the Old Sumerian Period, a period of Mesopotamian history where the growth of prosperous city-states led to intermittent periods of warfare.
6. The Fertile Crescent: Cradle of Civilization
Complex civilization wasn't always the norm. In this lesson, we are going to check out the origins of civilization as we know it, and see where, when, and how this new system of living first began.
7. Neo-Sumerian Period: Lifestyle, Peace & Prosperity
In this lesson, we explore the Neo-Sumerian Period, a relatively short period in Sumerian history but one of immense economic and cultural growth and prosperity.
8. Heirs of the Sumerians: Babylonians, Hittites, Hurrians and Assyrians
This lecture covers the history of Mesopotamia from the disintegration of the Sumerian Empire to the great Bronze Age collapse. We'll explore the destructive force of the Elamites and the Hittites as well as the imperial ambitions of the Babylonians, the Mittani and the Assyrians.
9. Assyrian Art and Architecture
This lesson explores the unique characteristics of a fierce and violent culture: the Assyrians. The Assyrians were a warrior culture living in ancient Mesopotamia who used art and architecture to display their power.
10. Hammurabi's Code: The Advent of Law, Prerequisites and Implications
This lecture discusses the need for law and the benefits of a judicial system. Next, it reviews the history of early law codes, like those of Ur-Nammu and Hammurabi. Finally, we look at the implications of law for kings.
11. The Epic of Gilgamesh
Witness the Epic of Gilgamesh, a story of adventure, love and friendship. This long poem will help us examine the hallmarks of civilization for a Sumerian and the importance of dreams. We'll also cover the Sumerian contributions to the epic form of literature.
12. Ancient Egypt in the Bronze Age
This lecture first compares the natural features of the Nile valley to those of Mesopotamia, enumerating the advantages that geography offered the Egyptians. This is followed by a brief discussion of why Egyptian material culture survives while so much of Mesopotamian culture has been lost. The lecture ends with a a whirlwind tour through 3,000 years of Egyptian history broken up into traditional historical periods.
13. Ancient Egyptian Art: History and Style
This lesson provides a brief look at the exquisite art of the Ancient Egyptians. Egyptian art contains images of people and deities that represent the culture in which they lived.
14. Ancient Egyptian Architecture: History, Characteristics & Influences
This lesson explores the architectural wonders of ancient Egypt. Some of these structures include temples, pyramids and monumental statues constructed long ago and surviving into modern times.
15. Iron Age Empires: Neo-Babylonian, Neo-Assyrian and Persian Empires
This lesson is a survey of the three empires that emerged after the Bronze Age collapse. Parts of the survey are viewed from the perspective of the Israelites, who found themselves the playthings of powerful empires. The lecture focuses on a few specific rulers and their impact on their empires. It also traces patterns of imperial tactics throughout this period and region.
16. What's the Difference Between Polytheism and Monotheism?
This lecture discusses the origins of monotheism. It then compares monotheism to polytheism, with especial emphasis on the problematic nature of holy law. Finally it uses the Greek story of Hippolytus to compare the ancient polytheistic perspective to a modern christian perspective.
17. The Hebrews and Their Beliefs
This lesson covers the Hebrews and their beliefs. We look at the core tenets of Judaism and explore some of the stories from the Torah. Finally, we see how the Hebrews' history of oppression impacted their religion and the world today.
18. Iron vs. Bronze: History of Metallurgy
This lecture explores the transition from the bronze age to the iron age. The difficulties of working with iron are enumerated. The properties of iron and steel are compared to those of bronze. Finally the implications for this transition on civilization are considered.
19. Ancient Persian Art and Architecture: History & Style
This lesson explores the artwork of one of the most powerful and expansive empires in history: the Persian Empire. Persian artwork contained vivid imagery that recorded the success of the Persian kings in battle and their cultural tendencies.
20. Zoroastrianism: Definition, Beliefs & History
Major religions, like Christianity and Islam, have been popular since ancient times, but what religion was popular before these belief systems developed? This lesson explores the beliefs of Zoroastrians, one of the earliest forms of organized religion.
21. Cult of Mithras: Myth & History
The Cult of Mithras was a mysterious religion popular in Rome in the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th centuries. This lesson explores the secretive beliefs, practices, and history of the cult and its initiates.
22. Egyptian Pharaohs: History, Facts & Timeline
Learn about Ancient Egyptian society and the pharaohs. Explore the world of famous pharaohs such as King Menes, King Akhenaten, King Tutankhamen, and Queen Hatshepsut.
23. Marduk, Babylonian God
In this lesson we explore the myths and importance of the ancient Babylonian god Marduk. Marduk's importance to the Babylonians was so great it may have also influenced modern culture and religion.
24. Sea Peoples in Egypt: Origin & Overview
In this lesson we will explore the Sea Peoples in Egypt. Though we know they were a nebulous alliance of cultures that attempted to invade Egypt in the early twelfth and late thirteenth centuries, little is known of their origins or identities.
25. Akkadian Civilization: Culture, Art & Religion
In this lesson, we explore the Akkadian empire of ancient Sumer. Possibly the first 'empire' to ever exist in the ancient world, Akkadian kings dominated Sumer for over a century.
26. Egyptian Social Structure: From Slaves to Pharaoh
In this lesson, we will explore ancient Egypt's social structure. We'll start at the top of this great pyramid with the Pharaoh and work our way to the bottom, where we'll find peasants and slaves.
27. Egyptian Women: Royalty, Privileges & Tradition
In this lesson, we will study ancient Egyptian women. We will focus especially on the rights and privileges they enjoyed in the legal, economic, and social realms, and we will meet Egypt's most famous female ruler.
28. Egyptian Achievements: Unification, Pyramids, Hieroglyphics & Calendar
In this lesson, we will discuss some of the major achievements of ancient Egypt, including its unification by King Menes, the pyramids, hieroglyphics, and the Egyptian calendar.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 95 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,000 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the High School World History: Help and Review course
- Foundational Concepts of World History: Help and Review
- Geography: Help and Review
- Major Belief Systems of the World: Help and Review
- Early Civilization of World History: Help and Review
- Early Indian Civilization: Help and Review
- Early Chinese Civilization: Help and Review
- Asian History (1000-1300 CE): Help and Review
- History of Ancient Greece in World History: Help and Review
- Hellenism and the Athenian Achievement in World History: Help and Review
- The Rise of the Roman Republic in World History: Help and Review
- History of the Fall of Rome: Help and Review
- The Rise of Christianity: Help and Review
- The Eastern Mediterranean: Help and Review
- Introduction to the Dark Ages: Help and Review
- African History: Help and Review
- The Early Middle Ages in World History: Help and Review
- The Medieval Warm Period in World History: Help and Review
- The High Middle Ages in World History: Help and Review
- Pre-European Civilizations in North America: Help and Review
- The Late Middle Ages in World History: Help and Review
- The Renaissance in World History: Help and Review
- The Age of Exploration in World History: Help and Review
- The Reformation Across Europe: Help and Review
- The Elizabethan Era in World History: Help and Review
- Colonialism: Help and Review
- The Enlightenment & World Revolutions: Help and Review
- World War I: Help and Review
- Between the World Wars: Help and Review
- World War II: Help and Review
- The Cold War: Help and Review
- Post War Europe, Asia, Middle East, and Africa: Help and Review
- Latin America Since 1900: Help and Review
- The 21st Century: Help and Review
- Dynastic Empires of Eurasia: Help and Review