About This Chapter
Ancient Epistemology - Chapter Summary
Epistemology can be traced back to ancient times. From the thoughts of Plato to the pondering of philosophers in the Far East, man has been exploring this study for centuries. Ensure you understand how epistemology began and evolved throughout the world by watching our entertaining video lessons and taking multiple-choice quizzes. Around-the-clock computer and mobile access lets you study whenever and wherever yours schedule permits. Our subject-matter experts can answer any questions you have about the materials covered in this chapter. After utilizing our resources, you will be able to:
- Discuss Plato's Divided Line analogy and views from Socrates
- Describe three approaches to epistemology from Asia
- Explain Islamic theology and Al-Farabi's reconciliation of philosophy and theology
- Define and list types of skepticism
1. Plato's Analogy of the Divided Line
In this lesson, you'll learn about an ancient and influential view of knowledge from the philosopher Socrates and his student Plato. Understand what state of mind they saw as most effective for gaining knowledge and which ones fall short.
2. Eastern Approaches to Epistemology
In this lesson, you'll learn about three of the many traditions that have emerged from Asia. You'll develop a better understanding of how knowledge and truth are understood and debated within these traditions.
3. Al-Farabi's Reconciliation of Philosophy & Islamic Theology
Are philosophy and religion always separate topics? In this lesson, we'll look at how Al-Farabi thought about these subjects in the 10th century and how he viewed God as part of his theories.
4. Skepticism: Definition & Types
In this lesson, consider whether you fit into any category of philosophical skepticism and what it means to hold this worldview. You'll learn some of the challenges and the benefits of this approach.
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Other chapters within the Philosophy 101: Intro to Philosophy course
- Introduction to Philosophy & Logic
- Types of Fallacies
- Free Will & Determinism
- Self, Mind & Soul in Philosophy
- God in Philosophy
- Religion & Philosophy
- Reality in Philosophy
- Philosophy in Science
- Intro to Epistemology
- Modern Epistemology
- Contemporary Epistemology
- Political Philosophy
- Philosophy & Social Justice
- Studying for Philosophy 101