About This Chapter
Ancient Greece: Athens Overview - Chapter Summary
Use the lessons in this chapter to review the history and politics of ancient Athens. You can learn about the government and economic power of the city-state and some of the key figures from its history. Also covered are the most famous buildings in ancient Athens.
This chapter also explains the culture of Athens and ancient Greece as well as gods, goddesses and major festivals. When you have completed these lessons you should be able to:
- Describe the geography of ancient Greece
- Explain Athenian democracy
- Identify the major social, political and military figures of ancient Greece
- Explore Athens position in the trade and economy of the region
- Discuss Greek religion, including gods, goddesses and festivals
- List some of the artistic and cultural achievements of the ancient Greeks
- Identify famous structures like the Agora or Acropolis
- Recount the day to day life of an Athenian citizen
Our process begins with engaging text and video lessons created by professional instructors. If you would like to review a point, each of the video lessons is accompanied by a lesson transcript and video tags. Once you have completed a lesson, answer the questions on the self-assessment quizzes to see what you have learned. At the end of the chapter as a whole you can test your understanding of the material with the chapter exam.
1. Geography of Ancient Greece
Few places show how geography impacts culture and development like ancient Greece. From its roots as a seafaring culture to the massive trading system built by its merchants, the landforms of Greece have long kept its people challenged by the mountainous terrain and focused on the sea.
2. Greek Polis: Definition & Facts
Discover the ancient Greek polis, a term used to describe small communities of ancient Greeks that were among the first recorded democracies in the world. Learn about the Athenian polis and explore the legacy of these ancient Greek communities.
3. Athenian Democracy: Solon and Cleisthenes
Although Athens is remembered for creating the first democracy, it took many years and multiple leaders to develop the system we think of today. Learn about who took control, what reforms they made and how the people revolted against the old system.
4. Ancient Athens: Social Structure & Political Organization
In this lesson, you will learn about the different levels of Athenian society and how these levels came to be. You will learn how changes in the economy led to changes in the military and the social structures of Athens.
5. Trade & Commerce in Greek City-States & the Mediterranean Region
In this lesson, you will explore the commerce of the Ancient Greek city-states as they became involved with an early network of international trade. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
6. The Agora: History, Architecture & Importance
In this lesson, we shall explore the importance of the agora of ancient Athens, along with the importance it held, as a nodal center for Athenian trade, philosophy, and civic life.
7. The Acropolis: History, Temples & Sanctuaries
Ancient Athens had a big influence on Western history, and a lot of their accomplishments were centered in one specific place. In this lesson, explore the Athenian Acropolis and see how it impacted Western civilization.
8. Greek Gods & Greek Mythology
In this lesson, you will explore the mythology of ancient Greek civilization, including the gods, heroes and monsters of legend. Then, test you understanding with a brief quiz.
9. Festivals in Ancient Athens: History & Traditions
You will be introduced to several of the most important festivals to the everyday ancient Athenian in this lesson. Some of the traditions and mythic origins of these festivals will also be discussed.
10. Ancient Greek Art & Architecture
In this lesson, you will explore the fundamental aspects of Greek art and architecture, two disciplines that set standards of style and technique that influence us to this day. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
11. Daily Life in Ancient Athens
In this lesson, you will explore the culture of ancient Athens and experience the daily life of an Athenian citizen. Afterward, you can test your understanding with a brief quiz.
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Other chapters within the HSC Ancient History: Exam Prep & Syllabus course
- Cities of Vesuvius: Pompeii & Herculaneum
- Old Kingdom of Ancient Egypt
- New Kingdom of Ancient Egypt
- Ancient Egyptian Economy & Society
- Ancient Egyptian Culture & Customs
- Important Ancient Egyptian Personalities
- Ancient Assyria Overview
- Israel & Judah from Solomon to the Fall of Jerusalem
- Ancient Israel Overview
- Important Near East Personalities
- Persia from Cyrus II to Darius III
- Ancient Persia Overview
- Ancient Minoans
- Mycenaean Civilization
- Ancient Greece from 500-399 BC
- Ancient Greece: Sparta Overview
- 4th Century Greece Till the Death of Philip II of Macedon
- Important Ancient Greek Personalities
- Ancient Rome from 264 to 31 BC
- Ancient Rome from 44 BC to AD 235
- Important Ancient Roman Personalities
- HSC Ancient History Flashcards