About This Chapter
Ancient Greece from 500-399 BC - Chapter Summary
These lessons explain key figures and events in ancient Greece from 500-399 BC. You'll examine who the ancient Greek Tyrants were, how they gained and lost power and the contributions they made. Additional topics include the Greco-Persian War and some of the great Greek victories at the Battle of Marathon, Battle of Salamis and Battle of the Eurymedon River. You can learn about some of the major events of the time in this region, including the Archidamian War, the Sicilian Expedition and the Decelean War. After you review these lessons, you will be able to:
- Explain the relationship between Greek geography and politics
- Describe what the Delian League of Ancient Greece was
- Identify the three incidents that led up to the Peloponnesian War
- Detail Pericles' role in the Peloponnesian War
If you're looking for flexible, convenient study materials, our lessons, quizzes and printable transcripts can be accessed from any computer or mobile device at any time. Our self-assessment quizzes make excellent test prep resources. If you'd like to just watch one portion of a video lesson, the video tabs feature allows you to skip to the section of your choice. Our instructors are available to offer help if you struggle with any of the lessons.
1. Greek City-States and Governments
This is a lecture about Greek city states. It begins with an examination of the influence geography had on Greek politics, by comparing Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia. This is followed by a loose characterization of Greek poleis in general, with specific attention paid to constitutions, colonialism and competition.
2. Ancient Greek Tyrant: Definition & Overview
This lesson will help you understand who the Ancient Greek Tyrants were, the events leading up to their rise and decline to power, and finally their significance in the course of history.
3. Tyrants of Ancient Greece: Contributions, Impact & Examples
Ancient Greece had their fair share of tyrants, but that may not mean what you think. In this lesson, we'll explore the Greek concept of tyranny and see how it impacted Greek history.
4. Battle of Marathon: Summary, Facts & Map
Learn about the great Greek victory at the Battle of Marathon. Explore the background of the first Persian War and discover the impact of this battle on the development of western civilization.
5. Battle of Salamis: Facts & Significance
Discover the Battle of Salamis and learn about how the Ancient Greeks tricked and defeated the Persian Empire at sea. Observe the effect of this victory on the development of Western civilization.
6. Battle of the Eurymedon River
There have been many important battles in Western history, not all of which are well known. In this lesson, we'll examine the Battle of the Eurymedon, and see what impact it had on the civilizations of ancient Greece.
7. The Delian League of Ancient Greece: Definition & Overview
Explore the formation, history, and significance of the Delian League of ancient Greece and test your understanding about the wars, culture, and politics of the ancient Mediterranean world.
8. Peloponnesian War: Epidamnus, Corcyra & Potidaea
The Peloponnesian War was one of the greatest conflicts in Greek history, but how did it actually start? In this lesson, we'll look at the background of this war and see how a few relatively minor cities contributed to one of Greece's biggest wars.
9. The Peloponnesian War: History, Cause & Result
The Peloponnesian War was a protracted conflict amongst the city-states of Classical Greece. The war is largely known for the famous struggle between the two dominant Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta.
10. Peloponnesian War and Thucydides
This lecture covers the Peloponnesian War. First we enumerate the causes of the war. Then we examine Pericles' plan to win it. We see how Pericles' plan eventually fell apart and how the Athenians struggled without leadership until their eventual destruction at the hands of the Spartans.
11. The Archidamian War: Timeline & Facts
In this lesson we'll explore the circumstances which led to the Archidamian War between Sparta and Athens before delving into the war's sequence of events and its results.
12. The Sicilian Expedition: Facts & Significance
Not all military campaigns turn out to be good ideas. In this lesson, we'll explore the Sicilian Expedition, and see how it impacted the political relationships between the cities of ancient Greece.
13. The Decelean War: Facts & Significance
The Decelean War represented a major shift in the relationship between Greek city-states. In this lesson, we'll explore this history and see how the war reshaped the Aegean.
14. The Greco-Persian Wars: Causes, Effects & Events
Frank Miller's graphic novel '300' tells the famous story of the second Greco-Persian War and the brave stand of the Spartans to hold off the Persian army against overwhelming odds. This lesson looks at the true story behind these events and explores the conflicts known as the Greco-Persian Wars.
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