Ch 27: Ancient Greece & Rome - MTEL Political Science/Political Philosophy

About This Chapter

Review this chapter to refresh your knowledge of ancient Greek and Roman history. Studying these lessons will better prepare you for the MTEL Political Science/ Political Philosophy exam.

Ancient Greece & Rome - MTEL Political Science/ Political Philosophy - Chapter Summary

These lessons focus on ancient Greek and Roman histories to equip you with the information you need for taking the MTEL Political Science/ Political Philosophy exam. Subjects studied in this chapter include:

  • Independent status of Greek city-states
  • Development of the disciplines of history and philosophy
  • Athenian democracy and Hellenism
  • Creation and structure of the Roman Republic
  • Roman architecture and law
  • Demise of the Roman Republic
  • Rise, division, and fall of the Roman Empire
  • Constantine and the spread of Christianity

Led by our expert instructors, these lessons provide a valuable tool in your studies for the MTEL Political Science/ Political Philosophy exam. After you view each brief video, take the self-assessment quiz to ascertain how well you comprehend the information conveyed.

Ancient Greece & Rome - MTEL Political Science/ Political Philosophy - Chapter Objectives

On the MTEL Political Science/ Political Philosophy exam, your expertise on political science and political philosophy will be gauged to determine your candidacy for a teaching license in these fields. This computer-based test, which is made up of 100 multiple-choice and 2 open-response questions, contains questions pertaining to six different subareas, including 20% about history topics. One of the objectives of the test is to understand major developments in western civilization, including Greece and Rome's classical civilizations. This chapter's main focus is on the histories of ancient Rome and Greece, in direct correlation to this history objective on the exam. Reviewing the practice quizzes and video lessons of this chapter will help equip you with the knowledge necessary to successfully answer any related questions on the test.

14 Lessons in Chapter 27: Ancient Greece & Rome - MTEL Political Science/Political Philosophy
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Greek City-States and Governments

1. Greek City-States and Governments

This is a lecture about Greek city states. It begins with an examination of the influence geography had on Greek politics, by comparing Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia. This is followed by a loose characterization of Greek poleis in general, with specific attention paid to constitutions, colonialism and competition.

The Birth of Philosophy: The Presocratics

2. The Birth of Philosophy: The Presocratics

This lecture covers the advent of philosophy. It first differentiates philosophy from religion, drawing parallels to modern science. It then establishes the basic questions of Presocratic philosophy: What is matter? and What causes change? The rest of the lecture demonstrates how these questions developed as they were tackled by generations of Presocratic philosophers. Finally, it makes plain our incredible debt to the Presocratics.

Birth of History: Herodotus' Persian War

3. Birth of History: Herodotus' Persian War

This lecture begins with Herodotus' special place in history. It then looks at the miracle at Marathon and seeks to explain how it happened by comparing phalanx warfare to Persian warfare. Following that, we'll run through a brief summary of the rest of the war, with special attention drawn to Greek triremes.

Athenian Democracy: Solon and Cleisthenes

4. Athenian Democracy: Solon and Cleisthenes

Although Athens is remembered for creating the first democracy, it took many years and multiple leaders to develop the system we think of today. Learn about who took control, what reforms they made and how the people revolted against the old system.

Alexander the Great and the Birth of Hellenism

5. Alexander the Great and the Birth of Hellenism

This lesson describes Alexander the Great's mighty empire. Beginning with a brief account of his father Philip, the lecture then turns to an enumeration of Alexander's conquests. Next, Alexander's methods are explored. Finally, we will discuss Alexander's legacy of Hellenization.

Formation of the Roman Republic: Offices, Institutions and History

6. Formation of the Roman Republic: Offices, Institutions and History

This lesson covers the formation of the Roman Republic. We start by identifying the underlying causes of the Republican revolution. We then examine how the Romans instituted and expanded upon their system of checks and balances, starting with patrician assemblies and ending with the Plebeian Council.

The Political Structure of the Roman Republic

7. The Political Structure of the Roman Republic

This lesson explains the political structure of the Roman Republic by highlighting the importance of social class within the system. It also explains the roles and positions of the Consuls, the Senate, and the Assembly.

Roman Engineering and Architecture

8. Roman Engineering and Architecture

This lecture covers Roman advances in architecture and engineering. First, Rome's debt to Greece is explored. Next, Roman advances in material science are enumerated: cement, mortar and concrete. After that, we will look at a few distinctly Roman techniques: the arch and the dome.

Roman Law and the Pax Romana: Definition, Meaning & History

9. Roman Law and the Pax Romana: Definition, Meaning & History

This lesson examines Roman law, following its development over time. Next, we briefly explore the three branches of Roman law. Finally, we look at how the spread of Roman law led to an era of Roman peace known as the Pax Romana.

The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey

10. The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey

This lesson explores the factors that led to the death of the Roman Republic. We start with class warfare. We then move onto the exploits of Pompey. Finally, we see how Julius Caesar delivered the death stroke to the Roman Republic.

The Early Roman Empire and the Reign of Augustus Caesar

11. The Early Roman Empire and the Reign of Augustus Caesar

This lesson is about Augustus, the first emperor of Rome. In this lesson we follow Augustus's meteoric rise to power, the collapse of the Roman Republic, and the rise of the Roman Empire.

Division of the Roman Empire: Diocletian & the 3rd Century Crisis

12. Division of the Roman Empire: Diocletian & the 3rd Century Crisis

This lesson will explain the 3rd Century Crisis of the Roman Empire. It will focus on the political, civil and economic problems that caused the crisis, and will also highlight the role of Diocletian in the resolution of the crisis.

The Conversion of Constantine and the Ascent of Christianity

13. The Conversion of Constantine and the Ascent of Christianity

This lesson will explain the conversion of Constantine and the ascent of Christianity. In doing this, it will highlight the Edict of Milan and the famous Council of Nicaea.

The Fall of Rome

14. The Fall of Rome

This lesson explains the gradual fall of Rome. In doing so, it highlights corruption, division, and outside invasion as the main reasons for the fall of the Eternal City.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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