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Ch 5: Ancient Greek Contributions & History

About This Chapter

This chapter on Ancient Greek history reviews major civilizations that flourished and left a legacy in politics, philosophy, literature, and art. It's a fantastic study resource about Greek contributions and includes plenty of fun video lessons.

Ancient Greek Contributions & History - Chapter Summary

This robust chapter supplies you with a carefully prepared review guide over Ancient Greek contributions. The lessons discuss civilizations such as the Minoans, Mycenaeans, and Spartans, and they review innovations such as the alphabet, writing, literature, art forms, and architectural styles. These lessons also examine more contemplative aspects of Ancient Greece philosophy and religion. After your review of this chapter, you should be able to:

  • Describe the conquest of the Minoans by the Mycenaeans, the invasion of the Mycenaeans by the Dorians, and the coming of the Greek Dark Ages
  • Outline and explain the timeline of writing
  • Make connections between the foundations of ancient Greek literature and the elements used in modern literature
  • Expound on the origins of Greek mythology and recognize the stories of major gods and heroes
  • Compare Ancient Greek city states and politics with Ancient Egypt and Ancient Mesopotamia
  • Describe various Greek pottery, sculpture, and architectural styles
  • Summarize Herodotus' record of the Persian War
  • Explain the history of Sparta

The lessons on Ancient Greek contributions were written by our trustworthy expert instructors and made into dynamic videos by our brilliant video editors. This chapter allows you to streamline your learning via your neatly organized and personalized dashboard, allowing you to access all the course lessons, quizzes, and notes in one place, with easy links between these materials. You can access this chapter on any technology you want - laptop, tablet, or cell phone! Plus, we also have subject matter experts available to answer any inquiries you have as you're reviewing our Ancient Greek lessons.

12 Lessons in Chapter 5: Ancient Greek Contributions & History
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Minoans

1. The Minoans

This lesson explores Minoan civilization. Beginning with Arthur Evans' discoveries at Knossos, we move on to explore the mysteries of Minoan art and writing, as well as their mysterious decline in the 15th century BCE.

History of the Alphabet: From Cuneiform to Greek Writing

2. History of the Alphabet: From Cuneiform to Greek Writing

This lecture follows the development of writing, from the pictographs of proto-cuneiform to the symbolic phonemes of cuneiform and hieroglyphics. Then from the abjads of the Phoenecians, Minoans, Hebrews and Arabs to the complete alphabets of the Greeks. It explores the limitations and strengths of each development and draws modern parallels.

Impact of Ancient Greek Literature on Modern Literature & Language

3. Impact of Ancient Greek Literature on Modern Literature & Language

In this lesson, you will explore the various ways that ancient Greek literature has impacted our modern language and literature. Then,you can test your understanding with a brief quiz.

From Mycenae's Collapse to Greek Colonization

4. From Mycenae's Collapse to Greek Colonization

This lesson covers the history of Greece from the collapse of Mycenae to the start of Greek Colonization. We watch its dissolution during the Dorian Invasion and take a look at Greece in the Dark Ages.

Greek Myth and Religion

5. Greek Myth and Religion

This lecture examines the troubles of generalizing Greek religion, before doing just that. It lists the major Olympian gods and their roles. It then explores the function of heroes in Greek religion. Next, the relationship between gods and men is laid out. Finally, it explores aspects of Greek myth that reemerge in Christianity.

Greek City-States and Governments

6. Greek City-States and Governments

This is a lecture about Greek city states. It begins with an examination of the influence geography had on Greek politics, by comparing Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia. This is followed by a loose characterization of Greek poleis in general, with specific attention paid to constitutions, colonialism and competition.

Ancient Greek Art, Pottery and Sculpture

7. Ancient Greek Art, Pottery and Sculpture

A survey of the transitions in Greek art, with special emphasis placed on the importance of materials and technique. This lecture explores Greek pottery styles from geometric to Orientalizing to black- and red-figure vases. It then turns to sculpture from Archaic styles to realism to idealism. Slides are shown throughout to get students familiar with these Greek styles.

Ancient Greek Architecture: Dorian, Ionic & Corinthian

8. Ancient Greek Architecture: Dorian, Ionic & Corinthian

This lecture discusses Greek architecture and its legacy. Enjoy our exploration of Greek columns, temples, stadiums, treasuries and theaters, and see why the Greeks might have reached the pinnacle of architectural achievement.

The Birth of Philosophy: The Presocratics

9. The Birth of Philosophy: The Presocratics

This lecture covers the advent of philosophy. It first differentiates philosophy from religion, drawing parallels to modern science. It then establishes the basic questions of Presocratic philosophy: What is matter? and What causes change? The rest of the lecture demonstrates how these questions developed as they were tackled by generations of Presocratic philosophers. Finally, it makes plain our incredible debt to the Presocratics.

History of Sparta

10. History of Sparta

In this lesson, you'll examine forces that shaped a Spartan society of elite warriors. We'll also explore the stratified caste system created by Lycurgus.

Birth of History: Herodotus' Persian War

11. Birth of History: Herodotus' Persian War

This lecture begins with Herodotus' special place in history. It then looks at the miracle at Marathon and seeks to explain how it happened by comparing phalanx warfare to Persian warfare. Following that, we'll run through a brief summary of the rest of the war, with special attention drawn to Greek triremes.

Slavery in Ancient Greece

12. Slavery in Ancient Greece

This lesson explores slavery in ancient Greece. We examine the various forms slavery took in Greece, comparing Spartan serfdom to Athenian chattel slavery. Finally, we enumerate the duties and rights of Athenian slaves.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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