About This Chapter
Who's It For?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering ancient Greek philosophy material will benefit from the lessons in this chapter. There is no faster or easier way to learn about ancient Greek philosophy. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who want to learn a broad topic in a short amount of time
- Students who are looking for easy ways to identify the most important information on the topic
- Students who have fallen behind in memorizing events and people associated with ancient Greek philosophy
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning about Ancient Greece (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who have limited time to study for an upcoming exam
How It Works:
- Watch each video in the course to review all key topics
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with a short quiz.
- Complete your review with the Ancient Greek Philosophy chapter exam.
Why It Works:
- Study Efficiently: The lessons in this course cover only information you need to know.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Take the Ancient Greek Philosophy chapter exam to make sure you're prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any question about Ancient Greece. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students Will Review:
This chapter summarizes the material students need to know about ancient Greek philosophy for a standard Ancient Greece history course. Topics covered include:
- Birth and timeline of Greek philosophy
- Presocratic Greek philosophy
- Philosophy of Plato, Socrates and Aristotle
- Greek mythology
1. The Birth of Philosophy: The Presocratics
This lecture covers the advent of philosophy. It first differentiates philosophy from religion, drawing parallels to modern science. It then establishes the basic questions of Presocratic philosophy: What is matter? and What causes change? The rest of the lecture demonstrates how these questions developed as they were tackled by generations of Presocratic philosophers. Finally, it makes plain our incredible debt to the Presocratics.
2. Greek Philosophy: History, Influence & Timeline
Considered to be the founders of philosophy, the ancient Greeks used reason and observation to find the answers to life's big questions. In this lesson, we'll examine some of the major figures of ancient Greek philosophy.
3. Platonic Idealism: Plato and His Influence
This lecture examines the philosophy and legacy of Plato. It covers the Allegory of the Cave, the Realm of Forms and Plato's views on politics and the soul. Finally, it shows Plato's enduring legacy in modern science.
4. Socrates: Life, Death and Philosophy
This lecture is a whirlwind tour through the life of Socrates. It begins with an explanation of the Socratic problem, followed by an examination of his philosophy. The lecture ends with a summary of Socrates' legacy.
5. Aristotelian Logic: Aristotle's Central Concepts and Influence
This lesson will explore the life of the famous philosopher Aristotle. It will highlight his life in Northern Greece and Athens, as well as his interactions with Alexander the Great. It will also explain the main tenants of Aristotelian logic.
6. Greek Gods & Greek Mythology
In this lesson, you will explore the mythology of ancient Greek civilization, including the gods, heroes and monsters of legend. Then, test you understanding with a brief quiz.
7. Aristotle's Virtue Ethics: Definition & Theory
Greek philosopher Aristotle introduced the idea that ethics should focus on how we act, and less on the effects of our actions or the intentions behind them. In this lesson, we'll discuss these virtue ethics and how well Aristotle's theory is accepted.
8. Virtue Ethics: Strengths & Weaknesses
Virtue ethics are guiding principles based on the type of people humans should be. This form of ethics has been practiced by famous people throughout history and is seen as a positive outlook by many. However, there are many questions left unanswered when examined more closely.
9. What is Existential Nihilism? - Definition & Philosophy
Not all philosophies promise a happy ending. In this lesson, we are going to explore the concept of existential nihilism, and see how it reflected major societal changes in the 19th and 20th centuries.
10. Existential Nihilism vs. Atheism
There are several philosophies that reject the concept of a divine authority, but not all of them are the same. In this lesson, we are going to look at atheism and existential nihilism to see how they are different and how they are similar.
11. Greek Philosopher Diogenes: Biography & Quotes
When people tell stories about ancient philosophers, they often recount Diogenes' absurdity of living in a tub. Learn more about Diogenes, and why he lived in a tub, by reading this lesson.
12. Philosopher Epicurus: Biography & Quotes
In this lesson we discover the Greek philosopher Epicurus. The son of a schoolteacher, he developed a philosophy that taught others to pursue pleasure and the absence of desire.
13. Epicurus: Ethical Theory, Beliefs & Books
One of the great Greek philosophers of Antiquity was Epicurus. We will see his biography and his philosophy: how he considered that the world could be known, how matter was formed and, above all, how happiness can be achieved.
14. Philosopher Epictetus: Biography, Quotes & Books
Epictetus, a Stoic philosopher, lived and worked in Rome as a teacher and philosopher. He is well known for his extensive writings as well as for his epic rise from slavery to being one of the most well-respected philosophers in western culture.
15. Heraclitus: Biography, Quotes & Theory
Heraclitus is well known as a philosopher on the cutting edge in his time. His theories concerning law, justice, and metaphysics changed the way many western philosophers viewed the universe, preparing the way for the philosophical and intellectual changes in the late BCE and early CE periods.
16. Heraclitus vs. Parmenides
In this lesson we will compare the theories of two ancient Greek philosophers: Heraclitus, the philosopher of change, and Parmenides, the philosopher of permanence. What ways they are different and how they are alike?
17. Heraclitus: Writings & Contribution to Science
Heraclitus was a Greek philosopher who focused on the importance of conflict, the constant nature of change, unity in opposition, and the role of these things in studying the cosmos. In this lesson, you will learn about his life, writings, and major beliefs.
18. What was Synoecism in Ancient Athens?
We hear a lot about the Greek city of Athens, but do you know how it first started rising to power? In this lesson, we'll explore synoecism in ancient Athens and see what this meant for Greek history.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Ancient Greece Study Guide course
- Introduction to Ancient Greece
- Aegean Civilizations
- The Greek Dark Ages
- The Golden Age of Greece
- The Archaic Period in Greece
- Greek Classical Period
- The Hellenistic Period
- Art & Architecture of Ancient Greece
- Ancient Greek Literature
- Mythology in Ancient Greece
- Muses, Creatures & Winds in Greek Mythology
- The Greek Titans