About This Chapter
Ancient Greek Views on Ethics & Philosophy - Chapter Summary
Take a look at this chapter's bite-sized lessons to study ethical and philosophical views from ancient Greece. As you work through the chapter, you'll familiarize yourself with the thoughts of Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Thucydides and more. Take the accompanying self-assessment quizzes to solidify your understanding of these philosophy concepts, and reach out to our instructors if you have any questions about the material. The chapter is also available to study at any time that fits your schedule. When you're finished working through the chapter, you'll be equipped to:
- Discuss the life, death and philosophy of Socrates
- Evaluate the different schools of philosophy in antiquity
- Compare Plato and Euthyphro's thoughts on ethics
- Analyze Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics
- Assess Thucydides' views on political realism and ethics
1. Socrates: Life, Death and Philosophy
This lecture is a whirlwind tour through the life of Socrates. It begins with an explanation of the Socratic problem, followed by an examination of his philosophy. The lecture ends with a summary of Socrates' legacy.
2. Schools of Philosophy in Antiquity: Cynics, Epicureans & Stoics
In this lesson, we will study three schools of philosophy in antiquity: the Cynics, the Epicureans, and the Stoics. We will discuss the founder of each school, as well as its major characteristics.
3. Euthyphro & Plato's Beliefs on Ethics
Learn about virtue ethics and Plato's beliefs on how to achieve human well-being in this lesson. We'll use his text 'Euthyphro' as an example of his interest in virtue and piety.
4. Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics: Summary & Analysis
In this lesson, you'll develop an understanding of Aristotle, including his view of moral responsibility and ethics. You'll also better understand what he thought was the purpose of human life.
5. Thucydides' Views on Ethics & Political Realism
Who was Thucydides? How do you even pronounce that name? And what made his views of ethics and politics so important? Explore the life and theories of Thucydides, and test your understanding with a brief quiz.
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Other chapters within the Philosophy 102: Ethics in America course
- Introduction to the Study of Morality
- Moral Belief Systems Overview
- Morality in Western Religion
- Natural & Moral Law Theories
- Consequentialist vs. Non-Consequentialist Philosophies
- Ethical Issues in Life & Death
- Economic Inequality & Morality
- Philosophical Theories Behind the Justice System
- Moral & Ethical Issues in Peacetime vs. War
- Human Rights Ethics & Morals
- Ethical Issues in Relationships & Sexuality
- Bioethics Impact on Medicine & Morality
- Ethics & Morality in Business
- The Environment & Ethics