Ch 9: Ancient Literature for 10th Grade

About This Chapter

Watch literature video lessons and learn about ancient writings, including Greek myths, the Bible and more. These engaging lessons are just a portion of our online study guide and video collection.

Ancient Literature for 10th Grade - Chapter Summary and Objectives

Early writings undoubtedly had huge effects on the authors and their works in the years that followed. You can find out more about specific books, epics and myths, in addition to their relationships with religion, in these lessons. This chapter can help you understand the following:

  • The epic form of literature
  • Sumerian, Roman and Greek epics
  • Greek myth, religion and connection to Christianity
  • The Bible's effects on later literature

Video Objectives
The Epic of Gilgamesh This lesson defines epic literature and tells you about Gilgamesh and Enkidu's journey, followed by Gilgamesh's search for immortality.
The Iliad: Greek Epic Meet the characters and learn the themes of this epic that began in the oral tradition.
The Odyssey: Greek Epic In this lesson, you can meet the characters and find out about their exploits. Learn how this story relates to Greek culture and other works of literature that followed.
The Argonautica Plot Synopsis: The Myth of Jason and the Argonauts Learn about this love story's characters and the likenesses between this epic and The Odyssey.
The Aeneid by Virgil In this lesson, you can learn why Virgil wrote this epic for Augustus Caesar and also find out about the poet's dramatic depiction of the afterlife.
Greek Myth and Religion Learn about the main Greek gods, the function of heroes and the connection between men and gods. Find out about the characteristics of Greek myth that later emerged within Christianity.
Bible as Literary Influence This lesson explains how other books, stories and poems sometimes refer to stories from the Bible.

8 Lessons in Chapter 9: Ancient Literature for 10th Grade
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Epic of Gilgamesh

1. The Epic of Gilgamesh

Witness the Epic of Gilgamesh, a story of adventure, love and friendship. This long poem will help us examine the hallmarks of civilization for a Sumerian and the importance of dreams. We'll also cover the Sumerian contributions to the epic form of literature.

The Iliad: Greek Epic

2. The Iliad: Greek Epic

This lecture traces the history of Greek epics. It then examines the central themes of 'The Iliad': Xenia, Achilles' wrath, and his quest for immortality. The plot of 'The Iliad' is summarized and attention is drawn to themes from the Sumerian tradition.

The Odyssey: Greek Epic

3. The Odyssey: Greek Epic

This lecture provides a rough outline of the exploits of Odysseus in Homer's epic poem ''The Odyssey''. You'll learn plot details about this epic poem, in addition to hearing about how this important tale relates to Greek culture and literary works throughout history.

The Argonautica Plot Synopsis: The Myth of Jason and the Argonauts

4. The Argonautica Plot Synopsis: The Myth of Jason and the Argonauts

This lesson offers a complete plot synopsis of 'The Argonautica' by Apollonius of Rhodes. Discover the main characters of this romantic twist of a classic Greek myth and learn the similarities between this and 'The Odyssey.'

The Aeneid by Virgil

5. The Aeneid by Virgil

This lesson explores Virgil's 'Aeneid'. It consists of a brief plot synopsis. We stop along the way to look at a few important scenes and offer analysis where necessary.

Greek Myth and Religion

6. Greek Myth and Religion

This lecture examines the troubles of generalizing Greek religion, before doing just that. It lists the major Olympian gods and their roles. It then explores the function of heroes in Greek religion. Next, the relationship between gods and men is laid out. Finally, it explores aspects of Greek myth that reemerge in Christianity.

The Bible as Literary Influence: References and Allusion

7. The Bible as Literary Influence: References and Allusion

In this lesson, we'll consider the ways that many writers were influenced by various aspects of the Bible, both in the past and the present. We'll look at the way the Bible influences the stories and languages of writers and some allusions that authors make to the Bible.

Personification in the Bible

8. Personification in the Bible

In this lesson you will learn about a form of figurative language called personification. Specifically, you will learn how personification is used in the Bible as a way of adding deeper meaning and description to the content.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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