About This Chapter
Ancient Roman Art - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
You can learn more about the art of the ancient Romans with this chapter. Go over the characteristics of Etruscan art and architecture and the influences of Greek and Etruscan art on Roman art. You will also view a history of Roman art, engineering and architecture in this chapter. Completing these lessons should allow you to:
- Analyze depictions of death in Etruscan art
- Discuss the relationship between social status and artistic expression in ancient Rome
- Identify important artworks of the Roman Republic
- Compare the Roman Colosseum to the Theater at Epidaurus
- Explain the layout and purpose of the Roman Forum
- Recognize features of domestic Roman architecture
- Describe the style and techniques of the mural paintings in Pompeii
- Contrast Roman and Etruscan sarcophagi
- Analyze the legacies of Roman art and architecture
- Discuss the tradition of storytelling in Greek, Etruscan and Roman culture
1. Etruscan Art: Characteristics, Materials & Processes
In this lesson, you will explore the art of the Etruscans, a great Italian civilization that predated the ancient Romans. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
2. Etruscan Architecture: Forms, Materials, Construction & Influences
In this lesson, you'll explore the architecture of the ancient Italian people known as the Etruscans. Afterward, you can test your understanding with a brief quiz.
3. Roman Art: History, Characteristics & Style
This lesson offers a basic outline of Roman art. We begin by examining the Greek roots of Roman art. Then, we look at the three predominant forms of Roman art: sculpture, murals and mosaics.
4. Greek & Etruscan Influences on Roman Art
In this lesson, you will explore the influences that both the ancient Greeks and ancient Etruscans had on Roman art. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
5. Depictions of Death in Etruscan Art
In this lesson, you will explore the ways that the Etruscans dealt with death through their artwork, which was primarily preserved in tombs. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
6. Social Status & Artistic Expression in Ancient Rome
In this lesson, you will explore the various styles of Roman art that were available to people of different social classes. You can then test your understanding with a brief quiz.
7. Important Artworks of the Roman Republic
In this lesson, you will explore some of the important trends in art during the Roman Republic and see some famous examples. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
8. Roman Engineering and Architecture
This lecture covers Roman advances in architecture and engineering. First, Rome's debt to Greece is explored. Next, Roman advances in material science are enumerated: cement, mortar and concrete. After that, we will look at a few distinctly Roman techniques: the arch and the dome.
9. Comparing the Roman Colosseum & the Theater at Epidaurus
In this lesson, you will explore two different performance centers of the ancient world, the Roman Colosseum and the Theater at Epidauros. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
10. The Layout and Purpose of the Roman Forum
In this lesson, you will explore the design and function of one of the most important areas of Rome, the Forum. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
11. Roman Domestic Architecture: Development, Design & Style
In this lesson, you will explore Roman domestic architecture and discover the buildings in which Romans actually lived. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
12. Mural Paintings in Pompeii: Subject, Style & Technique
In this lesson, you will explore the various styles of mural paintings found in the buried city of Pompeii. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
13. Comparing Roman & Etruscan Sarcophagi
In this lesson, you will explore the similarities and differences in Roman and Etruscan sarcophagi and discover how burial practices reflected ancient lives. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.
14. Legacies of Roman Art & Architecture
In this lesson, you'll explore the legacy of art and architecture from the powerful Roman Empire, which influences our ideas about style to this day. Afterward, you can test your understanding of the ancient world with a quiz.
15. Storytelling Tradition in Greek, Etruscan & Roman Culture
In this lesson, learn how the Greek, Etruscan, and Roman cultures used storytelling throughout their history. See the similarities and differences between the civilizations and how stories preserved their cultures over thousands of years.
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Other chapters within the AP Art History: Exam Prep course
- Introduction to Art
- Prehistoric Art
- Ancient Egyptian Art
- Ancient Near East Art
- Ancient Greek Art
- Early Christian Art
- Art of the Byzantine Empire
- Medieval Art
- Romanesque Style of Art
- Gothic Art
- Fifteenth-Century Art
- Sixteenth-Century Art
- Art of the Baroque Period
- Rococo Art
- Neoclassical Art
- Art of the Romantic Period
- Impressionist Art
- Post-Impressionism in Art
- Early Twentieth-Century Art
- Postwar to Postmodern Art
- Global Contemporary Art
- Asian Art
- Art of the Pacific
- Art of Indigenous Americas
- African Art
- AP Art History Flashcards