Ch 4: Ancient Roman Culture

About This Chapter

The Ancient Roman Culture chapter of this Ancient Rome Study Guide course is the most efficient way to study the culture of ancient Rome. This chapter uses simple and fun videos that are about five minutes long, plus includes lesson quizzes and a chapter exam to ensure you understand the essential concepts associated with ancient Roman culture.

Who's It For?

Anyone who needs help learning or mastering ancient Roman culture material will benefit from the lessons in this chapter. There is no faster or easier way to learn about ancient Roman culture. Among those who would benefit are:

  • Students who want to learn a broad topic in a short amount of time
  • Students who are looking for easy ways to identify the most important information on the topic
  • Students who have fallen behind in memorizing events and people associated with ancient Roman culture.
  • Students who prefer multiple ways of learning ancient Roman history (visual or auditory)
  • Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
  • Students who have limited time to study for an upcoming exam

How It Works:

  • Watch each video in the chapter to review all key topics.
  • Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
  • Test your understanding of each lesson with a short quiz.
  • Complete your review with the Ancient Roman Culture chapter exam.

Why It Works:

  • Study Efficiently: The lessons in this chapter cover only information you need to know.
  • Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
  • Be Ready on Test Day: Take the Ancient Roman Culture chapter exam to make sure you're prepared.
  • Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any ancient Roman history question. They're here to help!
  • Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.

Students Will Review:

This chapter summarizes the material students need to know about the culture of ancient Rome for a standard ancient Roman history course. Topics covered include:

  • The definition and significance of the Pax Romana
  • Philosophy of Cicero, Stoicism and Atomism
  • The growth of Christianity in the Roman Empire
  • Conversion of Constantine
  • St. Augustine's City of God
  • Justinian Code of Law
  • The Roman Tribune
  • Roman gladiators and slaves

22 Lessons in Chapter 4: Ancient Roman Culture
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Roman Law and the Pax Romana: Definition, Meaning & History

1. Roman Law and the Pax Romana: Definition, Meaning & History

This lesson examines Roman law, following its development over time. Next, we briefly explore the three branches of Roman law. Finally, we look at how the spread of Roman law led to an era of Roman peace known as the Pax Romana.

Cicero: History & Philosophy

2. Cicero: History & Philosophy

This lesson recounts the life and accomplishments of Cicero. We follow his political career through the collapse of the Roman Republic. We take a look at his philosophy. Finally we examine his legacy in western civilization.

Stoicism: Understanding Roman Moral Philosophy

3. Stoicism: Understanding Roman Moral Philosophy

This lesson looks at Roman moral philosophy, beginning with the unwritten laws and customs governing Roman social life. Then, we follow the introduction of Stoic philosophy to Rome. Finally, we take a look at some of Rome's greatest stoic philosophers.

Atomism: Natural Philosophy and Lucretius

4. Atomism: Natural Philosophy and Lucretius

This lesson will discuss the theories of the Roman philosopher, Lucretius. As it focuses on Lucretius and his works, it will highlight his belief in atomism and his famous poem, 'On the Nature of Things.'

Growth of Early Christianity in Rome

5. Growth of Early Christianity in Rome

In this lesson, we explore the experiences of early Christians under the Roman Empire, from their early periods of toleration and persecution to the conversion of Emperor Constantine.

The Conversion of Constantine and the Ascent of Christianity

6. The Conversion of Constantine and the Ascent of Christianity

This lesson will explain the conversion of Constantine and the ascent of Christianity. In doing this, it will highlight the Edict of Milan and the famous Council of Nicaea.

St. Augustine's City of God

7. St. Augustine's City of God

This lesson explores the life of St. Augustine and one his most famous works, The City of God. As we explore this work, we'll highlight Rome's disdain for the Christian faith and Augustine's argument against Rome's religious position.

The Pope in Early Christianity

8. The Pope in Early Christianity

In this lesson, we explore the gradual transformation of the early Christian church in Rome, and specifically its bishop, into the incredibly powerful papacy of today.

Justinian's Code of Law and Roman Emperors After Constantine

9. Justinian's Code of Law and Roman Emperors After Constantine

This lesson will highlight the emperors after Constantine. It will specifically explore the reign of Justinian and the famous Justinian code of law. It will also discuss the Apostate and the battle of Adrianople.

Roman Tribune: Definition & Overview

10. Roman Tribune: Definition & Overview

This lesson will explain the origins and powers of the Plebeian Tribune, one of the most unusual and influential positions in the ancient world. It will also explain the tribune's impact on Roman government.

The Ancient Roman Gladiators: History, Types & Facts

11. The Ancient Roman Gladiators: History, Types & Facts

In this lesson learn how gladiator games evolved from funeral obligations to displays of wealth and political power. Discover how the gladiators trained, the different types of fighters, and the rules of the games.

Life of Ancient Roman Slaves: Facts & Treatment

12. Life of Ancient Roman Slaves: Facts & Treatment

Most civilizations throughout human history have played host to the unfortunate institution of slavery. This lesson will introduce how slavery was unique in ancient Rome, including the origins of Roman slaves, how they were treated, slave rebellions, and the jobs slaves held.

Building Ancient Roman Roads: History & Facts

13. Building Ancient Roman Roads: History & Facts

Roman roads were the first type of paved roads in history. Learn their history and several facts in this lesson. You can also test your knowledge with a quiz.

What is a Roman Legion? - Ranks, Size & Organization

14. What is a Roman Legion? - Ranks, Size & Organization

In this lesson we explore the history of the Roman Legion, its makeup, and how its organization and structure changed over the course of the Roman Empire.

Roman Legion: Tactics, Armor & Weapons

15. Roman Legion: Tactics, Armor & Weapons

You will learn about the armor, types of weapons, and the tactics used in the Roman military. Most of the equipment mentioned was used by the typical legionnaire in the Roman army.

Roman Legion: Symbols & Flag

16. Roman Legion: Symbols & Flag

Rome's military was well organized and effective. In this lesson, we're going to look at a specific aspect of this military, the heraldry of the legion, and see how this represented ancient Roman society.

Gaius Julius Hyginus: Fabulae & Astronomia

17. Gaius Julius Hyginus: Fabulae & Astronomia

First century CE Roman author Gaius Julius Hyginus is well known for his writings concerning the Fabulae and Astronomica. These two categories are extensions of ancient Greco-Roman mythology that are considered historically and culturally significant.

Ancient Carthage: People, Language & Culture

18. Ancient Carthage: People, Language & Culture

This lesson will explore the ancient city of Carthage which was located in what today would be Tunisia, in Northern Africa. We will briefly explore the legendary founding, the people who inhabited the city, the roots of the language, and some interesting aspects of their culture.

Pliny the Elder in Roman History: Biography & Facts

19. Pliny the Elder in Roman History: Biography & Facts

A friendly gesture by an emperor led to a series of events that doomed one of Rome's most famous scholars, Pliny the Elder. Find out why on this lesson about his life.

Natural History by Pliny the Elder: Summary & Analysis

20. Natural History by Pliny the Elder: Summary & Analysis

Pliny the Elder compiled one of the world's first encyclopedias. This lesson explores Pliny's life, his ''Natural History'', and the outsized impact Pliny had on medieval European thought.

Who Was Pliny the Younger? - Biography & Works

21. Who Was Pliny the Younger? - Biography & Works

Pliny the Younger was a lawyer, author, and an eyewitness to one of the worst disasters in human history. Find out more about this on this lesson about his life and works.

What was a Centurion in Ancient Rome?

22. What was a Centurion in Ancient Rome?

The Roman military was complex and well organized. In this lesson, we'll examine the centurion and see what his role was in helping to maintain the Roman military machine.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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