About This Chapter
Ancient Rome from 264 to 31 BC - Chapter Summary
Follow along with these lessons to learn about the history of the Roman Republic to the rise of Julius Caesar. You will explore the expansion of Rome, its many wars with its neighbors, and the eventual fall of Republican to Imperial rule.
You'll learn about the early history of Rome before it became the Roman Empire. Explanations of Roman titles and Senatorial positions along with introductions to major Roman military and political figures will all be covered. When you have finished all the lessons in this chapter, you will better understand:
- The Middle Republic
- Rome's role in the Punic Wars
- The beginning of Rome's expansion
- Roman military and political reforms caused by figures such as the Gracchi and Marius
- The Jugurthine and Mithridatic Wars
- Members of the First and Second Triumvirates
- The fall of the Roman Republic to Julius Caesar
Our teaching process begins with easy-to-follow video lessons created by trained instructors. Once you have reviewed the material you can see what you learned using interactive lesson quizzes and the chapter exam. Use the video tags in your Timeline to quickly go over specific parts of videos or entire lessons.
1. The Punic Wars: Causes, Summary & Hannibal
This lesson covers the three Punic Wars. We compare Rome to Carthage, then get into a summary account of the First, Second and Third Punic Wars, with brief discussions of their causes and consequences.
2. Roman Expansion in the Mediterranean
In this lesson, you will learn about Roman expansion in the Mediterranean during the Middle Republic period, 264-133 BCE. Specifically, you will learn about the military and political conditions that allowed Rome to emerge as the dominant power in the ancient world following the conclusion of the Punic Wars.
3. Roman Tribune: Definition & Overview
This lesson will explain the origins and powers of the Plebeian Tribune, one of the most unusual and influential positions in the ancient world. It will also explain the tribune's impact on Roman government.
4. Ancient Roman Politics: Roles & Significance
In this lesson, you will learn a little bit about the many players in Ancient Roman politics and how the social class played a role in the Ancient Roman Republic.
5. Violence & Problems in Ancient Roman Politics
In this lesson, you will learn a little bit about the problems facing the Ancient Roman Republic, and the violence that followed when politicians tried to tackle these problems.
6. Reform in the Roman Republic: The Gracchi, Marius & Sulla
This lesson covers the reforms of the Late Republic. We look at the effects of slavery on the Republic. We examine the factors that led to social unrest. Finally, we take a look at the efforts of various great men to save the Republic from itself.
7. Social War & Marian-Sullan Civil War: Summary & Timeline
The Social War and Marian-Sullan Civil War were some of the last major moments in Rome's history before the transition into an empire fully began. In this lesson, we'll explore these wars and see how they influenced the last years of the Roman Republic.
8. The Jugurthine Wars: Facts & Causes
The Jugurthine War was a major moment in the beginning of Rome's transition from a republic into an empire. We are going to explore this war, and see what impacts it had on Roman society.
9. The Mithridatic Wars: Facts & Causes
Before it became an empire, the Roman Republic was already expanding. One result of this expansion was the Mithridatic Wars. In this lesson, we'll explore these wars and see how they impacted Roman history.
10. Cimbri & Teutones: Wars & Impact
Rome faced many enemies in its history, but few were are formidable as the Cimbri and Teutones. In this lesson, we'll talk about these groups and see how they impacted Roman history.
11. Members of the First Triumvirate: History & Explanation
In this lesson, explore the history, political power, and significance of the First Triumvirate of Ancient Rome, including the lives and ambitions of its three members.
12. Cicero: History & Philosophy
This lesson recounts the life and accomplishments of Cicero. We follow his political career through the collapse of the Roman Republic. We take a look at his philosophy. Finally we examine his legacy in western civilization.
13. The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey
This lesson explores the factors that led to the death of the Roman Republic. We start with class warfare. We then move onto the exploits of Pompey. Finally, we see how Julius Caesar delivered the death stroke to the Roman Republic.
14. The Second Triumvirate: Members & Overview
This essay will explain the development and uses of the second triumvirate in the aftermath of Julius Caesar's assassination, from their creation to its dissolution.
15. Late Roman Republic: Wars & Expansion
The Late Republic, circa 146 BC-31 BC, was the turning point in Rome's evolution from republic to empire. In this volatile century, the Roman world expanded dramatically across the Mediterranean, Africa, the Near/Middle East, and western Europe.
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Other chapters within the HSC Ancient History: Exam Prep & Syllabus course
- Cities of Vesuvius: Pompeii & Herculaneum
- Old Kingdom of Ancient Egypt
- New Kingdom of Ancient Egypt
- Ancient Egyptian Economy & Society
- Ancient Egyptian Culture & Customs
- Important Ancient Egyptian Personalities
- Ancient Assyria Overview
- Israel & Judah from Solomon to the Fall of Jerusalem
- Ancient Israel Overview
- Important Near East Personalities
- Persia from Cyrus II to Darius III
- Ancient Persia Overview
- Ancient Minoans
- Mycenaean Civilization
- Ancient Greece from 500-399 BC
- Ancient Greece: Athens Overview
- Ancient Greece: Sparta Overview
- 4th Century Greece Till the Death of Philip II of Macedon
- Important Ancient Greek Personalities
- Ancient Rome from 44 BC to AD 235
- Important Ancient Roman Personalities
- HSC Ancient History Flashcards