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Ch 20: Ancient Rome from 264 to 31 BC

About This Chapter

Study the history of Rome from its Republican beginnings all the way to the foundation of the empire. Make sure you understand Rome's political system and its wars of expansion using these video lessons and interactive quizzes so you will be more prepared for a future exam or classroom discussion.

Ancient Rome from 264 to 31 BC - Chapter Summary

Follow along with these lessons to learn about the history of the Roman Republic to the rise of Julius Caesar. You will explore the expansion of Rome, its many wars with its neighbors, and the eventual fall of Republican to Imperial rule.

You'll learn about the early history of Rome before it became the Roman Empire. Explanations of Roman titles and Senatorial positions along with introductions to major Roman military and political figures will all be covered. When you have finished all the lessons in this chapter, you will better understand:

  • The Middle Republic
  • Rome's role in the Punic Wars
  • The beginning of Rome's expansion
  • Roman military and political reforms caused by figures such as the Gracchi and Marius
  • The Jugurthine and Mithridatic Wars
  • Members of the First and Second Triumvirates
  • The fall of the Roman Republic to Julius Caesar

Our teaching process begins with easy-to-follow video lessons created by trained instructors. Once you have reviewed the material you can see what you learned using interactive lesson quizzes and the chapter exam. Use the video tags in your Timeline to quickly go over specific parts of videos or entire lessons.

15 Lessons in Chapter 20: Ancient Rome from 264 to 31 BC
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Punic Wars: Causes, Summary & Hannibal

1. The Punic Wars: Causes, Summary & Hannibal

This lesson covers the three Punic Wars. We compare Rome to Carthage, then get into a summary account of the First, Second and Third Punic Wars, with brief discussions of their causes and consequences.

Roman Expansion in the Mediterranean

2. Roman Expansion in the Mediterranean

In this lesson, you will learn about Roman expansion in the Mediterranean during the Middle Republic period, 264-133 BCE. Specifically, you will learn about the military and political conditions that allowed Rome to emerge as the dominant power in the ancient world following the conclusion of the Punic Wars.

Roman Tribune: Definition & Overview

3. Roman Tribune: Definition & Overview

This lesson will explain the origins and powers of the Plebeian Tribune, one of the most unusual and influential positions in the ancient world. It will also explain the tribune's impact on Roman government.

Ancient Roman Politics: Roles & Significance

4. Ancient Roman Politics: Roles & Significance

In this lesson, you will learn a little bit about the many players in Ancient Roman politics and how the social class played a role in the Ancient Roman Republic.

Violence & Problems in Ancient Roman Politics

5. Violence & Problems in Ancient Roman Politics

In this lesson, you will learn a little bit about the problems facing the Ancient Roman Republic, and the violence that followed when politicians tried to tackle these problems.

Reform in the Roman Republic: The Gracchi, Marius & Sulla

6. Reform in the Roman Republic: The Gracchi, Marius & Sulla

This lesson covers the reforms of the Late Republic. We look at the effects of slavery on the Republic. We examine the factors that led to social unrest. Finally, we take a look at the efforts of various great men to save the Republic from itself.

Social War & Marian-Sullan Civil War: Summary & Timeline

7. Social War & Marian-Sullan Civil War: Summary & Timeline

The Social War and Marian-Sullan Civil War were some of the last major moments in Rome's history before the transition into an empire fully began. In this lesson, we'll explore these wars and see how they influenced the last years of the Roman Republic.

The Jugurthine Wars: Facts & Causes

8. The Jugurthine Wars: Facts & Causes

The Jugurthine War was a major moment in the beginning of Rome's transition from a republic into an empire. We are going to explore this war, and see what impacts it had on Roman society.

The Mithridatic Wars: Facts & Causes

9. The Mithridatic Wars: Facts & Causes

Before it became an empire, the Roman Republic was already expanding. One result of this expansion was the Mithridatic Wars. In this lesson, we'll explore these wars and see how they impacted Roman history.

Cimbri & Teutones: Wars & Impact

10. Cimbri & Teutones: Wars & Impact

Rome faced many enemies in its history, but few were are formidable as the Cimbri and Teutones. In this lesson, we'll talk about these groups and see how they impacted Roman history.

Members of the First Triumvirate: History & Explanation

11. Members of the First Triumvirate: History & Explanation

In this lesson, explore the history, political power, and significance of the First Triumvirate of Ancient Rome, including the lives and ambitions of its three members.

Cicero: History & Philosophy

12. Cicero: History & Philosophy

This lesson recounts the life and accomplishments of Cicero. We follow his political career through the collapse of the Roman Republic. We take a look at his philosophy. Finally we examine his legacy in western civilization.

The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey

13. The Death of the Republic: Julius Caesar & Pompey

This lesson explores the factors that led to the death of the Roman Republic. We start with class warfare. We then move onto the exploits of Pompey. Finally, we see how Julius Caesar delivered the death stroke to the Roman Republic.

The Second Triumvirate: Members & Overview

14. The Second Triumvirate: Members & Overview

This essay will explain the development and uses of the second triumvirate in the aftermath of Julius Caesar's assassination, from their creation to its dissolution.

Late Roman Republic: Wars & Expansion

15. Late Roman Republic: Wars & Expansion

The Late Republic, circa 146 BC-31 BC, was the turning point in Rome's evolution from republic to empire. In this volatile century, the Roman world expanded dramatically across the Mediterranean, Africa, the Near/Middle East, and western Europe.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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