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Ch 21: Ancient Rome from 44 BC to AD 235

About This Chapter

Learn more about the fascinating era in Ancient Rome between 44 BC and AD 235 with our engaging chapter. Let us help you prepare for a placement exam or assignment with the topics covered in the short videos, text lessons and quizzes presented here.

Ancient Rome from 44 BC to AD 235 - Chapter Summary

This chapter covers the first emperor of Rome, Emperor Augustus, his biography and rise to power, the fall of the Roman Republic and rise of the Roman Empire. You can learn about the culture, government and military of this new empire as well as some of the significant characteristics of the Augustan Principate. Additional topics cover the rule of Augustus' predecessors and some of the defining factors of their time periods.

Lessons also discuss the famous Flavian emperors and the Five Good Emperors of the Nervan-Antonine Dynasty. After reviewing this chapter, you will be prepared to:

  • List some of the lasting achievements Emperor Augustus contributed to the Roman Empire
  • Relate the poems of Horace, Virgil and Ovid to Augustus' rise to power
  • Name the emperors of the Julio-Claudian dynasty
  • Explain how philosopher Lucius Annaeus Seneca contributed to this dynasty
  • Describe the outlandish emperors of the Severan Dynasty
  • Discuss Rome's foreign policies and relationships with its provinces
  • Define Pax Romana and determine how long it lasted

These professionally designed video and text lessons make even the most challenging and complicated topics approachable. If you still find that you need help as you work through the chapter, feel free to contact an instructor. Rather than watch an entire video lesson, you can also use the video tabs feature to skip ahead to the topic you'd like to view. Access these study materials at any time on any tablet, computer or mobile device.

14 Lessons in Chapter 21: Ancient Rome from 44 BC to AD 235
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Early Roman Empire and the Reign of Augustus Caesar

1. The Early Roman Empire and the Reign of Augustus Caesar

This lesson is about Augustus, the first emperor of Rome. In this lesson we follow Augustus's meteoric rise to power, the collapse of the Roman Republic, and the rise of the Roman Empire.

The Emperor Augustus: Biography, Facts & Achievements

2. The Emperor Augustus: Biography, Facts & Achievements

Emperor Augustus ruled Rome for 45 years, ushering in a period of stability that persisted long after his death. Learn about the man behind the emperor and discuss the achievements that made him one of the most memorable rulers in Roman history.

The Roman Empire: Government & Culture

3. The Roman Empire: Government & Culture

After the demise of the Roman Republic, Augustus presided over the early Roman Empire. In this lesson, explore elements of the government, military, and culture of imperial Rome.

The Roman Empire: The Augustan Principate

4. The Roman Empire: The Augustan Principate

Rome went from being a republic to being an empire, but this transition didn't happen over night. In this lesson, we'll explore the ways that Roman emperors kept the Republic alive in the Roman Empire, and see how Augustus helped establish this system.

Life in the Roman Empire Under Augustus

5. Life in the Roman Empire Under Augustus

Augustus was Rome's first emperor, and he had the job of overseeing Rome's transition out of a republic. In this lesson, we'll talk about how this changed Roman society and daily life in the Eternal City.

Augustus' Propagandists: Virgil, Horace and Ovid

6. Augustus' Propagandists: Virgil, Horace and Ovid

This lesson explores the role of poetry in Augustus' rise to power. We look at the contributions of Virgil and Horace, two poets brought to Augustus' aid by his friend Maecenas. We also look at the legacy of Ovid, a poet who seems to have raised the emperor's ire.

Emperors of the Julio-Claudian Dynasty

7. Emperors of the Julio-Claudian Dynasty

This lesson will explain the soap opera-like reign of the Julio-Claudian Dynasty. Highlighting the reigns of Augustus, Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, and Nero, it will shed light on the Roman Empire's first ruling dynasty.

The Roman Empire: The Julio-Claudian Principate

8. The Roman Empire: The Julio-Claudian Principate

''In this lesson you will be learning about the significance of the first imperial dynasty of the Roman Empire, called the Julio-Claudians, beginning with Augustus and ending with Nero. Specifically, how these men's relationship with different aspects of their administrations affected the development of the Principate, or rule by the First Citizen.''

Lucius Annaeus Seneca: Facts & Biography

9. Lucius Annaeus Seneca: Facts & Biography

In this lesson we will explore Lucius Annaeus Seneca's role as an imperial advisor, philosopher, writer, and dramatist. We will identify who he was and why he is an important figure in Roman history, and we will examine his life in historical context.

The Year of the Four Emperors & the Flavian Dynasty

10. The Year of the Four Emperors & the Flavian Dynasty

This lesson will explore the famous Flavian emperors: Vespasian, Titus, and Domitian. It will explain how this dynasty came to power during the Year of the Four Emperors. It will also highlight the details of each emperor's reign.

The Five Good Emperors of Rome & the Nervan-Antonine Dynasty

11. The Five Good Emperors of Rome & the Nervan-Antonine Dynasty

This lesson will identify the emperors of the Nervan-Antonine Dynasty. It will explain the rule of the Five Good Emperors of the era, while also highlighting the rule of Commodus, the last of the dynasty's emperors.

Emperors of the Severan Dynasty

12. Emperors of the Severan Dynasty

This lesson focuses on the Severan Dynasty, which ruled Rome from 193 CE to 235 CE. Although the lesson explains the military and social reforms of this dynasty, it also highlights the outlandish personalities of the individual rulers.

Ancient Roman Provinces: Romanization, Rule & Policies

13. Ancient Roman Provinces: Romanization, Rule & Policies

The Roman Empire was huge and relied on an extensive organizational system to keep it functioning. In this lesson, we'll look at the role of the provinces in this system, and see how Romans kept conquered territories under control.

Pax Romana: Definition, Facts & Achievements

14. Pax Romana: Definition, Facts & Achievements

This lesson will talk about the Pax Romana, a long period of peace that started at the beginning of the Roman Empire and lasted into the third century C.E.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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