About This Chapter
Animal Behavior - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
The lessons included in this chapter can help you distinguish between behaviors used to respond to stimuli and behaviors that are essential for establishing social relationships and group identity. Instructors also discuss animal communication techniques and population dynamics. By the end of this chapter, you should be familiar with the following:
- Differences between innate and learned behaviors
- Benefits of social systems and groups
- Types of behavior affecting social group interaction
- Relationship between population demographics and ecosystem health
|Innate Behavior: Reflexes, Kineses and Taxes||Describes the differences between reflexes, kineses and taxes, as well as fixed action patterns, migration, stereotypy and circadian rhythms|
|Learned Behavior: Imprinting, Habituation and Conditioning||Provides examples of classical and operant conditioning and explains how habituation, insight and imprinting help us learn new behaviors|
|Social Behavior: The Cost-Benefit of Altruism and Kin Selection||Contrasts altruistic, cooperative, selfish and spiteful behaviors before comparing the costs and benefits of living in groups|
|Social Behavior: Agonistic, Dominance Hierarchies and Territoriality||Explains the effects of aggressive behaviors, ranking hierarchies and the competition for space in social interactions|
|Social Systems vs. Individual Fitness: The Queen/Worker Relationship||Shows how social systems improve the inclusive fitness of a group, sometimes at the expense of individual fitness|
|The Theory of Demographic Transition: Overview||Identifies the five stages of this population change model and describes demographic terms, including mortality rate and life expectancy|
|Carrying Capacity of a Population: Effect of Biomedical Progress||Explains how advances in medicine and technology affect our ecosystem's maximum occupancy|
|The Circadian Rhythm||Discusses the benefits of an organism's ability to successfully transition between states of sleep and wakefulness|
|How Animals Communicate: Chemical, Visual and Electrical Signals||Describes the use of pheromones, allomones, visual displays and electric signals|
|Biological Influences on Human Behavior: Genetics & Environment||Explores the ways in which genetics and the environment impact human behavior.|
1. Innate Behavior: Reflexes, Kineses and Taxes
When there is a loud sound, you quickly jump without thinking. This is because this reflex is an innate, or inherited, behavior. In this lesson, we will look at reflexes as well as several other types of innate behaviors.
2. Learned Behavior: Imprinting, Habituation and Conditioning
Ever wonder why it is easier to train your dog when you give him a treat every time he does something correct? In this lesson we will take a look at conditioning as well as several other forms of learned behavior.
3. Social Behavior: The Cost-Benefit of Altruism and Kin Selection
Ever wonder why people are more likely to help their relatives than complete strangers? Social behavior can help explain this and other actions. Let's look at the cost of certain behaviors.
4. Social Behavior: Agonistic, Dominance Hierarchies, & Territoriality
Instead of using words, animals communicate with each other through social behaviors. These actions between individuals may be used to establish rank, defend home and breeding sites, and compete for resources.
5. Social Systems vs. Individual Fitness: The Queen/Worker Relationship
The queen bee rules her hive while others take care of her needs. This form of behavior may seem odd, but it can be explained by looking into social systems and fitness.
6. The Theory of Demographic Transition: Overview
Populations change over time. The growth or decline of a population can have an effect on the quality of life for people within that population. In this lesson, you'll learn about the theory of demographic transition, which is a model used to study and predict population changes.
7. Carrying Capacity of a Population: Effect of Biomedical Progress
The human population continues to grow. There are several things that contribute to this growth, including biomedical progress. In this lesson, we will look at some examples as well as what may happen if this growth continues.
8. The Circadian Rhythm
You wake up in the morning and go to sleep at night. But some animals do the opposite: wake at night and sleep during the day. What determines the time of day you're active is your circadian rhythm, an internal clock that keeps daily time for you.
9. How Animals Communicate: Chemical, Visual & Electrical Signals
Animals use a variety of different signals to communicate with each other. In this lesson you'll identify the different types of communication signals and the situations in which they might be most useful.
10. Biological Influences on Human Behavior: Genetics & Environment
Humans are a product of both our genetic makeup and our environmental surroundings. Does one influence our behavior more than the other? It can be difficult to tell, but there are ways that scientists can better understand why we do the things we do.
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- Basic Science Lab Skills
- Inorganic Chemistry Review for High School Biology
- Introduction to Organic Chemistry
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- Cell Biology
- Requirements of Biological Systems
- Cell Communication
- Cellular Metabolism & Respiration
- Cell Growth & The Process of Cell Division
- The Nucleotide Structure of DNA & RNA
- Processes & Steps of DNA Replication
- The Transcription and Translation Process
- Mendelian Genetics & Mechanisms of Heredity
- Types & Effects of Genetic Mutations
- DNA Technology and Genomics
- Bacterial Biology Overview
- The Origin of the Universe and Life on Earth
- Geologic Time
- Evolution Overview
- Phylogeny and the Classification of Organisms
- Plant Biology
- Plant Reproduction and Growth
- Introduction to Fungi
- Introduction to Invertebrates
- Introduction to Vertebrates
- Physiology I: The Circulatory, Respiratory, Digestive, Excretory, and Musculoskeletal Systems
- Physiology II: The Nervous, Immune, and Endocrine Systems
- Animal Reproduction and Development
- Human Reproductive Systems
- Ecology and the Environment
- Human Effects on the Environment
- Basic Molecular Biology Laboratory Techniques
- Analyzing Scientific Data