About This Chapter
Antecedent Influences on Behaviorism - Chapter Summary
Review the important influences on the psychological study of behaviorism with these fun lessons. The chapter's lessons explore the theories and research of psychologists such as Ivan Pavlov and Edward Thorndike. Use the lessons to gather information about classical conditioning and to learn more about the basis for the behavioral perspective in psychology.
Work at your own pace as you watch the videos and take the self-assessment quizzes to see how well you understand the material. By reviewing these tools, you'll have access to a comprehensive, flexible study guide you can view on any mobile device or computer at any time. If you get stuck while working through these lessons, feel free to contact an instructor for additional help. This chapter introduces you to the following topics:
- How animal psychology influences behaviorism
- Thorndike's law of effect
- How Ivan Pavlov contributed to psychology with his experiments
- Bekhterev's theory of associated reflexes
1. The Influence of Animal Psychology on Behaviorism
What do dogs and rats have to do with the way humans behave? In this lesson, we'll look at behaviorism and how animal psychology influenced the field. In particular, we'll look at the contributions of Jacques Loeb, Ivan Pavlov, and B.F. Skinner.
2. Behavioral Theory: Thorndike and the Law of Effect
How can outside forces change the way we behave? Why are people's actions shaped by rewards, such as money or good grades, or punishments, such as losing money or feeling pain? This lesson is an introduction to the famous psychologist Thorndike and his foundational research on why consequences of behavior, such as rewards or punishments, affect our future choices.
3. Ivan Pavlov and Classical Conditioning: Theory, Experiments & Contributions to Psychology
Ivan Pavlov and his theory of classical conditioning had a profound impact on the understanding of human behavior. This lesson explains classical conditioning and Pavlov's contributions to psychology.
4. Behaviorism & Bekhterev's Theory of Associated Reflexes
How does the world around us impact our behavior? In this lesson, we'll look at behaviorist psychology and one of the early researchers in the field, Russian neurologist Vladimir Bekhterev.
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Other chapters within the Psychology 312: History and Systems of Psychology course
- Studying the History of Psychology
- Philosophical Influences on Psychology
- Physiological Influences on Psychology
- Women & Minorities in Psychology
- The New Psychology
- Structuralism in Psychology
- Antecedent Influences on Functionalism
- Development of Functionalism
- Applied Psychology
- Development of Behaviorism
- Evolution of Behaviorism
- Gestalt Psychology
- Important Theories in Psychoanalysis
- Contemporary Developments in Psychology
- History of American Psychiatry
- Case Studies in Psychology
- History of Psychology Overview
- Required Assignment for Psychology 312
- Studying for Psychology 312