About This Chapter
Who's It For?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering antigen, antibody and T-cell receptor material will benefit from the lessons in this chapter. There is no faster or easier way to learn about antigens, antibodies and T-cell receptors. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding antigens, antibodies and T-cell receptors
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning immunology (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about antigens, antibodies and T-cell receptors
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra immunology learning resources
How It Works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the Antigens, Antibodies and T-Cell Receptors chapter exam.
Why It Works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the antigens, antibodies and T-cell receptors chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any Antigens, Antibodies and T-Cell Receptors question. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students Will Review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in an antigens, antibodies & T-cell receptors unit of a standard immunology course. Topics covered include:
- Creation, types and function of T-cells and B-cells
- Blood types
- Red blood cell antigens and their significance in blood type
- Definition & response of cell-mediated, humoral and adaptive immunity
- Structure, function and classes of antibodies
1. What are T Cells: Creation and Function
This lesson will teach about the birth, maturation, and importance of T cells. You'll learn about T lymphocytes, cytotoxic T cells, helper T cells, memory T cells, and more!
2. What Are B Cells? - Function and Types
This lesson will focus in on the generalities of B-cells, such as their place of generation, maturation, and training, as well as some specific types of B-cells, such as plasma cells and memory cells.
3. Blood Types: ABO System, Red Blood Cell Antigens & Blood Groups
You are either blood type A, B, AB or O. But, did you know that your blood type is determined by microscopic antigens found on your red blood cells? In this lesson, you will learn about the different blood groups and why they do not mix.
4. Cell-mediated Immunity: Definition & Response
Learn about cell-mediated immunity by investigating its function and process in the immune system. We will cover how T lymphocytes and major histocompatibility complex molecules play an important role in carrying out this immune response.
5. The Humoral Immune Response: Definition and Features
This lesson will describe what humoral immunity is, how it is activated, what is produced, and why. Find out as we explore antigen presenting cells, MHC, T cells, B cells, plasma cells, and antibodies.
6. What Is Adaptive Immunity? - Definition and Types
This lesson will help you distinguish between several different types of immunity. This includes passive immunity, active immunity, naturally acquired immunity and artificially acquired immunity.
7. Antibodies: Their Important Structure
This lesson will cover the basic but important structural components and sites of an antibody as well as their function. This includes heavy chains, light chains, variable domains, constant domains, paratopes, and epitopes.
8. Antibodies: Their Function In the Immune System
This lesson will delve into the three main ways by which antibodies function. We're going to discuss opsonization, agglutination and neutralization. We'll also learn what the Fc region is and why it's important.
9. The Five Classes of Antibodies
This lesson will cover the five different classes, or isotypes, of antibodies. We will cover IgA, IgE, IgG, IgM, and IgD, as well as their basic structure and function.
10. Allotype Antibodies: Definition & Immunology
This lesson describes the meaning of allotype antibody. You will also learn how the allotypic differences between antibodies control the success of certain medical interventions.
11. Humanized Antibody: Production & Definition
Lab-made antibodies, produced in mice, are used medically to help treat diseases. Mouse antibodies aren't compatible with human immune systems, so humanized antibodies are produced instead.
12. Antigenicity: Definition & Explanation
Antigenicity defines how well something initiates an immune response. Antigens can activate B cells and T cells, which will then protect the body from pathogens. Sometimes, parts of one's own body can be antigenic, resulting in autoimmunity.
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