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- Describe the different functional groups of organic molecules.
- Describe the structures and functions of lipids, carbohydrates and proteins.
- Take a look at the primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures of proteins.
1. Introduction to Organic Molecules I: Functional Groups
If you've ever wondered what gives vinegar that sour flavor, you may not realize that you have contemplated functional groups. View this lesson for an introduction to organic chemistry, functional groups and how they are part of your daily life.
2. Introduction to Organic Molecules II: Monomers and Polymers
From everyday man-made items like milk jugs and styrofoam to natural proteins and plant materials, the world is full of polymers! Check out this lesson to learn how polymers are constructed on a molecular level.
3. Structure and Function of Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates are found in many foods that we eat and may be found as sugars, starches, or fiber. Learn more about these three distinct types of carbohydrates, and how they are distinguished through their chemical structures in this lesson.
4. Structure and Function of Lipids
Molecules called lipids have long hydrocarbon chains that determine the way they act. They can be fats, oils, or hormones, and even exist in our cell membranes. Learn more about the chemical structure and biological function of various lipids in this lesson.
5. Proteins I: Structure and Function
We need our proteins, not just as a major food group but for the many useful roles that they play in our bodies. In our introductory lesson to proteins, you'll learn about the many functions we rely on them to perform.
6. Proteins III: Structure and Characteristics of the 20 Amino Acids
How do amino acids form the intricate polypeptide chains found in proteins? It's a matter of chemistry. Join glycine, a special amino acid, as she sizes up the other amino acids.
7. Proteins II: Amino Acids, Polymerization and Peptide Bonds
In this lesson, we'll take a deeper look at amino acids. You'll learn what makes a peptide, and what separates a protein from other kinds of amino acid bonds.
8. Proteins IV: Primary, Secondary, Tertiary and Quaternary Structure
How is progressing through higher order protein structures like crafting an essay? In this lesson, you'll explore everything from quaternary structures to denaturation as we show how the different structures are intertwined.
9. Hydroxyl Group: Definition, Structure & Formula
In this lesson, we will define the term 'functional group' and talk specifically about the hydroxyl functional group. We will discuss the hydroxyl group's structure and formula and look at an example.
10. Pyrimidines: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, you'll learn about the important functions of pyrimidines and discover why these compounds are essential to life. You'll also learn how to identify molecules containing pyrimidines.
11. Transport Proteins: Definition, Types, Function & Examples
Transport proteins are used in various ways to move substances back and forth across the cell membrane. This lesson will discuss the different types, their functions, and examples of each.
12. Aldol Condensation: Mechanism & Reaction
Use this lesson to learn about aldol condensation, a very interesting organic chemistry reaction. Read about the purpose of an aldol condensation and understand its mechanism and reaction.
13. Alkaloid Extraction: Definition & Methods
In this lesson we will learn about in important class of natural products known as alkaloids, and get a brief introduction into how these compounds can be isolated from their natural sources.
14. Alkoxy Group: Definition & Overview
Derived from the alkyl group, alkoxy is an interesting functional group. Discover what the alkoxy group is and how to identify it in different compounds. Then test your expertise by taking a short quiz at the end of this lesson.
15. Alkyl Group: Definition & Overview
Explore this lesson to learn about a fascinating organic functional group called the alkyl group. Discover what alkyl groups are and how to identify one in an organic chemical structure.
16. Alpha Carbon: Acidity & Reactions
In this lesson we will learn about the alpha carbon. We will learn what the alpha carbon is and what makes it more acidic than other carbons, and we will see some reactions in which the alpha carbon participates.
17. Amylopectin: Structure & Function
A type of starch with a unique structure, amylopectin is one fascinating molecule. Read this lesson to explore the structure and function of amylopectin. Don't forget to test your knowledge at the end of the lesson by taking a short quiz.
18. Amino Acid Side Chains: Function & Examples
Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins and vary based on their side chains. This lesson will discuss the side chains of various amino acids and how they are biochemically important.
19. What Is an Alkaloid? - Definition & Examples
In this lesson, we'll go over what alkaloids are and where they are found in nature. Then we'll give some important examples in medicine and psychotropic drugs.
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