Ch 20: AP Biology - Reproductive Systems Anatomy & Physiology: Homeschool Curriculum

About This Chapter

The Reproductive Systems Anatomy and Physiology unit of this AP Biology Homeschool course is designed to help homeschooled students learn about the organs and functions of the male and female reproductive systems. Parents can use the short videos to introduce topics, break up lessons and keep students engaged.

Who's it for?

This unit of our AP Biology Homeschool course will benefit any student who is trying to learn about the anatomy and physiology of the reproductive system. There is no faster or easier way to learn about biology. Among those who would benefit are:

  • Students who require an efficient, self-paced course of study to learn about the roles of the ductus deferens, the uterine tubes and the epididymis.
  • Homeschool parents looking to spend less time preparing lessons and more time teaching.
  • Homeschool parents who need a biology curriculum that appeals to multiple learning types (visual or auditory).
  • Gifted students and students with learning differences.

How it works:

  • Students watch a short, fun video lesson that covers a specific unit topic.
  • Students and parents can refer to the video transcripts to reinforce learning.
  • Short quizzes and a reproductive systems anatomy and physiology unit exam confirm understanding or identify any topics that require review.

Reproductive Systems Anatomy and Physiology Unit Objectives:

  • Discover the function of the anatomical organs and spermatic cords.
  • Study the location of accessory glands and seminal vesicles.
  • Explore terms and diagrams related to testicular anatomy, including the seminiferous tubules.
  • Study parts of the external anatomy such as the cremaster reflex.
  • Learn about sperm's journey to the urethra.
  • Discuss the structures of the HPG axis.
  • Study the internal anatomy of the female reproductive system.
  • Examine the structure of the uterus and its functions.
  • Learn about the vestibular glands and the external anatomy of the female reproductive system.
  • Discover the location and glands of the female HPG axis.
  • Explore the different phases of the ovarian cycle.
  • Explain the follicular phase.
  • Discuss the luteal phase and learn about the process of ovulation.
  • Learn about the first phase of the uterine cycle.
  • Study the proliferative phase and the zones of the endometrium.
  • Explain the secretory phase.
  • Discuss the roles of the ovaries, the uterus and the brain.
  • Discover what happens from ovulation to implantation of the female egg.

19 Lessons in Chapter 20: AP Biology - Reproductive Systems Anatomy & Physiology: Homeschool Curriculum
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Male Reproductive System: Functions, Organs & Anatomy

1. Male Reproductive System: Functions, Organs & Anatomy

Ever wonder what the inside of a male looks like? Find out in this lesson that explores the inner workings of the male reproductive system and the pathway that sperm takes.

Male Reproductive System: Accessory Gland Functions

2. Male Reproductive System: Accessory Gland Functions

Males require a number of different glands to aid in the production of semen. Find out more about those glands in this lesson covering the male accessory glands.

Testicular Anatomy: Structure, Terms & Diagrams

3. Testicular Anatomy: Structure, Terms & Diagrams

Ever wonder about where sperm is made? Find out in this lesson covering the function and anatomy of the male testes. We'll talk about sperm and testosterone production and how the two work together.

Male Reproductive System: External Anatomy

4. Male Reproductive System: External Anatomy

Learn about the structure and function of the external reproductive structures of the male. This includes study of the scrotal sac, the parts of the penis and the erectile tissues.

Sperm's Journey from the Testes to Urethral Orifice

5. Sperm's Journey from the Testes to Urethral Orifice

Follow newly created sperm as they make their way from their origin of creation, the male testes, all the way to the exit of the male reproductive tract.

The HPG Axis: Hormones of Male Reproduction

6. The HPG Axis: Hormones of Male Reproduction

Do you know how your body communicates? How does the brain get in touch with other parts of the body? In this lesson, you will learn about how the male's brain uses hormones to communicate to the testes as a way of regulating reproduction.

Female Reproductive System: Internal Anatomy

7. Female Reproductive System: Internal Anatomy

Ever wonder where a female produces her eggs or how they get from the ovary to the uterus? Find out in this lesson about the internal reproductive anatomy of females.

The Uterus and Uterine Wall: Structure and Parts

8. The Uterus and Uterine Wall: Structure and Parts

Learn all about the structure responsible for the development of babies in this lesson on uterine anatomy. Discover the three layers of the uterus and each layer's purpose.

External Anatomy of the Female Reproductive System

9. External Anatomy of the Female Reproductive System

We all know that men and women are different. But just how different are they? Learn a little more about the differences between men and women in this lesson on female external reproductive anatomy.

HPG Axis: Hormonal Control of the Ovarian Cycle

10. HPG Axis: Hormonal Control of the Ovarian Cycle

Everything in the female reproductive system is connected. See how the brain interacts with the ovaries during the female's ovarian cycle in this lesson covering the female HPG axis.

Phases of The Ovarian Cycle: Overview from Puberty to Menopause

11. Phases of The Ovarian Cycle: Overview from Puberty to Menopause

Just like the human body has to grow and mature before it is ready to reproduce the female's gamete, the egg also has to grow and mature. This lesson will introduce the process through which that occurs, the ovarian cycle.

Follicular Phase of the Ovarian Cycle

12. Follicular Phase of the Ovarian Cycle

The female gamete, the oocyte, grows and matures in a process known as the ovarian cycle. Learn about the first part of the ovarian cycle, the follicular phase, in this lesson.

Luteal Phase of the Ovarian Cycle

13. Luteal Phase of the Ovarian Cycle

Each month, the ovaries recruit and mature a subset of oocytes in preparation for ovulation. Learn what happens after ovulation occurs in the second phase of the ovarian cycle, known as the luteal phase.

The Uterine Cycle: Phases and Endometrial Changes

14. The Uterine Cycle: Phases and Endometrial Changes

Just like a woman's ovaries go through the monthly cycle of recruiting eggs, her uterus also goes through a monthly cycle as it prepares for the possible implantation of a fertilized egg. This lesson will introduce you to the phases and hormones of the female's uterine cycle.

The Uterine Cycle: Menses

15. The Uterine Cycle: Menses

Each month the female's uterus prepares for the potential of pregnancy. However, pregnancy doesn't occur the majority of the time. In those months, the female's uterus has to 'reset' itself for the next month. It does that during the first phase of the uterine cycle, menses.

The Uterine Cycle: Proliferative Phase

16. The Uterine Cycle: Proliferative Phase

A woman's body goes through many changes as it prepares for the possibility of pregnancy. Learn about how the uterus prepares for pregnancy by building up its inner lining during this lesson on the proliferative phase of the uterine cycle.

The Uterine Cycle: Secretory Phase

17. The Uterine Cycle: Secretory Phase

The third (and final) phase of the uterine cycle is the secretory phase. During this phase, the uterine tissue regrowth is completed in preparation for the possibility of pregnancy and the implantation of a fertilized egg.

The Female Reproductive Axis: Coordination of the Brain, Ovaries & Uterus

18. The Female Reproductive Axis: Coordination of the Brain, Ovaries & Uterus

Without proper communication between the brain, ovaries and uterus, reproduction might not be as efficient. Learn about how these organs work together to ensure the body is ready for reproduction.

Ovulation to Implantation: Oocyte's Path through Uterine Tubes

19. Ovulation to Implantation: Oocyte's Path through Uterine Tubes

Follow the female's egg as it leaves the ovary and travels down the uterine tube on its way to the uterus - all with hopes of meeting up with a male's sperm along the way.

Chapter Practice Exam
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