About This Chapter
How it works:
- Begin your assignment or other AP chemistry work.
- Identify the acids, bases and chemical reactions concepts that you're stuck on.
- Find fun videos on the topics you need to understand.
- Press play, watch and learn!
- Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
- As needed, submit a question to one of our instructors for personalized support.
Who's it for?
This chapter of our AP chemistry tutoring solution will benefit any student who is trying to learn about acids, bases and chemical reactions and earn better grades. This resource can help students including those who:
- Struggle with understanding decomposition, dissociation constant, pH scale, coordination chemistry, redox reactions, half-cell reactions or any other acids, bases and chemical reactions topic
- Have limited time for studying
- Want a cost effective way to supplement their science learning
- Prefer learning science visually
- Find themselves failing or close to failing their acids, bases and chemical reactions unit
- Cope with ADD or ADHD
- Want to get ahead in AP chemistry
- Don't have access to their science teacher outside of class
Why it works:
- Engaging Tutors: We make learning about acids, bases and chemical reactions simple and fun.
- Cost Efficient: For less than 20% of the cost of a private tutor, you'll have unlimited access 24/7.
- Consistent High Quality: Unlike a live AP chemistry tutor, these video lessons are thoroughly reviewed.
- Convenient: Imagine a tutor as portable as your laptop, tablet or smartphone. Learn about acids, bases and chemical reactions on the go!
- Learn at Your Pace: You can pause and rewatch lessons as often as you'd like, until you master the material.
- Predict the products of decomposition and synthesis reactions.
- Become familiar with the Arrhenius and Bronsted-Lowry definitions of acids and bases.
- Discuss the neutralization process for acid-base reactions.
- Describe the autoionization of water.
- Calculate the pH or pOH of a solution.
- Explain why salt solutions can be acidic or basic.
- List the properties of weak acids and weak bases.
- Provide examples of acid and base anhydrides.
- Learn how bonding occurs in coordinated compounds.
- Predict the formation of precipitates in precipitation reactions.
- Assign oxidation numbers to the elements in a chemical formula.
- Balance redox reactions.
- Predict the products of single displacement reactions using the activity series.
- List the parts of an electrochemical cell.
- Learn how to write anode and cathode half-cell reactions.
- Write and balance combustion reactions.
1. Decomposition and Synthesis Reactions
Learn how to write, identify and predict the products of simple synthesis and decomposition reactions. This includes the composition of reactions with oxygen, of two metals, and of metals with nonmetals, as well as the decomposition of metal carbonates, metal chlorates and metal hydroxides.
2. The Arrhenius Definition of Acids and Bases
In this lesson, you will learn the definition of Arrhenius acids and bases, discover some of their chemical properties and learn some examples. You will also learn about the difference between strong and weak Arrhenius acids and bases.
3. The Bronsted-Lowry and Lewis Definition of Acids and Bases
Learn the Bronsted-Lowry and Lewis definitions of an acid and base. Discover how these theories differ from each other and from the Arrhenius theory of an acid and base. Learn how to identify an acid in terms of proton donation and a base as a proton acceptor, and explain what a conjugate acid or base is.
4. Neutralization and Acid-Base Reactions
From this lesson, you will understand the neutralization process between acids and bases. Learn how a hydroxide ion from a base reacts with a hydronium ion from an acid to neutralize each other and form water. Discover what conjugate acids and bases are and what the definition of amphoteric is.
5. Dissociation Constant and Autoionization of Water
Learn the meaning of auto-ionization of water, sometimes called self-ionization, where water acts as a proton donor and acceptor to form both hydronium and hydroxide ions. Learn what the auto-ionization constant is and how to use it to determine the concentration of either hydroxide or hydronium ions in a solution when given the other value.
6. The pH Scale: Calculating the pH of a Solution
Learn the history of the pH scale, how to describe it and why it is used by scientists. Discover how to calculate the pH of an acid or base solutions given either the hydroxide ion concentration or the hydronium ion concentration. Learn how to start with the pH and calculate the hydroxide and hydronium ion concentrations.
7. Acidic & Basic Salt Solutions: Explanation & Examples
In this video lesson, you will learn how to tell if a salt solution is acidic, basic, or neutral. You will find out how to recognize the effect of individual ions in solution and how they can change the pH. A short quiz will test your knowledge.
8. Weak Acids, Weak Bases, and Buffers
This lesson covers both strong and weak acids and bases, using human blood as an example for the discussion. Other concepts discussed included conjugate acids and bases, the acidity constant, and buffer systems within the blood.
9. Acid & Base Anhydrides: Definition & Examples
In this video lesson, you will learn the definition and the types of anhydrides that form acids and bases in water. You will also discover where you can commonly find anhydrides and why they are important. A short quiz will test your knowledge.
10. Coordination Chemistry: Bonding in Coordinated Compounds
Discover what a coordinated compound is. Understand how bonding occurs in coordinated compounds and some of the possible shapes coordinated compounds can be. Learn the uses in nature and industry for coordinated compounds.
11. Precipitation Reactions: Predicting Precipitates and Net Ionic Equations
Learn what a precipitate is and predict when it will form in an aqueous chemical reaction, usually a double-replacement reaction. Learn what an ionic equation is, how it differs from a net ionic equation and how to write a net ionic equation.
12. Redox (Oxidation-Reduction) Reactions: Definitions and Examples
This short video will explain oxidation-reduction reactions, or redox reactions for short. The focus is on how electrons are transferred during redox reactions. Learn some neat mnemonic devices to help you remember when an atom is oxidizing or reducing.
13. Assigning Oxidation Numbers to Elements in a Chemical Formula
Learn the importance of oxidation in chemical reactions. Discover the rules for assigning oxidation numbers in both covalent compounds and ionic compounds. Learn how to assign the oxidation number for each element in a chemical formula.
14. Balancing Redox Reactions and Identifying Oxidizing and Reducing Agents
Learn how to identify an oxidizing agent and a reducing agent and how the loss or gain of electrons applies to each one. Learn the relationship between an oxidized or reduced substance and the oxidizing or reducing agent associated with it. Discover what steps to take to balance a redox reaction.
15. The Activity Series: Predicting Products of Single Displacement Reactions
Discover what a single replacement reaction is and how to identify it. Learn what chemical activity is, how that applies to an activity series table and how to predict the product of a single replacement reaction by referring to the activity series.
16. Electrochemical Cells and Electrochemistry
Learn to identify the parts of and be able to describe an electrochemical cell, including the electrolyte, electrodes, anodes, and cathodes. Learn how to make a homemade lemon battery and how to diagram an electrochemical cell that will light a light bulb.
17. Cathode and Anode Half-Cell Reactions
Learn how to write electrode half-reactions for cathodes and anodes. Discover how to calculate cell voltage potential when given a table of standard electrode potentials. Learn how to prevent corrosion using redox concepts and how to protect metal by cathodic protection.
18. Writing and Balancing Combustion Reactions
Discover what a combustion reaction is as well as what reactants are needed and what products are produced. Learn to write and balance a combustion reaction. Through the concepts of bond energies, learn how to explain why combustion reactions are largely exothermic.
19. H1 Antagonist: Definition & Side Effects
You've heard of antihistamines, but what about H1-receptor antagonist? They are actually one in the same! By reviewing the mechanism of action and side effects, you'll gain a firm understanding of the role antihistamines play in treating allergy-related maladies.
20. Amphipathic Molecules: Definition & Example
This lesson defines what amphipathic molecules are, reveals where they are found in nature, and explains their properties. The lesson will also discuss the biological roles of amphipathic molecules.
21. Amphiprotic Substances: Definition & Examples
In acid-base chemistry, did you know water is a very common amphiprotic substance? Explore this lesson to learn what amphiprotic is and identify different compounds classified as amphiprotic.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the AP Chemistry: Tutoring Solution course
- AP Chemistry: Experimental Laboratory Chemistry: Tutoring Solution
- AP Chemistry: Properties of Matter: Tutoring Solution
- AP Chemistry: Atomic Structure: Tutoring Solution
- AP Chemistry: The Periodic Table of Elements: Tutoring Solution
- AP Chemistry: Nuclear Chemistry: Tutoring Solution
- AP Chemistry: Bonding: Tutoring Solution
- AP Chemistry: Phase Changes for Liquids and Solids: Tutoring Solution
- AP Chemistry: Gases: Tutoring Solution
- AP Chemistry: Solutions: Tutoring Solution
- AP Chemistry: Stoichiometry and Chemical Equations: Tutoring Solution
- AP Chemistry: Equilibrium: Tutoring Solution
- AP Chemistry: Kinetics: Tutoring Solution
- AP Chemistry: Thermodynamics: Tutoring Solution
- AP Chemistry: Organic Chemistry: Tutoring Solution
- Portions of the AP Chemistry Exam: Tutoring Solution