Ch 6: AP Chemistry: Bonding: Tutoring Solution

About This Chapter

The Bonding chapter of this AP Chemistry Tutoring Solution is a flexible and affordable path to learning about bonding. These simple and fun video lessons are each about five minutes long and they teach all of the bonding methods and operations required in a typical AP chemistry course.

How it works:

  • Begin your assignment or other AP chemistry work.
  • Identify the bonding concepts that you're stuck on.
  • Find fun videos on the topics you need to understand.
  • Press play, watch and learn!
  • Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
  • As needed, submit a question to one of our instructors for personalized support.

Who's it for?

This chapter of our AP chemistry tutoring solution will benefit any student who is trying to learn bonding and earn better grades. This resource can help students including those who:

  • Struggle with understanding chemical bonds, ionic compounds, Lewis structures, hydrogen bonding, Valence Bond Theory, intramolecular bonding or any other bonding topic
  • Have limited time for studying
  • Want a cost effective way to supplement their science learning
  • Prefer learning science visually
  • Find themselves failing or close to failing their bonding unit
  • Cope with ADD or ADHD
  • Want to get ahead in AP chemistry
  • Don't have access to their science teacher outside of class

Why it works:

  • Engaging Tutors: We make learning bonding simple and fun.
  • Cost Efficient: For less than 20% of the cost of a private tutor, you'll have unlimited access 24/7.
  • Consistent High Quality: Unlike a live AP chemistry tutor, these video lessons are thoroughly reviewed.
  • Convenient: Imagine a tutor as portable as your laptop, tablet or smartphone. Learn bonding on the go!
  • Learn at Your Pace: You can pause and rewatch lessons as often as you'd like, until you master the material.

Learning Objectives

  • Describe the defining features of covalent, ionic, polar covalent and hydrogen bonds.
  • Learn how to apply the octet rule and draw Lewis structures.
  • Predict the formation of an ion and write its formula.
  • Explain how ionic compounds are formed.
  • Understand how to name any ionic compound.
  • Learn how covalent compounds are formed.
  • Draw Lewis structures for covalent compounds, polyatomic ions and resonance structures.
  • Use the periodic table to predict the bond polarity and ionic character of covalent bonds.
  • Predict the shape of a molecule using VSEPR theory.
  • Become familiar with the different types of strong intermolecular forces and weak intermolecular forces.
  • Use orbital hybridization and valence bond theory to predict the shape of a molecule.
  • Determine bond order using molecular orbital theory.
  • Explain why metals are good electrical conductors.
  • Identify organic and inorganic macromolecules.

23 Lessons in Chapter 6: AP Chemistry: Bonding: Tutoring Solution
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Chemical Bonds I: Covalent

1. Chemical Bonds I: Covalent

Mom always said that sharing is caring. This lesson will explore how electrons affect the chemical reactivity of atoms and specifically the merits of sharing electrons.

Chemical Bonds II: Ionic

2. Chemical Bonds II: Ionic

Did you know that the scientific name for table salt is sodium chloride? Find out how sodium and chlorine atoms come together to form your favorite seasoning.

Chemical Bonds III: Polar Covalent

3. Chemical Bonds III: Polar Covalent

Are you confused about how you can tell what kind of bond two atoms will form? This lesson will help you understand the difference between polar and nonpolar covalent bonds as well as how to predict how two atoms will interact.

Chemical Bonds IV: Hydrogen

4. Chemical Bonds IV: Hydrogen

This lesson defines and discusses important concepts behind hydrogen bonding. You'll learn when and why these bonds occur and which atoms are often involved.

The Octet Rule and Lewis Structures of Atoms

5. The Octet Rule and Lewis Structures of Atoms

Learn the octet rule and how it applies to electron energy levels. Identify valence electrons and learn how to determine them by looking at the periodic table. Also, discover how they pertain to the octet rule. Learn how to draw the Lewis diagram of an atom, and understand how it provides clues to chemical bonding.

Ions: Predicting Formation, Charge, and Formulas of Ions

6. Ions: Predicting Formation, Charge, and Formulas of Ions

Learn how ions are formed using the octet rule. Use the periodic table to predict the charge an atom will have when it becomes an ion. Learn whether an ion is a cation or anion and how to write the formula depending on what charge the ion has.

Ionic Compounds: Formation, Lattice Energy and Properties

7. Ionic Compounds: Formation, Lattice Energy and Properties

In this lesson, you'll learn about ionic compounds and how they form. Additionally, you'll learn the properties of ionic compounds, such as their high melting and boiling points, their ability to conduct electricity, and the fact that they form crystals.

Naming Ionic Compounds: Simple Binary, Transition Metal & Polyatomic Ion Compounds

8. Naming Ionic Compounds: Simple Binary, Transition Metal & Polyatomic Ion Compounds

An important part of dealing with chemical compounds is knowing how to refer to them. Learn how to name all ionic compounds, including simple binary compounds, compounds containing transition metals and compounds containing polyatomic ions.

Covalent Compounds: Properties, Naming & Formation

9. Covalent Compounds: Properties, Naming & Formation

Learn about covalent bonds, how covalent compounds are formed and the properties inherent to covalent compounds, such as low melting and boiling points, in this lesson. Also, learn what rules to follow to name simple covalent compounds.

Lewis Structures: Single, Double & Triple Bonds

10. Lewis Structures: Single, Double & Triple Bonds

Review what a Lewis dot diagram is and discover how to draw a Lewis dot structural formula for compounds. Learn how to represent single, double and triple bonds with lines instead of dots. Also, learn how compounds arrange themselves.

Lewis Dot Structures: Polyatomic Ions

11. Lewis Dot Structures: Polyatomic Ions

This lesson defines Lewis dot structures and explains how to draw them for molecules in step-by-step detail. We'll also explore polyatomic ions and how to draw Lewis dot structures for them.

Lewis Dot Structures: Resonance

12. Lewis Dot Structures: Resonance

In this lesson, we'll review Lewis dot structures and how to draw them. Then, learn about resonance and resonance structures for molecules and polyatomic ions. Afterwards, assess your new knowledge with a quiz.

Covalent Bonds: Predicting Bond Polarity and Ionic Character

13. Covalent Bonds: Predicting Bond Polarity and Ionic Character

Learn about covalent bonds and their two types: nonpolar covalent bonds and polar covalent bonds. Discover how to predict the type of bond that will form based on the periodic table. Learn what ionic character means and how to determine it.

VSEPR Theory & Molecule Shapes

14. VSEPR Theory & Molecule Shapes

In this lesson, you'll learn about the VSEPR theory and how it can be used to explain molecule shapes. Then, learn how to predict the shape of a molecule by applying the VSEPR theory to the Lewis dot structure.

Dipoles & Dipole Moments: Molecule Polarity

15. Dipoles & Dipole Moments: Molecule Polarity

Learn about dipoles and dipole moments in this lesson. Understand the relationship between dipole moments and molecule polarity, and learn how to determine if a molecule is polar or nonpolar.

Hydrogen Bonding, Dipole-Dipole & Ion-Dipole Forces: Strong Intermolecular Forces

16. Hydrogen Bonding, Dipole-Dipole & Ion-Dipole Forces: Strong Intermolecular Forces

Learn about intermolecular vs. intramolecular forces. Learn the different intermolecular bonds (including hydrogen bonding and dipole-dipole and ion-dipole forces), their strengths, and their effects on properties, such as boiling and melting points, solubility, and evaporation.

London Dispersion Forces (Van Der Waals Forces): Weak Intermolecular Forces

17. London Dispersion Forces (Van Der Waals Forces): Weak Intermolecular Forces

Learn how London dispersion forces are created and what effect they have on properties such as boiling and melting points. Discover this weak intermolecular force and how it is one of the Van der Waals forces.

Using Orbital Hybridization and Valence Bond Theory to Predict Molecular Shape

18. Using Orbital Hybridization and Valence Bond Theory to Predict Molecular Shape

You'll learn how to explain how shapes of molecules can be predicted using valence bond theory and hybridization. When finished, you'll understand the difference between sigma and pi bonds and how the VSEPR theory, along with the hybridization theory, helps predict the shape of a molecule.

Molecular Orbital Theory: Tutorial and Diagrams

19. Molecular Orbital Theory: Tutorial and Diagrams

Learn how to sketch the overlap of orbitals to form sigma and pi bonds. Use the molecular orbital theory to determine bond order. Discover how bond order affects bond strength and bond energy.

Metallic Bonding: The Electron-Sea Model & Why Metals Are Good Electrical Conductors

20. Metallic Bonding: The Electron-Sea Model & Why Metals Are Good Electrical Conductors

Learn why metallic bonding is called the electron sea model. Discover why metals bond the way they do and why they are shiny, malleable and conduct electricity well.

Intramolecular Bonding and Identification of Organic and Inorganic Macromolecules

21. Intramolecular Bonding and Identification of Organic and Inorganic Macromolecules

Understand what a macromolecule is and be able to identify both organic and inorganic macromolecules. Organic molecules include proteins, lipids, carbohydrates and nucleic acids.

Alkenes: Definition, Properties & Examples

22. Alkenes: Definition, Properties & Examples

Alkenes are organic compounds that are recognized by the double bonds that are present in their chemical structure. You can find alkenes in things such as rubber and plastic products that we use every day.

Trigonal Planar: Structure & Examples

23. Trigonal Planar: Structure & Examples

Chemical compounds have different 3-dimensional arrangement of their atoms, depending on the number of their bonds and electrons. In this lesson, we'll learn about the structure of a compound with trigonal planar molecular geometry.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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