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Ch 6: AP Chemistry: Bonding

About This Chapter

Watch chemical bonding video lessons and learn about bond formation, Lewis dot structure, intermolecular forces, and more. These lessons are just a portion of our AP Chemistry course.

AP Chemistry: Bonding - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

Atoms come together to form molecules, and there are different ways that bond can affect how the molecule functions. In this chapter, you'll learn all about chemical bonding, from the basic types of bond to predicting how bonds will happen. Our experienced instructors have broken down the chapter into smaller lessons that each focus on one topic in order to help you understand the complexities of this fundamental chemistry concept. You'll see how electrons factor in to bonding and the many types of forces acting within and between molecules. This chapter is designed to teach you:

  • How to draw diagrams to show bonding in molecules
  • The types of bonds and what effect they have
  • The polar forces acting on atoms and molecules
  • How to predict bonds using the periodic table

VideoObjective
Chemical Bonds I: CovalentUnderstand this type of bond that involves the sharing of pairs of electrons between atoms.
Chemical Bonds II: IonicLearn about bonds that form between two oppositely-charged ions and the vocabulary associated with this bonding.
Chemical Bonds III: Polar CovalentExplore bonds that share electrons and result in a difference in electronegativity of the molecule.
Chemical Bonds IV: HydrogenExamine the electromagnetic attraction of a polar hydrogen atom in a molecule to a polar atom.
The Octet Rule and Lewis Structures of AtomsDiscover how to write molecular diagrams with Lewis dots and how many electrons are shared.
Ions: Predicting Formation, Charge, and Formulas of IonsUnderstand how to predict the charge that an atom will have when it becomes an ion.
Ionic Compounds: Formation, Lattice Energy, and PropertiesLearn about the energy contained in the ionic bonds of a compound and how that holds compounds together.
Naming Ionic Compounds: Simple Binary, Transition Metal, and Polyatomic Ion CompoundsExplore the way to name and write the formula for ionic compounds of all types.
Covalent Compounds: Properties, Naming, and FormationExamine how covalent compounds are formed and the properties they exhibit.
Lewis Structures: Single, Double, and Triple BondsDiscover the way to draw Lewis structures with more complex types of bonds.
Lewis Dot Structures: Polyatomic Ions and Resonance StructuresTake a look at drawing diagrams for molecules that require more than one Lewis formula.
Covalent Bonds: Predicting Bond Polarity and Ionic CharacterUnderstand how to use the periodic table to determine the polarity of a bond.
VSEPR Theory and Dipole MomentsLearn how to use this theory based on electron pair repulsion to predict the shapes of molecules.
Hydrogen Bonding, Dipole-Dipole, and Ion-Dipole Forces: Strong Intermolecular ForcesExplore these forces and their effects on properties like boiling and melting points.
London Dispersion Forces (Van Der Waal's Forces): Weak Intermolecular ForcesExamine the movement of electrons in interacting molecules and how this affects properties.
Using Orbital Hybridization and Valence Bond Theory to Predict Molecular ShapeDiscover how shapes of molecules can be predicted using valance bond theory and hybridization.
Molecular Orbital Theory: Tutorial and DiagramsTake a look at sketching the overlap of orbitals to form sigma and pi bonds and determine bond order.
Metallic Bonding: The Electron-Sea Model and Why Metals Are Good Electrical ConductorsUnderstand the electron-sea model, how it affects metallic bonding, and why metals have the properties they are known for.
Intramolecular Bonding and Identification of Organic and Inorganic MacromoleculesLearn about the bonding that takes place in larger structures and how to identify different types of macromolecules.
Organic Molecules: Alkanes, Alkenes, Aromatic Hydrocarbons and IsomersExplore the differing structures of these organic molecules and how one formula can have different structures.
Functional Groups in Organic MoleculesExamine the functional groups that help us to define certain types of organic molecules.

15 Lessons in Chapter 6: AP Chemistry: Bonding
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Chemical Bonds I: Covalent

1. Chemical Bonds I: Covalent

Mom always said that sharing is caring. This lesson will explore how electrons affect the chemical reactivity of atoms and specifically the merits of sharing electrons.

Chemical Bonds II: Ionic

2. Chemical Bonds II: Ionic

Did you know that the scientific name for table salt is sodium chloride? Find out how sodium and chlorine atoms come together to form your favorite seasoning.

Chemical Bonds III: Polar Covalent

3. Chemical Bonds III: Polar Covalent

Are you confused about how you can tell what kind of bond two atoms will form? This lesson will help you understand the difference between polar and nonpolar covalent bonds as well as how to predict how two atoms will interact.

Chemical Bonds IV: Hydrogen

4. Chemical Bonds IV: Hydrogen

This lesson defines and discusses important concepts behind hydrogen bonding. You'll learn when and why these bonds occur and which atoms are often involved.

Ions: Predicting Formation, Charge, and Formulas of Ions

5. Ions: Predicting Formation, Charge, and Formulas of Ions

Learn how ions are formed using the octet rule. Use the periodic table to predict the charge an atom will have when it becomes an ion. Learn whether an ion is a cation or anion and how to write the formula depending on what charge the ion has.

Ionic Compounds: Formation, Lattice Energy and Properties

6. Ionic Compounds: Formation, Lattice Energy and Properties

In this lesson, you'll learn about ionic compounds and how they form. Additionally, you'll learn the properties of ionic compounds, such as their high melting and boiling points, their ability to conduct electricity, and the fact that they form crystals.

Naming Ionic Compounds: Simple Binary, Transition Metal & Polyatomic Ion Compounds

7. Naming Ionic Compounds: Simple Binary, Transition Metal & Polyatomic Ion Compounds

An important part of dealing with chemical compounds is knowing how to refer to them. Learn how to name all ionic compounds, including simple binary compounds, compounds containing transition metals and compounds containing polyatomic ions.

Covalent Compounds: Properties, Naming & Formation

8. Covalent Compounds: Properties, Naming & Formation

Learn about covalent bonds, how covalent compounds are formed and the properties inherent to covalent compounds, such as low melting and boiling points, in this lesson. Also, learn what rules to follow to name simple covalent compounds.

Covalent Bonds: Predicting Bond Polarity and Ionic Character

9. Covalent Bonds: Predicting Bond Polarity and Ionic Character

Learn about covalent bonds and their two types: nonpolar covalent bonds and polar covalent bonds. Discover how to predict the type of bond that will form based on the periodic table. Learn what ionic character means and how to determine it.

Dipoles & Dipole Moments: Molecule Polarity

10. Dipoles & Dipole Moments: Molecule Polarity

Learn about dipoles and dipole moments in this lesson. Understand the relationship between dipole moments and molecule polarity, and learn how to determine if a molecule is polar or nonpolar.

Hydrogen Bonding, Dipole-Dipole & Ion-Dipole Forces: Strong Intermolecular Forces

11. Hydrogen Bonding, Dipole-Dipole & Ion-Dipole Forces: Strong Intermolecular Forces

Learn about intermolecular vs. intramolecular forces. Learn the different intermolecular bonds (including hydrogen bonding and dipole-dipole and ion-dipole forces), their strengths, and their effects on properties, such as boiling and melting points, solubility, and evaporation.

London Dispersion Forces (Van Der Waals Forces): Weak Intermolecular Forces

12. London Dispersion Forces (Van Der Waals Forces): Weak Intermolecular Forces

Learn how London dispersion forces are created and what effect they have on properties such as boiling and melting points. Discover this weak intermolecular force and how it is one of the Van der Waals forces.

Metallic Bonding: The Electron-Sea Model & Why Metals Are Good Electrical Conductors

13. Metallic Bonding: The Electron-Sea Model & Why Metals Are Good Electrical Conductors

Learn why metallic bonding is called the electron sea model. Discover why metals bond the way they do and why they are shiny, malleable and conduct electricity well.

Intramolecular Bonding and Identification of Organic and Inorganic Macromolecules

14. Intramolecular Bonding and Identification of Organic and Inorganic Macromolecules

Understand what a macromolecule is and be able to identify both organic and inorganic macromolecules. Organic molecules include proteins, lipids, carbohydrates and nucleic acids.

Coordination Chemistry: Bonding in Coordinated Compounds

15. Coordination Chemistry: Bonding in Coordinated Compounds

Discover what a coordinated compound is. Understand how bonding occurs in coordinated compounds and some of the possible shapes coordinated compounds can be. Learn the uses in nature and industry for coordinated compounds.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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