About This Chapter
AP Chemistry: Nuclear Chemistry - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Nuclear chemistry involves the study of elements and molecules that exhibit radioactivity and nuclear reactions. In this chapter, your instructor explains nuclear decay particles, nuclear equations, and nuclear reactions. You'll learn about the half-lives of radioactive elements and how to calculate various nuclear processes. The lessons each focus on one aspect of nuclear chemistry, from balancing equations to the concept of mass defect. After completing this chapter, you should be able to:
- Define nuclear reactions like fusion, fission, and carbon decay
- Balance nuclear equations and predict their products
- Perform calculations using half-life numbers
- Describe the effects of radiation on atoms
|Types of Radioactive Decay and Their Effect on the Nucleus||Learn how radioactive decay works via effects on the nucleus and shielding requirements.|
|Balancing Nuclear Equations and Predicting the Product of the Nuclear Reaction||Understand how to balance an equation with nuclear elements and predict the product of those equations.|
|Half-life: Calculating Radioactive Decay and Interpreting Decay Graphs||Explore how to make calculations involving half-lives and use a graph to determine the half-life of a radioactive sample.|
|Mass-Energy Conversion, Mass Defect, and Nuclear Binding Energy||Examine the relationship between mass and energy as well as the concepts of mass defect and nuclear binding energy.|
|Fusion, Fission, Carbon Dating, Tracers, and Imaging: Applications of Nuclear Chemistry||Discover the ways in which scientists can use radioactive elements and reactions.|
1. Types of Radioactive Decay and Their Effect on the Nucleus
What is meant by the term 'radioactive'? In this lesson we will break down the three main types of nuclear decay particles and discuss their composition, their effect on the nucleus, and their applications.
2. Balancing Nuclear Equations & Predicting the Product of a Nuclear Reaction
When a radioactive particle gives off radiation, what happens to the particle? This lesson will explain the three major types of radiation and what effect they have on the decaying atom.
3. Half-life: Calculating Radioactive Decay and Interpreting Decay Graphs
What causes a radioactive particle to decay? We'll never really know, but our best guess lies in probability. In this lesson, we are going to focus on the half-life, a way of measuring the probability that a particle will react.
4. Mass-Energy Conversion, Mass Defect and Nuclear Binding Energy
When you hear the term 'nuclear power,' what comes to mind? Do you know where that energy and power is coming from? In this lesson, we are going to zoom in on the nucleus of a helium atom to explain how something as small as a nucleus can produce an extremely large amount of energy.
5. Fusion, Fission, Carbon Dating, Tracers & Imaging: Applications of Nuclear Chemistry
What can the sun do that we can't? How do carbon atoms 'date'? Are radioactive isotopes helpful in the medical field? The answers to these questions can be found in this lesson on the applications of nuclear chemistry.
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Other chapters within the AP Chemistry: Exam Prep course
- AP Chemistry: Experimental Laboratory Chemistry
- AP Chemistry: Properties of Matter
- AP Chemistry: Atomic Structure
- AP Chemistry: The Periodic Table of Elements
- AP Chemistry: Bonding
- AP Chemistry: Phase Changes for Liquids and Solids
- AP Chemistry: Gases
- AP Chemistry: Solutions
- AP Chemistry: Stoichiometry and Chemical Equations
- AP Chemistry: Acids, Bases and Chemical Reactions
- AP Chemistry: Equilibrium
- AP Chemistry: Kinetics
- AP Chemistry: Thermodynamics
- AP Chemistry: Organic Chemistry
- Portions of the AP Chemistry Exam
- AP Chemistry Flashcards