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- Describe the properties of solids and liquids using kinetic molecular theory.
- Identify the critical point, triple point and phase equilibrium boundaries on a phase diagram.
- Discuss the different types of phase changes.
- Explain how the phase diagram for water differs from that of other substances.
- Learn how to interpret heating curves.
- Become familiar with the different types of crystal structures.
1. The Kinetic Molecular Theory: Properties of Solids and Liquids
This lesson explores the kinetic molecular theory and how it pertains to the properties of solids and liquids. You'll learn the properties of solids and liquids, discover the types of intermolecular attractions that occur between them and gain an understanding how phase changes happen.
2. Phase Diagrams: Critical Point, Triple Point and Phase Equilibrium Boundaries
Learn what a phase diagram is and how to interpret phase diagrams. Discover how to use a phase diagram to locate the phase equilibrium boundaries. Also, learn what a triple point and critical point are and how to locate them on a phase diagram.
3. Phase Change: Evaporation, Condensation, Freezing, Melting, Sublimation & Deposition
Substances on Earth can exist in one of four phases, but mostly, they exist in one of three: solid, liquid or gas. Learn the six changes of phase: freezing, melting, condensation, vaporization, sublimation and deposition.
4. Phase Changes and Heating Curves
Learn the phases - gas, liquid, solid and plasma. Learn what a phase diagram is and what terms describe the movement between phases: melting, sublimating, freezing, vaporization, condensation, and deposition. Discover why heating curves have plateaus, what a phase transition is, and what happens during this transition.
5. Crystal Structures and the Unit Cell
This crystallography lesson explores the structure and properties of crystals. You'll learn about the parts of a crystal structure, types of crystals and patterns created by unit cells.
6. Boiling Definition in Chemistry
In this lesson we will learn what boiling means in chemistry and how it changes depending on atmospheric conditions. We will also learn how the boiling point changes based on what element is being boiled.
7. Heat of Fusion & Heat of Vaporization: Definitions & Equations
When a substance changes states, like from a solid to a liquid, a lot is happening. This lesson will examine the heat of fusion and the heat of vaporization. It will also explain both formulas.
8. Phase Diagram of Water vs Other Substances: Differences & Meaning
Phase diagrams give scientists specific information about how phase changes occur at different pressures and temperatures. This lesson examines phase diagrams, focusing on water and how it's a little different from most other substances.
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Other chapters within the AP Chemistry: Tutoring Solution course
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- AP Chemistry: Gases: Tutoring Solution
- AP Chemistry: Solutions: Tutoring Solution
- AP Chemistry: Stoichiometry and Chemical Equations: Tutoring Solution
- AP Chemistry: Acids, Bases and Chemical Reactions: Tutoring Solution
- AP Chemistry: Equilibrium: Tutoring Solution
- AP Chemistry: Kinetics: Tutoring Solution
- AP Chemistry: Thermodynamics: Tutoring Solution
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