About This Chapter
AP Chemistry: Properties of Matter - Chapter Summary
Matter is all around us and can be interacted with in various ways. In this chapter, you'll learn about the states of matter - gas, liquid, and solid - and what types of changes can happen to matter in these states. The brief lessons are a quick way to get caught up on these topics, and the quizzes are a way to test your readiness for related exam questions. After completing this chapter, you should be able to answer questions about the following topics on the AP Chemistry exam:
- Understanding the physical and chemical properties of matter
- Differentiating between chemical and physical properties
- Explaining ways to separate mixtures
- Exploring titrations of strong and weak acids/bases
- Calculating titration curves
- Discussing the implications of Beer's law
- Using spectrophotometry to understand Beer's law
1. Matter: Physical and Chemical Properties
How are substances identified? There are two major ways we can describe a substance: physical properties and chemical properties. Learn about how chemists use properties to classify matter as either a mixture or a pure substance.
2. States of Matter and Chemical Versus Physical Changes to Matter
The world around us is constantly changing. Chemists put those changes into two main categories: physical changes and chemical changes. This lesson will define and provide examples of each.
3. Chromatography, Distillation and Filtration: Methods of Separating Mixtures
What are some ways that mixtures can be separated? Watch this video to explore several examples of ways you can separate a mixture into its individual components.
4. Titration: Overview, Curves & Calculations
Titrations are useful to determine the molarity of a sample or a compound in a sample. We will learn how to perform a titration and how to calculate the molarity of a sample based on the titration.
5. Titration of a Strong Acid or a Strong Base
Discover what titration is and how to calculate the concentration of an acid or base that has been titrated to equivalence. Learn the meaning of titrant, standard solution and equivalence point. Study titration curves and learn how to determine pH during any point of a titration between a strong acid and strong base.
6. Titrations with Weak Acids or Weak Bases
Learn about titrations with weak acids or weak bases in this lesson. Study their titration curves and learn about some of their important characteristics. Learn how to calculate pH during titrations involving weak acids and strong bases.
7. Beer's Law: Absorbance & Concentration
Beer's Law relates the absorbency of a substance to its chemical concentration. In this lesson, we'll review light transmittance and absorbance and how Beer's Law is used to determine chemical concentrations.
8. How to Use Spectrophotometry to Understand Beer's Law
In this lesson, we'll learn about Beer's Law and how to use spectrophotometry to determine either molar absorbance or concentration in the Beer's Law equation.
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Other chapters within the AP Chemistry: Exam Prep course
- AP Chemistry: Experimental Laboratory Chemistry
- AP Chemistry: Atomic Structure
- AP Chemistry: The Periodic Table of Elements
- AP Chemistry: Nuclear Chemistry
- AP Chemistry: Bonding
- AP Chemistry: Phase Changes for Liquids and Solids
- AP Chemistry: Gases
- AP Chemistry: Solutions
- AP Chemistry: Stoichiometry and Chemical Equations
- AP Chemistry: Equilibrium
- AP Chemistry: Kinetics
- AP Chemistry: Thermodynamics
- Portions of the AP Chemistry Exam
- AP Chemistry Flashcards