About This Chapter
AP Chemistry: Properties of Matter - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Matter is all around us and can be interacted with in various ways. In this chapter, you'll learn about the states of matter - gas, liquid, and solid - and what types of changes can happen to matter in these states. Our instructors have broken down this chapter into lessons that focus on chemical definitions of matter and techniques for separating or determining combinations of matter. The video lessons use examples to teach you chemistry fundamentals, like Beer's law. After completing this chapter, you should be able to:
- Define the states of matter
- Differentiate between chemical and physical properties
- Explain ways to separate mixtures
- Discuss the implications of Beer's law
|Matter: Physical and Chemical Properties||Learn the difference between physical and chemical properties and how we can define different types of matter.|
|States of Matter and Chemical Versus Physical Changes to Matter||Explore the differences between gases, liquids, and solids and the ways in which certain changes affect matter.|
|Chromatography, Distillation, and Filtration: Methods of Separating Mixtures||Look at these three techniques that separate mixtures and learn how to choose the most appropriate method.|
|Titration: Measuring Concentration||Examine this method that uses known volumes to determine unknown concentrations of solutes.|
|Beer's Law: Understanding the Relationship Between Absorbence and Concentration||Understand this law that relates light absorption to the properties of matter.|
1. Matter: Physical and Chemical Properties
How are substances identified? There are two major ways we can describe a substance: physical properties and chemical properties. Learn about how chemists use properties to classify matter as either a mixture or a pure substance.
2. States of Matter and Chemical Versus Physical Changes to Matter
The world around us is constantly changing. Chemists put those changes into two main categories: physical changes and chemical changes. This lesson will define and provide examples of each.
3. Chromatography, Distillation and Filtration: Methods of Separating Mixtures
What are some ways that mixtures can be separated? Watch this video to explore several examples of ways you can separate a mixture into its individual components.
4. Titration of a Strong Acid or a Strong Base
Discover what titration is and how to calculate the concentration of an acid or base that has been titrated to equivalence. Learn the meaning of titrant, standard solution and equivalence point. Study titration curves and learn how to determine pH during any point of a titration between a strong acid and strong base.
5. Titrations with Weak Acids or Weak Bases
Learn about titrations with weak acids or weak bases in this lesson. Study their titration curves and learn about some of their important characteristics. Learn how to calculate pH during titrations involving weak acids and strong bases.
6. Beer's Law: Absorbance & Concentration
Beer's Law relates the absorbency of a substance to its chemical concentration. In this lesson, we'll review light transmittance and absorbance and how Beer's Law is used to determine chemical concentrations.
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Other chapters within the AP Chemistry: Exam Prep course
- AP Chemistry: Experimental Laboratory Chemistry
- AP Chemistry: Atomic Structure
- AP Chemistry: The Periodic Table of Elements
- AP Chemistry: Nuclear Chemistry
- AP Chemistry: Bonding
- AP Chemistry: Phase Changes for Liquids and Solids
- AP Chemistry: Gases
- AP Chemistry: Solutions
- AP Chemistry: Stoichiometry and Chemical Equations
- AP Chemistry: Acids, Bases and Chemical Reactions
- AP Chemistry: Equilibrium
- AP Chemistry: Kinetics
- AP Chemistry: Thermodynamics
- AP Chemistry: Organic Chemistry
- Portions of the AP Chemistry Exam
- AP Chemistry Flashcards