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- Write and balance chemical equations.
- Learn how to write mole-to-mole calculations.
- Perform mass-to-mass stoichiometric calculations.
- Make stoichiometric calculations that involve gases and solutions.
- Identify limiting reactants and calculate excess reactants.
- Use limiting reactants to calculate reaction yield and percentage yield.
- Determine the percent composition of an element in a compound.
- Find the chemical formula of a hydrate.
1. Chemical Reactions and Balancing Chemical Equations
In this lesson, you'll learn how to balance a chemical reaction equation using the conservation of matter law. You'll also learn how to write both word and formula equations, what the subscripts after a letter mean and what the numbers in front of compounds mean.
2. Mole-to-Mole Ratios and Calculations of a Chemical Equation
Learn what a mole ratio is and how to determine and write the mole ratio relating two substances in a chemical equation in this video lesson. Also, learn to make mole-to-mole calculations and solve problems involving moles of substances.
3. Mass-to-Mass Stoichiometric Calculations
Learn how to set up and make mole to mass, mass to mole and mass to mass stoichiometric calculations. Learn how the ratios of moles helps you compare and make calculations. Learn how to relate mole ratios to molar mass.
4. Stoichiometry: Calculating Relative Quantities in a Gas or Solution
In this lesson, learn about molar volume and how to set up and make stoichiometric calculations with gases. Then learn about solution stoichiometry and how to make stoichiometric calculations with solutions.
5. Limiting Reactants & Calculating Excess Reactants
In this lesson, you'll learn what limiting reactant and excess reactant mean and how to determine which reactant is limiting in a chemical reaction when given the amount of each reactant. You'll also discover how to calculate the amount of product produced.
6. Calculating Reaction Yield and Percentage Yield from a Limiting Reactant
Learn what the theoretical yield, actual yield and percent yield are. Given the limiting reactant, learn how to calculate the theoretical reaction yield, which is also known as the ideal reaction yield and percentage yield.
7. Calculating Percent Composition and Determining Empirical Formulas
Learn the difference between the empirical formula and chemical formula. Learn how to calculate the percent composition of an element in a compound. Learn how, if given a percent composition, to determine the empirical formula for a compound.
8. Hydrates: Determining the Chemical Formula From Empirical Data
Learn the definition of a hydrate and an anhydrate in this lesson. Discover how, when given experimental data, you can determine the formula of a hydrate by following simple steps that include finding the moles of hydrate and anhydrate and comparing the two to write the formula.
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Other chapters within the AP Chemistry: Tutoring Solution course
- AP Chemistry: Experimental Laboratory Chemistry: Tutoring Solution
- AP Chemistry: Properties of Matter: Tutoring Solution
- AP Chemistry: Atomic Structure: Tutoring Solution
- AP Chemistry: The Periodic Table of Elements: Tutoring Solution
- AP Chemistry: Nuclear Chemistry: Tutoring Solution
- AP Chemistry: Bonding: Tutoring Solution
- AP Chemistry: Phase Changes for Liquids and Solids: Tutoring Solution
- AP Chemistry: Gases: Tutoring Solution
- AP Chemistry: Solutions: Tutoring Solution
- AP Chemistry: Acids, Bases and Chemical Reactions: Tutoring Solution
- AP Chemistry: Equilibrium: Tutoring Solution
- AP Chemistry: Kinetics: Tutoring Solution
- AP Chemistry: Thermodynamics: Tutoring Solution
- AP Chemistry: Organic Chemistry: Tutoring Solution
- Portions of the AP Chemistry Exam: Tutoring Solution