About This Chapter
AP English: Grammar Review - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
The English language has an abundance of specific grammar rules, and errors in your writing can result in a bad impression. In this chapter, you'll the basics of sentence structure, parts of speech, and how to write with proper grammar. Our instructors use examples to help you understand complicated grammatical concepts like parallelism and dangling modifiers. You'll learn grammar rules that will not only help you avoid mistakes but also improve your writing. This chapter is designed to teach you:
- How to ensure subject-verb agreement
- The correct use of punctuation
- What the parts of a sentence are
- How to create complex sentences
|What Are Nouns? - Definition, Types, and Examples||Learn about people, places, things, and ideas - the nouns that verbs act on.|
|What Are Pronouns? - Types, Examples, and Definition||Understand indefinite, possessive, interrogative, and other types of pronouns.|
|What Are Personal Pronouns?||Explore the use of personal pronouns and the problem of case shift.|
|Action, Linking, and Auxiliary Verbs||Learn about these types of verbs and how to use them properly.|
|Adjectives and Adverbs||Understand when and where to use adjectives and adverbs in a sentence.|
|Conjunctions: Coordinating and Correlative||Explore how sentences can be combined through the use of conjunctions.|
|Preposition: Definition and Uses||Learn how to use prepositions, or positional words, in a sentence.|
|Exclamation: Definition and Uses||Understand what an exclamation is and how you can use it in your writing.|
|Types of Sentences: Simple, Compound, and Complex||Explore the types of sentence structure through multiple examples.|
|Sentence Parts: Subject, Predicate, Object, and Clauses||Learn how to pick out parts of a sentence and why this matters.|
|How to Identify the Subject of a Sentence||Understand how to find the subject of a sentence in order to begin unpacking its meaning.|
|Parallelism: How to Write and Identify Parallel Sentences||Explore the use of parallelism in writing and how to make your own sentences parallel.|
|Independent and Dependent Clauses: Subordination and Coordination||Learn about the types of clauses and how they impact writing.|
|Sentence Fragments, Comma Splices, and Run-on Sentences||Understand these common sentence errors and how to avoid them.|
|Commas: Correct Usage and Basic Rules||Explore when and where commas are needed in a sentence.|
|Comma Usage: Avoid Confusion in Clauses and Contrasting Sentence Parts||Learn about the inclusion of commas in more complex sentence structures.|
|Punctuation: Using Colons, Semicolons, and Periods||Understand when to use these finalizing punctuation marks.|
|Verb Tense and Subject-Verb Agreement||Explore what agreement means and how to make sure your sentences have it.|
|Subject-Verb Agreement: Using Uncommon Singular and Plural Nouns and Pronouns||Learn about some exceptions to the rules of singular and plural usage.|
|What Are Misplaced Modifiers and Dangling Modifiers?||Understand what modifiers are and how to make sure they are in the right place.|
|Sentence Agreement: Avoiding Faulty Collective Ownership||Explore the common pitfall of collective ownership mistakes.|
1. What Are Nouns? - Definition, Types & Examples
A noun is a part of speech that identifies a person, place, thing, or idea. In this lesson, in addition to learning how to identify nouns, you'll learn the difference between proper and common nouns and a bit about how nouns function in sentences.
2. What Are Pronouns? - Types, Examples & Definition
In this lesson, we'll learn about pronouns in general, and take a look at two types of personal pronouns: subjective case and objective case pronouns. Knowing which case of pronoun you'll need can help you avoid common pronoun errors.
3. What Are Personal Pronouns?
Pronouns are great for making sure debaters don't have to keep repeating the other guy's name over and over again, but they have many other uses too! In fact, pronouns, you could say, make reading readable. In part one, we'll cover personal pronouns and how they're used before moving on to more esoteric varieties.
4. Action, Linking and Auxiliary Verbs: Definitions, Functions & Examples
Do you think that a verb is just a verb? Check out this lesson to learn about the differences among action verbs, linking verbs, and auxiliary/helping verbs.
5. Comparison of Adjectives & Adverbs: Examples, Sentences & Exercises
Adjectives and adverbs are descriptive words that allow our sentences to be much more specific and interesting than they would be without them. This lesson covers the rules for using adjectives and adverbs correctly, including those used in comparisons.
6. Conjunctions: Coordinating & Correlative
Conjunctions are parts of speech that join together other words, phrases and clauses in sentences. Learn all about two types of conjunctions - coordinating and correlative - in this lesson.
7. Exclamation Mark: Use & Meaning
The exclamation mark (!), also called the exclamation point, is a form of punctuation that is sometimes used at the end of a single word, phrase or complete sentence. Its goal is to express an extremely strong and intense statement.
8. Types of Sentences: Simple, Compound & Complex
Sentences can be categorized as simple, compound, and complex. In this lesson, you'll learn about all three, break down example sentences, and test yourself at the end with a short quiz.
9. Parts of a Sentence: Subject, Predicate, Object & Clauses
Some of the most basic sentence parts are subjects, predicates, objects, and clauses. In this lesson, you'll define these parts, learn how they function in sentences and discover why that knowledge is important for the AP test.
10. How to Identify the Subject of a Sentence
Don't pass over this lesson! You may think you know how to find subjects and verbs in a sentence, but picking them out can be harder than you think. Identifying subjects and verbs is the first step to unlocking nearly everything else about English composition.
11. Parallelism: How to Write and Identify Parallel Sentences
Sentences that aren't parallel sound funny, even if they look perfectly correct at first glance. Learn what makes a sentence parallel, how to revise a sentence to make it parallel, and how to write beautiful, balanced sentences of your own.
12. Independent & Dependent Clauses: Subordination & Coordination
This lesson is about independent and dependent clauses, and how they make up a sentence. Dependent clauses, like the name suggests, rely on other elements in a sentence. Independent clauses, on the other hand, can stand alone. Learn more in this lesson.
13. Sentence Fragments, Comma Splices and Run-on Sentences
Sentence fragments, comma splices, and run-on sentences are grammatical and stylistic bugs that can seriously derail an otherwise polished academic paper. Learn how to identify and eliminate these errors in your own writing here.
14. Commas: Correct Usage & Basic Rules
Think that you know commas? You may be surprised. Even the most experienced writers have problems remembering all the rules. Learn the basics of comma usage in this first of two lessons on the comma.
15. Comma Usage: Avoid Confusion in Clauses & Contrasting Sentence Parts
Learn more about comma usage from the pros! There are just too many ways to use the comma (it's a basic punctuation mark, after all) to fit in one sentence. Watch here to learn about some of the more common traps students fall into when trying to put commas in the right place.
16. Punctuation: Using Colons, Semicolons & Periods
Periods, colons, and semicolons all have the ability to stop a sentence in its tracks, but for very different purposes. In this lesson, learn how and why we use them in our writing.
17. Verb Tense & Subject-Verb Agreement
Learn all about verb tense and subject-verb agreement in our first lesson on this tricky topic. We'll look at examples to help you understand this concept.
18. Subject-Verb Agreement: Using Uncommon Singular and Plural Nouns and Pronouns
Subject-verb agreement is a tricky beast. Learn which uncommon singular and plural nouns and pronouns are most likely to trip you up when trying to craft essays with good grammar.
19. What Are Misplaced Modifiers and Dangling Modifiers?
I have this recurring nightmare where all my modifiers are misplaced or dangling and everybody's laughing at me. Don't let this happen to you! Learn why modifiers are important and why putting them in the right place is even more so.
20. Sentence Agreement: Avoiding Faulty Collective Ownership
A common error occurs whenever a writer uses wording that suggests that a lot of people own or use just one thing, when really they all own or use their own separate things. This video will explain how to identify and fix this type of error.
21. What is a Preposition? - Definition, Uses & Examples
Prepositions are essential to sentences because they provide additional and necessary details. In this lesson, we will explore the definition and roles of the preposition.
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Other chapters within the AP English Literature: Exam Prep course
- AP English: Literary Analysis Intro
- AP English: Interpreting Literature
- AP English: Rhetorical Devices
- AP English: Poetry
- AP English: Types of Poetry
- AP English: Prose
- AP English: Prose Fiction
- AP English: American Literary Periods and Movements
- AP English: Examples of American Literary Analysis
- AP English: English Literary Periods and Movements
- AP English: Examples of English Literary Analysis
- AP English: Essay Basics: Types of Essay
- AP English - Essay Basics: Conventions in Essay Writing
- AP English: Beginning the Writing Process
- AP English: Writing & Structuring an Essay
- AP English: Writing Revision and Skill Development
- About the AP English Literature Test