About This Chapter
Who's it for?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering AP English will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn AP English. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding literary motifs or symbolism and imagery in literature
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning English (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about rhetorical devices
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra English learning resources
How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the Rhetorical Devices chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Rhetorical Devices chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any rhetorical devices question. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in a rhetorical devices unit of a standard AP English course. Topics covered include:
- Cliches, paradoxes and equivocations
- Similes and metaphors
- Point of view
- Allusion and illusion
- Synecdoche vs. metonymy
- Personification and apostrophe
- Types of irony
- Tone vs. mood
1. Cliches, Paradoxes & Equivocations: Definitions & Examples
Learn about cliches, paradoxes, and equivocations, and how they can weaken or strengthen certain types of writing. Explore examples of all three from literature and daily life.
2. Similes in Literature: Definition and Examples
Explore the simile and how, through comparison, it is used as a shorthand to say many things at once. Learn the difference between similes and metaphors, along with many examples of both.
3. Point of View: First, Second & Third Person
Just who is telling this story? In this lesson, we'll look at point of view, or the perspective from which a work is told. We'll review first person, second person and third person points of view.
4. Narrators in Literature: Types and Definitions
Learn how point of view, or the angle from which a story is told, impacts the narrative voice of a work of literature. Explore, through examples, how point of view can be limited, objective, or omniscient.
5. What is Foreshadowing? - Types, Examples & Definitions
Learn about how authors use foreshadowing, both subtle and direct, as part of their storytelling process. Explore many examples of foreshadowing, from classical plays to contemporary stories.
6. What is a Metaphor? - Examples, Definition & Types
Metaphors are all around you. They're the bright sparkling lights that turn plain evergreens into Christmas trees. Learn how to spot them, why writers write with them, and how to use them yourself right here.
7. Allusion and Illusion: Definitions and Examples
Allusions and illusions have little in common besides the fact that they sound similar. Learn the difference between the two and how allusions are an important part of literature and writing - and how to spot them in text.
8. Synecdoche vs. Metonymy: Definitions & Examples
Would you lend your ears for a moment (or at least your eyeballs)? This lesson will explain what synecdoche and metonymy mean and how to spot them in a piece of prose or poetry.
9. Personification and Apostrophe: Differences & Examples
In this lesson, explore how writers use personification to give human characteristics to objects, ideas, and animals. Learn about apostrophe, or when characters speak to objects, ideas, and even imaginary people as if they were also characters.
10. Types of Irony: Examples & Definitions
Discover, once and for all, what irony is and is not. Explore three types of irony: verbal, situational and dramatic, and learn about some famous and everyday examples.
11. What Are Literary Motifs? - Definition & Examples
In this lesson, you will learn about how writers use themes in works of literature as a way to explore universal ideas like love and war. You will also explore motifs, or repeating objects and ideas, which can contribute to theme.
12. What is Catharsis? - Definition, Examples & History in Literature and Drama
In this lesson, learn about catharsis, a purging of feelings that occurs when audiences have strong emotional reactions to a work of literature. Explore examples of literary works which lead to catharsis, including tragedies.
13. Allegory in Literature: History, Definition & Examples
Learn about allegories and how stories can be used to deliver messages, lessons or even commentaries on big concepts and institutions. Explore how allegories range from straightforward to heavily-veiled and subtle.
14. Consonance, Assonance, and Repetition: Definitions & Examples
In this lesson, explore the different ways authors repeat consonant and vowel sounds in their literary works. Learn about how writers use repeated words and phrases with well-known examples.
15. Understatement & Litotes: Differences, Definitions & Examples
In this lesson, explore the use of understatement as a way to draw attention to a specific quality or to add humor. Learn about litotes, a specific form of understatement, and discover examples from literature.
16. Euphemism: Definition & Examples
This lesson defines euphemisms, alternate language used in place of offensive language or when discussing taboo topics. Explore some examples of euphemisms in everyday language and well-known examples from literature.
17. Symbolism & Imagery in Literature: Definitions & Examples
In this lesson you will learn how poets and authors use symbolism in their writing to make it more meaningful and interesting. Explore how descriptive writing called imagery appeals to the senses, adding to works of literature.
18. Tone vs. Mood: Interpreting Meaning In Prose
In this lesson, learn the difference between the tone and the mood of a piece of prose. Explore examples of how tone and mood are conveyed by authors through word choice and telling details.
19. Satire, Parody, or Spoof: Types of Humorous Writing
Learn about how writers use satire, parody and spoof to make their readers laugh and think. Explore how these forms mock the conventions of specific literary works and genres.
20. Anecdotal Evidence: Definition & Examples
This lesson discusses a type of evidence often provided to support some claim: anecdotal evidence. Learn how it differs from scientific evidence and when it is appropriate or inappropriate to use.
21. Anacoluthon: Definition & Examples
If I had a dollar for every--what were we talking about? Oh, yeah! Anacoluthon! If this syntactic phenomenon were a kid in your class, it would definitely be the one always in detention for interrupting the teacher. Read on to find out more about this disruptive literary influence, along with a few examples!
22. Repetition as a Rhetorical Device: Effect & Examples
You must, must, must check out this lesson! Repetition, used in text or even speech, helps us understand the importance of what an author is trying to say. This lesson will examine repetition as a rhetorical device.
23. Apostrophe as a Literary Device: Meaning & Examples
This lesson provides readers with a definition of the literary device apostrophe, as well as several examples in different kinds of texts to ensure comprehension and the reader's ability to identify the device.
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Other chapters within the AP English Language: Help and Review course
- AP English - Reading Essays - Basics: Help and Review
- AP English - Prose Nonfiction: Help and Review
- AP English - Beginning the Writing Process: Help and Review
- AP English - Writing & Structuring an Essay: Help and Review
- AP English - Writing Revision and Skill Development: Help and Review
- AP English - Essay Basics - Conventions in Essay Writing: Help and Review
- AP English - Grammar Review: Help and Review
- AP English - Using Source Materials: Help and Review