About This Chapter
Who's it for?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering AP environmental science material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn AP environmental science. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding mineral consumption or working with soil erosion
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning science (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about minerals, rocks and soil
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra science learning resources
How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the Minerals, Rocks & Soil chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Minerals, Rocks & Soil chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any minerals, rocks and soil question. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in a Minerals, Rocks & Soil unit of a standard AP Environmental Science course. Topics covered include:
- Types, properties and examples of minerals
- Extraction and processing of minerals
- Strength and density of minerals
- Rock cycle and types of rocks
- The formation and composition of soil
- Soil erosion and conservation
1. What Are Minerals? - Types, Properties & Examples
In this lesson, you will learn about minerals and their properties. You will also understand the importance and everyday use of different types of minerals found on Earth.
2. Mineral Consumption: How Developed and Developing Nations Consume Minerals Differently
In this lesson, you will learn about how minerals are used around the world. You will also gain an understanding of where minerals are found on earth and how developed and developing nations consume them differently.
3. Extraction and Processing of Minerals & the Environmental Impacts of Mineral Use
In this lesson, you will learn about the different methods used to extract minerals from the ground and gain an understanding about how different types of mining affect the environment.
4. Optical Properties of Minerals: Luster, Light Transmission, Color & Streak
Minerals are conveniently identified based on their physical properties. These properties include luster, ability to transmit light, color and streak. This lesson will describe each of these properties and examples of each.
5. Crystal Shape of Minerals: Forms and Types
Did you know that the term crystal can have different meanings in addition to something pretty to look at? A crystal can refer to a regular pattern of molecules within a mineral or the shapes at a macroscopic level. This is also known as the crystal habit.
6. Mineral Strength: Tenacity, Hardness, Cleavage & Fracture
What does it mean to say that one mineral is stronger than another? This lesson will explore different minerals to identify and describe mineral strength in terms of tenacity, hardness, cleavage and fracture.
7. Mineral Density & Specific Gravity: Definition and Properties
Mineral density and specific gravity are similar properties used by mineralologists to identify minerals. This lesson describes a common practice used to determine density and specific gravity.
8. Silicate Minerals: Chemical Classifications & Examples
Silicate minerals make up the bulk of the earth's crust. All silicates are made of the same building block, the silicon-oxygen tetrahedron. This lesson describes the major silicate minerals including feldspars and quartz.
9. Non-silicate Minerals: Chemical Classifications & Examples
While most minerals are silicates, many non-silicate minerals are found in the earth's crust and are important as well. This lesson will use examples and describe the three major groups of non-silicate minerals, including carbonates, halides and sulfates.
10. Rocks and Minerals: Definitions and Differences
Can you tell the difference between a rock and a mineral? What makes a mineral so much different from a rock? Explore these questions in depth, and learn how we classify rocks and minerals.
11. Rock Cycle: Igneous, Sedimentary, and Metamorphic Rocks
In this lesson, we will discuss the three main types of rocks and how they are formed. The lesson also gives an introduction into how matter locked in rocks can be cycled through the earth.
12. Types of Rocks: The Three Major Rock Groups
Did you know that lava is molten rock that reaches the earth's surface? Furthermore, did you know that rocks exist in three general forms: igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic? This lesson describes these rock types and examples of each.
13. What is Soil? - Definition, Structure & Types
Soil is the material found on the surface of the earth that is composed of organic and inorganic material. Soil varies due to its structure and composition. Learn about the different types of soil and soil structures in this video lesson.
14. The Formation and Composition of Soil: Definition and Factors
In this video lesson you will learn how soil is formed and what it is made of. You will also learn about how soil is classified and distributed in layers underground.
15. What is Soil Erosion? - Definition and Causes
With soil erosion, the top layer of soil is worn away due to factors such as water, wind and tillage of farmland. Learn about soil erosion and how natural elements and human activities break up and transport soil.
16. Soil Conservation: Fighting Soil Erosion With Sustainable Soil Use
In this lesson, you will learn about the causes of soil erosion and the impacts it has on plants and other resources. You will also learn about how erosion is prevented through land use and land monitoring.
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Other chapters within the AP Environmental Science: Help and Review course
- Introduction to AP Environmental Science: Help and Review
- AP Environmental Science - Geologic Time: Help and Review
- AP Environmental Science - Plate Tectonics: Help and Review
- AP Environmental Science - Earthquakes: Help and Review
- AP Environmental Science - Volcanoes: Help and Review
- AP Science - The Atmosphere & Environment: Help & Review
- AP Environmental Science - Weather and Storms: Help and Review
- AP Environmental Science - Water Balance: Help and Review
- AP Environmental Science - Running Water: Help and Review
- AP Environmental Science - Ground Water: Help and Review
- AP Environmental Science - Glaciers: Help and Review
- AP Environmental Science - Oceans: Help and Review
- AP Science Help & Review: Water Issues & Water Conservation
- AP Environmental Science - Ecosystems: Help and Review
- AP Science - Interaction Among Organisms: Help & Review
- AP Environmental Science - Evolving Ecosystems: Help and Review
- AP Environmental Science - Biological Science: Help and Review
- AP Science - Population and the Environment: Help & Review
- AP Environmental Science Agricultural Resources: Help & Review
- AP Science - Rangelands & Forestry: Help & Review
- AP Environmental Science - Mining & Fishing: Help and Review
- AP Environmental Science - Energy Concepts: Help and Review
- AP Environmental Science - Renewable Resources: Help and Review
- AP Environmental Science - Nonrenewable Resources: Help and Review
- AP Environmental Science - Solid and Hazardous Waste: Help and Review
- AP Science - Humans & the Environment: Help & Review
- Environmental Sustainability: Help & Review for AP Science
- Environmental Risk Analysis: Help & Review for AP Science
- AP Science - Environmental Economics: Help & Review
- AP Environmental Science Help & Review: Ethics & Politics