About This Chapter
AP European History: Cold War Europe - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Follow up your study of World War II by tracing the rising tensions between two emerging superpowers as they attempted to wield their influence in developing nations. You can also use the lessons to compare and contrast reconstruction strategies and post-war politics in Eastern and Western Europe. This chapter is designed to help you understand the following:
- Causes of conflict between the Soviet Union and the U.S.
- Policies designed to prevent the spread of Communism
- Soviet influence and politics in Eastern Europe
- Western Europe's political and economic reconstruction
|Tension Between the U.S. and the Soviets: Wars, Confrontations & the Cold War||Examine proxy wars, the Cuban missile crisis and other confrontations between the U.S. and the Soviet Union during the Cold War.|
|The Theory of Containment & the Birth of NATO||Explain the theory of containment as it concerns Communism and outline the birth of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).|
|Soviet Domination of Eastern Europe||Describe Soviet policy in Warsaw Pact states, such as East Germany, Bulgaria, Poland and Hungary.|
|Post-War Great Britain: Reforms, Industry & Economy||Explain the social reforms, nationalization of industry and economic decline characteristic of Great Britain during the Cold War period.|
|Post-War Poland: Soviet Occupation, Social Unrest & Economic Depression||Highlight significant political, social and economic developments occurring in Poland immediately after WWII and during the Cold War.|
|Post-War Czechoslovakia: Politics, Economy & Soviet Influence||Analyze the impact of the Soviet Union on Czechoslovakia's politics and economy at the end of WWII and in the Cold War era.|
|Post-War Yugoslavia: New Name, Government & Republics||Recognize the forms of government found in the social republics making up Yugoslavia after the conclusion of WWII and during the Cold War.|
|Decolonization and Nationalism in Israel, Egypt, Africa, Indonesia, Vietnam & Algeria||Identify factors bringing about the decolonization and growth of nationalism in Africa and Asia.|
|Post-War France: Politics, Economy & Rebuilding||Explore Cold War era political and economic developments in France.|
|Post-War Italy: New Republic and Social & Economic Rebuilding||Examine political and economic developments in Italy during the Cold War.|
|Post-War Germany: Politics, Developments & Partitioning||Describe the partitioning of Germany and compare the subsequent development of East and West Germany.|
|The Troubles in Ireland and Bloody Sunday||Outline the events leading up to Bloody Sunday and discuss the aftermath of this incident.|
|Nikita Khrushchev: Life, Achievements & Policies||Survey the life and political developments of Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev.|
1. Tension Between the US and the Soviets: Wars, Confrontations & the Cold War
In this lesson, we explore the causes and factors that led to increased tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union after WWII, and to the incidents that almost led to all out war.
2. The Theory of Containment & the Birth of NATO
In this lesson, we explore the foreign policy of the U.S. and Western Europe directly after WWII. We will look at its theory of containment regarding communism, and the birth of NATO.
3. Soviet Domination of Eastern Europe
In this lesson, we explore the post-World War II settlement of Eastern Europe, and the subsequent Soviet domination of governments in Eastern Europe, as well as the creation of the Warsaw Pact.
4. Post-war Great Britain: Reforms, Industry & Economy
In this lesson, we explore the political developments in Great Britain after World War II and the development of the British welfare state under the direction of the Labour Party and Clement Attlee.
5. Post-war Poland: Soviet Occupation, Social Unrest & Economic Depression
In this lesson, we explore the history of Poland after WWII, from its occupation by the Soviet Union and subsequent Soviet influence upon Polish government to the Solidarity movement and Lech Walesa.
6. Post-war Czechoslovakia: Politics, Economy & Soviet Influence
In this lesson, we explore the history and politics of Czechoslovakia from World War II until the country's eventual dissolution only a few short years after the fall of communism and the removal of Soviet influence.
7. Post-war Yugoslavia: New Name, Government & Republics
In this lesson, we explore the rise of communism in Yugoslavia after the expulsion of the German invaders after WWII. We'll then look at its subsequent problems with ethnic violence and its eventual dissolution in the 1990s.
8. Decolonization and Nationalism in Israel, Egypt, Africa & Algeria
In this lesson, we explore the concepts of nationalism and national self-determination and how they affected the decolonization of the Middle East and Africa in the second half of the 20th century.
9. Decolonization and Nationalism in Indonesia, Vietnam, India & Pakistan
In this lesson, we explore the nature of nationalism in the colonial world and its various manifestations in South and Southeast Asia during the second half of the 20th century.
10. Post-war France: Politics, Economy & Rebuilding
In this lesson, we explore the rebuilding of the entirety of French society in the decades after World War II, from the economic recovery aided greatly by the United States to the changes in the structure of French government.
11. Post-war Italy: New Republic and Social & Economic Rebuilding
In this lesson we explore the post-WWII rebuilding of the Italian economy, the restructuring of its fundamental political structures, and its close partnership with the U.S. in the Cold War world.
12. Post-war Germany: Politics, Developments & Partitioning
In this lesson, we explore Germany after the end of World War II, from its partitioning due to its part on the front line of the Cold War to its eventual reunification in 1990.
13. The Troubles in Ireland and Bloody Sunday
In this lesson, we explore the centuries-old rivalry between Catholics and Protestants in Ireland, and the political and military struggle for the six northernmost counties in Ireland during the thirty-year period known as 'The Troubles.'
14. Nikita Khrushchev: Life, Achievements & Policies
In this lesson, we explore the life and career of Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev. The country's leader after the death of Joseph Stalin, Khrushchev implemented several domestic reforms while also standing toe-to-toe with the West.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the AP European History: Exam Prep course
- AP European History: Overview of the Renaissance
- AP European History: Renaissance Philosophy, Art & Literature
- AP European History: Reformation Roots & Teachings
- AP European History: The Reformation's Effects Across Europe
- AP European History: Wars of Religion
- AP European History: The Age of Expansion
- AP European History: The Rise of Monarchical Nation States
- AP European History: English History (1450-1700)
- AP European History: The Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment
- AP European History: 18th Century Powers
- AP European History: The French Revolution
- AP European History: The Napoleonic Empire
- AP European History: 19th Century Revolutionary Movements
- AP European History: The First Industrial Revolution
- AP European History: Unifications of Nation States in the 19th Century
- AP European History: Europe 1871-1914
- AP European History: World War I
- AP European History: Russia After World War I
- AP European History: The 1920s & 1930s
- AP European History: The Rise of Fascism
- AP European History: World War II
- AP European History: Post-War Europe
- AP European History: Integration: Europe after the Soviet Union
- Portions of the AP European History Exam
- How to Write a Good Essay on Your AP Exam
- Developing and Writing Your AP Exam Essay
- AP European History Flashcards