Ch 8: AP European History: English History (1450-1700)

About This Chapter

Watch English history video lessons and learn about the Wars of the Roses, the English Civil War, Henry VIII, and more. These lessons are just a portion of our AP European History course.

AP European History: English History (1450-1700) - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

From 1450-1700, England saw multiple threats and claims to the throne, which resulted in wars and conflicts for centuries. In this chapter, you'll learn about the rise of the Tudor dynasty after the Wars of the Roses, the challenge to Charles I's authority, and how Henry VIII defeated Catholic rule in his country. Our instructors have created smaller lessons to explain the important events within this period of English history, so you can learn about Shakespeare and his impact in one lesson and the Golden Age of Elizabeth I in another. You'll see the events that occurred within England's borders and the threats they had from without. This chapter is designed to teach you:

  • How the Tudors came out on top after the Wars of the Roses
  • The important politics, events, and people of the English Civil War
  • About the advent of the Anglican Church
  • Various kings and queens of England
  • How English conflicts affected society and culture

VideoObjective
England's Wars of the RosesLearn about this fight for the throne in England, including who was involved and the important battles.
England and the Tudors at the End of the Wars of the RosesUnderstand how Henry Tudor founded the Tudor dynasty in claiming the throne of England.
The English ReformationExplore the events that led England to break away from the Roman Catholic Church and papal authority.
The Six Wives of Henry VIII: Facts and HistoryTake a look at the multiple wives of Henry VIII and how his marriages factored in to the Reformation.
Henry VIII: The Anglican ChurchExamine how Henry VIII broke away from the Roman Catholic Church and formed a new church, becoming the new authority himself.
Queen Mary and Queen Elizabeth: Catholic vs. AnglicanStudy the conflict between these two religions in England and how that played out in these two queens.
Queen Elizabeth I and England's Golden AgeLearn about England under the rule of Elizabeth I and the national pride that marked the era.
The Spanish ArmadaExplore this Spanish fleet that sailed against England and the resulting conflict.
Shakespeare: Biography, Works, Historical Influences, and ImpactUnderstand the importance of Shakespeare, both in his time and for centuries afterward.
The StuartsTake a look at this Scottish royal house and how they helped transition Scotland into a prosperous state and helped Great Britain develop its culture.
Jamestown: Conflict in the New WorldExamine England's colony in America, including fights with both the natives and their homeland.
The Gunpowder Treason: England from Elizabeth I to NowStudy the assassination attempt on King James and how England has fared since then.
The English Civil War and Failure of Charles' MonarchyLearn about this internal English conflict between Parliamentarians and Royalists.
The English Civil War and the Rise of Cromwell's TheocracyUnderstand the authoritarian role of Oliver Cromwell in the time between the two periods of the English Civil War.
The Commercial Revolution: Economic Impact of Exploration and Colonization on EuropeExplore this period of expansion, colonialism, and mercantilism that came after the Industrial Revolution.
The English RevolutionTake a look at how Parliament challenged King Charles' authority and eventually executed him.
Acts of the Constitutional Settlement in EnglandExamine the propositions brought by the Parliamentarians after the first period in the English Civil War.

17 Lessons in Chapter 8: AP European History: English History (1450-1700)
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
England's Wars of the Roses

1. England's Wars of the Roses

This lesson will focus on England's Wars of the Roses. It will highlight the key figures from both the Houses of York and Lancaster. It will also identify the importance of the divine right of kings.

England and the Tudors at the End of the Wars of the Roses

2. England and the Tudors at the End of the Wars of the Roses

This lesson will focus on the Tudor Dynasty, which came to power after England's Wars of the Roses. It will focus on the contributions of the five Tudor monarchs in the areas of government, religion, economic and the arts.

The English Reformation: History and Timeline

3. The English Reformation: History and Timeline

In this lesson, we will examine the English Reformation of the 16th century. Using a timeline, we will explore its motivations, major leaders, and development.

The Six Wives of Henry VIII: Facts and History

4. The Six Wives of Henry VIII: Facts and History

There's an old rhyme to help you remember Henry VIII's wives: 'divorced, beheaded, died, divorced, beheaded, survived.' Follow along as this lesson covers King Henry VIII's quest to produce a male heir and the acts of succession that followed.

Henry VIII: The Anglican Church

5. Henry VIII: The Anglican Church

This lesson covers the various steps Henry VIII took in breaking away from the Roman Catholic Church. You'll learn how Henry managed to get what he wanted by going through legal means and playing off of others who also had problems with the Church.

Queen Mary and Queen Elizabeth: Catholic vs. Anglican

6. Queen Mary and Queen Elizabeth: Catholic vs. Anglican

This lesson will explain the conflict between Mary, Queen of Scots and Elizabeth I of England that eventually led to Mary's execution. It will also highlight the conflict between Catholicism and Protestant England.

Queen Elizabeth I and England's Golden Age

7. Queen Elizabeth I and England's Golden Age

This lesson will focus on the reign of Queen Elizabeth I of England, known as England's Golden Age. It will highlight England's advancements in economic growth, the sciences, the arts, and exploration under the lone rule of Elizabeth, the Virgin Queen.

The Spanish Armada: History and Major Battles

8. The Spanish Armada: History and Major Battles

In this lesson, we will study the famous Spanish Armada and its attempt to invade England in 1588. We will discuss the Armada's background, preparation, voyage, and ultimate fate.

Jamestown: Conflict in the New World

9. Jamestown: Conflict in the New World

This lesson focuses on the settlement of Jamestown and the conflicts that occurred between the native populations and the English settlers. While exploring this topic, it will highlight England's response to the troubles that plagued the settlement.

The Gunpowder Treason: England After Elizabeth I

10. The Gunpowder Treason: England After Elizabeth I

This lesson will explain the Gunpowder Treason of England. As it uncovers the details of this assassination plot, it will explain the part Elizabeth I and the other Tudor monarchs played in creating the resentment that brought it to life.

The English Civil War and Failure of Charles' Monarchy

11. The English Civil War and Failure of Charles' Monarchy

This lesson will explain the reign and execution of England's King Charles I. It will highlight the actions of Charles, along with his confrontations with Parliament, that led to the English Civil War.

The English Civil War and the Rise of Cromwell's Theocracy

12. The English Civil War and the Rise of Cromwell's Theocracy

This lesson will describe the events that led to the rise of Oliver Cromwell's theocracy. It will highlight the English Civil War, the execution of King Charles and the oppressive rule of Cromwell.

Introduction to Shakespeare: Life and Works

13. Introduction to Shakespeare: Life and Works

This video provides a crash course introduction to William Shakespeare's life, plays, and poetry. From 'Two Gentlemen of Verona' to 'The Tempest', we'll give you a timeline of his works and quick descriptions of what you need to know to identify them.

The Commercial Revolution: Economic Impact of Exploration and Colonization on Europe

14. The Commercial Revolution: Economic Impact of Exploration and Colonization on Europe

In this lesson, we'll discuss the Commercial Revolution sparked by Europe's interaction with the New World colonies. We'll learn about how mercantilism, banking and joint-stock companies transformed the economic face of the European continent.

The Stuart Period in England: Events and Timeline

15. The Stuart Period in England: Events and Timeline

In this lesson, we will meet the English kings and queens of the Stuart family who reigned from 1603 to 1714. We will also learn about a few of the major historical events that took place during this time.

The Glorious Revolution of 1688: Events and Significance

16. The Glorious Revolution of 1688: Events and Significance

In this lesson, we will examine the causes, events, and effects of England's Glorious Revolution of 1688, in which King James II was overthrown by William of Orange and his allies in the English Parliament.

Acts of the Constitutional Settlement in England

17. Acts of the Constitutional Settlement in England

In this lesson, we will explore England's constitutional settlement, which began after the Glorious Revolution of 1688. We will examine four acts that characterized this unique development in English history.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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