About This Chapter
AP European History: English History (1450-1700) - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
From 1450-1700, England saw multiple threats and claims to the throne, which resulted in wars and conflicts for centuries. In this chapter, you'll learn about the rise of the Tudor dynasty after the Wars of the Roses, the challenge to Charles I's authority, and how Henry VIII defeated Catholic rule in his country. Our instructors have created smaller lessons to explain the important events within this period of English history, so you can learn about Shakespeare and his impact in one lesson and the Golden Age of Elizabeth I in another. You'll see the events that occurred within England's borders and the threats they had from without. This chapter is designed to teach you:
- How the Tudors came out on top after the Wars of the Roses
- The important politics, events, and people of the English Civil War
- About the advent of the Anglican Church
- Various kings and queens of England
- How English conflicts affected society and culture
|England's Wars of the Roses||Learn about this fight for the throne in England, including who was involved and the important battles.|
|England and the Tudors at the End of the Wars of the Roses||Understand how Henry Tudor founded the Tudor dynasty in claiming the throne of England.|
|The English Reformation||Explore the events that led England to break away from the Roman Catholic Church and papal authority.|
|The Six Wives of Henry VIII: Facts and History||Take a look at the multiple wives of Henry VIII and how his marriages factored in to the Reformation.|
|Henry VIII: The Anglican Church||Examine how Henry VIII broke away from the Roman Catholic Church and formed a new church, becoming the new authority himself.|
|Queen Mary and Queen Elizabeth: Catholic vs. Anglican||Study the conflict between these two religions in England and how that played out in these two queens.|
|Queen Elizabeth I and England's Golden Age||Learn about England under the rule of Elizabeth I and the national pride that marked the era.|
|The Spanish Armada||Explore this Spanish fleet that sailed against England and the resulting conflict.|
|Shakespeare: Biography, Works, Historical Influences, and Impact||Understand the importance of Shakespeare, both in his time and for centuries afterward.|
|The Stuarts||Take a look at this Scottish royal house and how they helped transition Scotland into a prosperous state and helped Great Britain develop its culture.|
|Jamestown: Conflict in the New World||Examine England's colony in America, including fights with both the natives and their homeland.|
|The Gunpowder Treason: England from Elizabeth I to Now||Study the assassination attempt on King James and how England has fared since then.|
|The English Civil War and Failure of Charles' Monarchy||Learn about this internal English conflict between Parliamentarians and Royalists.|
|The English Civil War and the Rise of Cromwell's Theocracy||Understand the authoritarian role of Oliver Cromwell in the time between the two periods of the English Civil War.|
|The Commercial Revolution: Economic Impact of Exploration and Colonization on Europe||Explore this period of expansion, colonialism, and mercantilism that came after the Industrial Revolution.|
|The English Revolution||Take a look at how Parliament challenged King Charles' authority and eventually executed him.|
|Acts of the Constitutional Settlement in England||Examine the propositions brought by the Parliamentarians after the first period in the English Civil War.|
1. England's Wars of the Roses
This lesson will focus on England's Wars of the Roses. It will highlight the key figures from both the Houses of York and Lancaster. It will also identify the importance of the divine right of kings.
2. England and the Tudors at the End of the Wars of the Roses
This lesson will focus on the Tudor Dynasty, which came to power after England's Wars of the Roses. It will focus on the contributions of the five Tudor monarchs in the areas of government, religion, economic and the arts.
3. The English Reformation: History and Timeline
In this lesson, we will examine the English Reformation of the 16th century. Using a timeline, we will explore its motivations, major leaders, and development.
4. The Six Wives of Henry VIII: Facts and History
There's an old rhyme to help you remember Henry VIII's wives: 'divorced, beheaded, died, divorced, beheaded, survived.' Follow along as this lesson covers King Henry VIII's quest to produce a male heir and the acts of succession that followed.
5. Henry VIII: The Anglican Church
This lesson covers the various steps Henry VIII took in breaking away from the Roman Catholic Church. You'll learn how Henry managed to get what he wanted by going through legal means and playing off of others who also had problems with the Church.
6. Queen Mary and Queen Elizabeth: Catholic vs. Anglican
This lesson will explain the conflict between Mary, Queen of Scots and Elizabeth I of England that eventually led to Mary's execution. It will also highlight the conflict between Catholicism and Protestant England.
7. Queen Elizabeth I and England's Golden Age
This lesson will focus on the reign of Queen Elizabeth I of England, known as England's Golden Age. It will highlight England's advancements in economic growth, the sciences, the arts, and exploration under the lone rule of Elizabeth, the Virgin Queen.
8. The Spanish Armada: History and Major Battles
In this lesson, we will study the famous Spanish Armada and its attempt to invade England in 1588. We will discuss the Armada's background, preparation, voyage, and ultimate fate.
9. Jamestown: Conflict in the New World
This lesson focuses on the settlement of Jamestown and the conflicts that occurred between the native populations and the English settlers. While exploring this topic, it will highlight England's response to the troubles that plagued the settlement.
10. The Gunpowder Treason: England After Elizabeth I
This lesson will explain the Gunpowder Treason of England. As it uncovers the details of this assassination plot, it will explain the part Elizabeth I and the other Tudor monarchs played in creating the resentment that brought it to life.
11. The English Civil War and Failure of Charles' Monarchy
This lesson will explain the reign and execution of England's King Charles I. It will highlight the actions of Charles, along with his confrontations with Parliament, that led to the English Civil War.
12. The English Civil War and the Rise of Cromwell's Theocracy
This lesson will describe the events that led to the rise of Oliver Cromwell's theocracy. It will highlight the English Civil War, the execution of King Charles and the oppressive rule of Cromwell.
13. Introduction to Shakespeare: Life and Works
This video provides a crash course introduction to William Shakespeare's life, plays, and poetry. From 'Two Gentlemen of Verona' to 'The Tempest', we'll give you a timeline of his works and quick descriptions of what you need to know to identify them.
14. The Commercial Revolution: Economic Impact of Exploration and Colonization on Europe
In this lesson, we'll discuss the Commercial Revolution sparked by Europe's interaction with the New World colonies. We'll learn about how mercantilism, banking and joint-stock companies transformed the economic face of the European continent.
15. The Stuart Period in England: Events and Timeline
In this lesson, we will meet the English kings and queens of the Stuart family who reigned from 1603 to 1714. We will also learn about a few of the major historical events that took place during this time.
16. The Glorious Revolution of 1688: Events and Significance
In this lesson, we will examine the causes, events, and effects of England's Glorious Revolution of 1688, in which King James II was overthrown by William of Orange and his allies in the English Parliament.
17. Acts of the Constitutional Settlement in England
In this lesson, we will explore England's constitutional settlement, which began after the Glorious Revolution of 1688. We will examine four acts that characterized this unique development in English history.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the AP European History: Exam Prep course
- AP European History: Overview of the Renaissance
- AP European History: Renaissance Philosophy, Art & Literature
- AP European History: Reformation Roots & Teachings
- AP European History: The Reformation's Effects Across Europe
- AP European History: Wars of Religion
- AP European History: The Age of Expansion
- AP European History: The Rise of Monarchical Nation States
- AP European History: The Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment
- AP European History: 18th Century Powers
- AP European History: The French Revolution
- AP European History: The Napoleonic Empire
- AP European History: 19th Century Revolutionary Movements
- AP European History: The First Industrial Revolution
- AP European History: Unifications of Nation States in the 19th Century
- AP European History: Europe 1871-1914
- AP European History: World War I
- AP European History: Russia After World War I
- AP European History: The 1920s & 1930s
- AP European History: The Rise of Fascism
- AP European History: World War II
- AP European History: Post-War Europe
- AP European History: Cold War Europe
- AP European History: Integration: Europe after the Soviet Union
- Portions of the AP European History Exam
- How to Write a Good Essay on Your AP Exam
- Developing and Writing Your AP Exam Essay