Ch 16: AP European History: Europe 1871-1914

About This Chapter

Watch online European history video lessons and learn about the Second Industrial Revolution, the Impressionists, Romanticism, and more. These lessons are just a portion of our AP European History course.

AP European History: Europe 1871-1914 - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

Around the turn of the century, many big changes happened in Europe, from various new technologies to a shift in focus in the artistic realm. In this chapter, you'll learn about the important events of this time period, starting with the Second Industrial Revolution and all that came with it. You'll also take a look at the growth of anti-Semitism and the rise of European imperialism. This chapter is designed to assist you in understanding these topics found on the AP European History exam:

  • Identifying the importance of Romantic and Victorian literature
  • Understanding the Second Industrial Revolution
  • Exploring important thinkers of the time, such as Nietzsche and Freud
  • Examining the rise of the Romantic arts and the role of the salon
  • Reviewing the scientific developments and their impact
  • Discussing social class, the cult of domesticity, and feminism in the 19th century
  • Examining art styles such as the Impressionism, Expressionism and Post-Realism
  • Detailing advances in medicine during this time

Our instructors have broken down this chapter into smaller lessons, so you can study individual lessons in depth. The short lessons allow you to proceed at your own place and are available on your schedule.

15 Lessons in Chapter 16: AP European History: Europe 1871-1914
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Introduction to Romantic Prose: Overview of Authors and Works

1. Introduction to Romantic Prose: Overview of Authors and Works

Romantic prose exists in novels, short stories and essays written during the Romantic period, specifically in England. The Romantic period lasted from about 1800 to 1840.

Introduction to Romantic Poetry: Overview of Authors and Works

2. Introduction to Romantic Poetry: Overview of Authors and Works

Like the French Revolution that helped inspire it, the Romantic poetry movement signaled massive, controversial changes with ramifications that are still being felt today. Watch this video lesson for an introduction to Romantic poetry, including descriptions of the major authors and significant works.

The Second Industrial Revolution: Timeline & Inventions

3. The Second Industrial Revolution: Timeline & Inventions

The Second Industrial Revolution was another great leap forward in technology and society. New innovations in steel production, petroleum and electricity led to the introduction of public automobiles and airplanes. In this lesson, learn about the key inventions that spurred this revolution.

Friedrich Nietzsche: Biography, Theories & Philosophy

4. Friedrich Nietzsche: Biography, Theories & Philosophy

In this lesson, we explore the life and theories of the German philosopher who is considered the founder of the modern nihilist movement, Friedrich Nietzsche.

Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory on Instincts, Motivation, Personality & Development

5. Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory on Instincts, Motivation, Personality & Development

Learn how Sigmund Freud's theories helped shape our modern understanding of human motivation and personality development. Review key terms and take a quiz at the end of the lesson to test your knowledge.

Advances in Medicine During the 19th Century: Theories & Achievements

6. Advances in Medicine During the 19th Century: Theories & Achievements

In this lesson, we explore several of the important advances made in medicine during the 19th century, both in general medical knowledge and inventions that improved medicinal technique.

Social Class During the Second Industrial Revolution: Overview & Structure

7. Social Class During the Second Industrial Revolution: Overview & Structure

In this lesson, we explore the second half of the Industrial Revolution and the momentous changes industrial life had on late 19th and early 20th-century society, from where people lived to how they measured time.

Judaism, Antisemitism, and Zionism: Attitudes, Growth & Movements

8. Judaism, Antisemitism, and Zionism: Attitudes, Growth & Movements

In this lesson, we explore the history of Judaism and antisemitism in Europe, specifically in the 19th century. We further delve into the Zionist movement that grew in response to European antisemitism.

Cult of Domesticity: Definition & Significance

9. Cult of Domesticity: Definition & Significance

What is the role of women in society? This has been an important question throughout history. The Cult of Domesticity in 19th-century America was one attempt to answer to this question.

Feminism in the 19th Century: Women's Rights, Roles, and Limits

10. Feminism in the 19th Century: Women's Rights, Roles, and Limits

In this lesson, we explore the early women's rights movement and their rejection of traditional gender roles in the 19th and early 20th centuries in the United States and Great Britain.

19th Century Arts: Romanticism, Music, and Art

11. 19th Century Arts: Romanticism, Music, and Art

In this lesson, we explore the arts and popular culture of the 19th century, from the Romanticist trends in Western literature to the growing concert halls and changes in the art world.

Role of the Salon in 19th-Century France

12. Role of the Salon in 19th-Century France

In this lesson, you will explore the history and position of the Salon in 19th-century France and discover how it influenced ideas about art. Then test your understanding with a brief quiz.

Introduction to Victorian Literature: Overview of Themes, Style, and Authors

13. Introduction to Victorian Literature: Overview of Themes, Style, and Authors

Victorian literature is literature written in England during the reign of Queen Victoria, or roughly from 1837 -1901. It is largely characterized by the struggle of working people and the triumph of right over wrong.

The Impressionists and Expressionists of Post-Realist Art

14. The Impressionists and Expressionists of Post-Realist Art

In this lesson, we explore the two main artistic movements of the late 19th and early 20th centuries: Impressionism and Expressionism. Both significantly broke with artistic norms of previous generations.

European Imperialism: Characteristics, Motives & Effects

15. European Imperialism: Characteristics, Motives & Effects

This lesson will explore European imperialism in the 19th and 20th centuries. In doing this it will define New Imperialism and explain how economic growth, national rivalries, and moral superiority motivated it.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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