About This Chapter
AP European History: Europe 1871-1914 - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Around the turn of the century, many big changes happened in Europe, from various new technologies to a shift in focus in the artistic realm. In this chapter, you'll learn about the important events of this time period, starting with the Second Industrial Revolution and all that came with it. You'll also take a look at the growth of anti-Semitism and the rise of European imperialism. This chapter is designed to assist you in understanding these topics found on the AP European History exam:
- Identifying the importance of Romantic and Victorian literature
- Understanding the Second Industrial Revolution
- Exploring important thinkers of the time, such as Nietzsche and Freud
- Examining the rise of the Romantic arts and the role of the salon
- Reviewing the scientific developments and their impact
- Discussing social class, the cult of domesticity, and feminism in the 19th century
- Examining art styles such as the Impressionism, Expressionism and Post-Realism
- Detailing advances in medicine during this time
Our instructors have broken down this chapter into smaller lessons, so you can study individual lessons in depth. The short lessons allow you to proceed at your own place and are available on your schedule.
1. Introduction to Romantic Prose: Overview of Authors and Works
Romantic prose exists in novels, short stories and essays written during the Romantic period, specifically in England. The Romantic period lasted from about 1800 to 1840.
2. Introduction to Romantic Poetry: Overview of Authors and Works
Like the French Revolution that helped inspire it, the Romantic poetry movement signaled massive, controversial changes with ramifications that are still being felt today. Watch this video lesson for an introduction to Romantic poetry, including descriptions of the major authors and significant works.
3. The Second Industrial Revolution: Timeline & Inventions
The Second Industrial Revolution was another great leap forward in technology and society. New innovations in steel production, petroleum and electricity led to the introduction of public automobiles and airplanes. In this lesson, learn about the key inventions that spurred this revolution.
4. Friedrich Nietzsche: Biography, Theories & Philosophy
In this lesson, we explore the life and theories of the German philosopher who is considered the founder of the modern nihilist movement, Friedrich Nietzsche.
5. Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory on Instincts, Motivation, Personality & Development
Learn how Sigmund Freud's theories helped shape our modern understanding of human motivation and personality development. Review key terms and take a quiz at the end of the lesson to test your knowledge.
6. Advances in Medicine During the 19th Century: Theories & Achievements
In this lesson, we explore several of the important advances made in medicine during the 19th century, both in general medical knowledge and inventions that improved medicinal technique.
7. Social Class During the Second Industrial Revolution: Overview & Structure
In this lesson, we explore the second half of the Industrial Revolution and the momentous changes industrial life had on late 19th and early 20th-century society, from where people lived to how they measured time.
8. Judaism, Antisemitism, and Zionism: Attitudes, Growth & Movements
In this lesson, we explore the history of Judaism and antisemitism in Europe, specifically in the 19th century. We further delve into the Zionist movement that grew in response to European antisemitism.
9. Cult of Domesticity: Definition & Significance
What is the role of women in society? This has been an important question throughout history. The Cult of Domesticity in 19th-century America was one attempt to answer to this question.
10. Feminism in the 19th Century: Women's Rights, Roles, and Limits
In this lesson, we explore the early women's rights movement and their rejection of traditional gender roles in the 19th and early 20th centuries in the United States and Great Britain.
11. 19th Century Arts: Romanticism, Music, and Art
In this lesson, we explore the arts and popular culture of the 19th century, from the Romanticist trends in Western literature to the growing concert halls and changes in the art world.
12. Role of the Salon in 19th-Century France
In this lesson, you will explore the history and position of the Salon in 19th-century France and discover how it influenced ideas about art. Then test your understanding with a brief quiz.
13. Introduction to Victorian Literature: Overview of Themes, Style, and Authors
Victorian literature is literature written in England during the reign of Queen Victoria, or roughly from 1837 -1901. It is largely characterized by the struggle of working people and the triumph of right over wrong.
14. The Impressionists and Expressionists of Post-Realist Art
In this lesson, we explore the two main artistic movements of the late 19th and early 20th centuries: Impressionism and Expressionism. Both significantly broke with artistic norms of previous generations.
15. European Imperialism: Characteristics, Motives & Effects
This lesson will explore European imperialism in the 19th and 20th centuries. In doing this it will define New Imperialism and explain how economic growth, national rivalries, and moral superiority motivated it.
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Other chapters within the AP European History: Exam Prep course
- AP European History: Overview of the Renaissance
- AP European History: Renaissance Philosophy, Art & Literature
- AP European History: Reformation Roots & Teachings
- AP European History: The Reformation's Effects Across Europe
- AP European History: Wars of Religion
- AP European History: The Age of Expansion
- AP European History: The Rise of Monarchical Nation States
- AP European History: English History (1450-1700)
- AP European History: The Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment
- AP European History: 18th Century Powers
- AP European History: The French Revolution
- AP European History: The Napoleonic Empire
- AP European History: 19th Century Revolutionary Movements
- AP European History: The First Industrial Revolution
- AP European History: Unifications of Nation States in the 19th Century
- AP European History: World War I
- AP European History: Russia After World War I
- AP European History: The 1920s & 1930s
- AP European History: The Rise of Fascism
- AP European History: World War II
- AP European History: Post-War Europe
- AP European History: Cold War Europe
- AP European History: Integration: Europe after the Soviet Union
- Portions of the AP European History Exam
- Developing and Writing Your AP Exam Essay
- AP European History Flashcards