About This Chapter
AP European History: Europe 1871-1914 - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Around the turn of the century, many big changes happened in Europe, from various new technologies to a shift in focus in the artistic realm. In this chapter, you'll learn about the important events of this time period, starting with the Second Industrial Revolution and all that came with it. Our instructors have broken down this chapter into smaller lessons, so you can study topics like the development of psychoanalysis and women's rights more in depth. You'll get to see how some European countries formed into the states we know today and what made people want to write about nature and the individual. This chapter is designed to teach you:
- Important events of the time period
- The ways society and culture changed
- The themes and style of the Romantic movement
- Political changes of this time
- Scientific developments and their impact
|The Second Industrial Revolution: Steel, Electricity, Transportation, Advances to Communication and Education||Learn about the technological revolution that brought about big changes to society, including the use of the production line in factories.|
|Frederich Nietzsche||Explore the ideas of this important philosopher, from perspectivism to the Ubermensch.|
|Sigmund Freud and Psychoanalysis||Examine the neurologist who is known as the founding father of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathy.|
|Advances in Medicine During the 19th Century||Understand how modern medicine got its start in this time period, particularly as people learned about the existence of germs.|
|Charles Darwin||Take a look at this naturalist's famous theory of evolution and the studies he performed in order to understand the diversity of life on Earth.|
|Social Class During the Second Industrial Revolution||Learn about the impact that the new technologies had on social structure as the factory system grew.|
|Social and Cultural Developments During the 19th Century||Explore the multiple unifications and revolutions that occurred in Europe around the time of the Second Industrial Revolution.|
|Judaism, Antisemitism, and Zionism||Understand the religion of Judaism and these two movements that came out of sentiments of the 19th century.|
|Women's Rights, Roles, and Limits in the 19th century||Examine how women were viewed during this time and what they were and were not legally permitted to do.|
|Social Science is Born: History, Anthropology, Sociology, and Archaeology||Take a look at how these sciences became focal points of study.|
|19th Century Arts: Romanticism, Music, and Art||Learn about art during the 19th century and the important themes that govern much of the work.|
|Introduction to Romantic Prose: Overview of Authors and Works||Explore the novels, short stories, and essays that were written about nature and the individual, including Frankenstein and Jane Austen.|
|Introduction to Romantic Poetry: Overview of Authors and Works||Examine the poetry of this period, looking at the work of Pope, Coleridge, and others.|
|Introduction to Victorian Literature: Overview of Themes, Style, and Authors||Understand what Victorian authors were writing about through the work of Dickens and others.|
|The Impressionists and Expressionists of Post-Realist Art||Take a look at some of the art that came from this period and how it departed from the Realism of earlier times.|
|The New Imperialism: Colonizing Africa and Asia||Learn about European countries' forays into other continents and the areas they took over.|
1. Introduction to Romantic Prose: Overview of Authors and Works
Romantic prose exists in novels, short stories and essays written during the Romantic period, specifically in England. The Romantic period lasted from about 1800 to 1840.
2. Introduction to Romantic Poetry: Overview of Authors and Works
Like the French Revolution that helped inspire it, the Romantic poetry movement signaled massive, controversial changes with ramifications that are still being felt today. Watch this video lesson for an introduction to Romantic poetry, including descriptions of the major authors and significant works.
3. The Second Industrial Revolution: Timeline & Inventions
The Second Industrial Revolution was another great leap forward in technology and society. New innovations in steel production, petroleum and electricity led to the introduction of public automobiles and airplanes. In this lesson, learn about the key inventions that spurred this revolution.
4. Friedrich Nietzsche: Biography, Theories & Philosophy
In this lesson, we explore the life and theories of the German philosopher who is considered the founder of the modern nihilist movement, Friedrich Nietzsche.
5. Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory on Instincts, Motivation, Personality & Development
Learn how Sigmund Freud's theories helped shape our modern understanding of human motivation and personality development. Review key terms and take a quiz at the end of the lesson to test your knowledge.
6. Advances in Medicine During the 19th Century: Theories & Achievements
In this lesson, we explore several of the important advances made in medicine during the 19th century, both in general medical knowledge and inventions that improved medicinal technique.
7. Charles Darwin: Voyages, Theories & Works
In this lesson we explore the life and voyages of the 19th-century British naturalist Charles Darwin and his formulation of the theory of natural selection.
8. Social Class During the Second Industrial Revolution: Overview & Structure
In this lesson, we explore the second half of the Industrial Revolution and the momentous changes industrial life had on late 19th and early 20th-century society, from where people lived to how they measured time.
9. Judaism, Antisemitism, and Zionism: Attitudes, Growth & Movements
In this lesson, we explore the history of Judaism and antisemitism in Europe, specifically in the 19th century. We further delve into the Zionist movement that grew in response to European antisemitism.
10. Feminism in the 19th Century: Women's Rights, Roles, and Limits
In this lesson, we explore the early women's rights movement and their rejection of traditional gender roles in the 19th and early 20th centuries in the United States and Great Britain.
11. Social Science is Born: History, Anthropology, Sociology and Archaeology
In this lesson, we will explore the birth, growth, and early trends of some of the social sciences, including history, archaeology, anthropology, and sociology, during the 19th century.
12. 19th Century Arts: Romanticism, Music, and Art
In this lesson, we explore the arts and popular culture of the 19th century, from the Romanticist trends in Western literature to the growing concert halls and changes in the art world.
13. Introduction to Victorian Literature: Overview of Themes, Style, and Authors
Victorian literature is literature written in England during the reign of Queen Victoria, or roughly from 1837 -1901. It is largely characterized by the struggle of working people and the triumph of right over wrong.
14. The Impressionists and Expressionists of Post-Realist Art
In this lesson, we explore the two main artistic movements of the late 19th and early 20th centuries: Impressionism and Expressionism. Both significantly broke with artistic norms of previous generations.
15. European Imperialism: Characteristics, Motives & Effects
This lesson will explore European imperialism in the 19th and 20th centuries. In doing this it will define New Imperialism and explain how economic growth, national rivalries, and moral superiority motivated it.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 95 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,000 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the AP European History: Exam Prep course
- AP European History: Overview of the Renaissance
- AP European History: Renaissance Philosophy, Art & Literature
- AP European History: Reformation Roots & Teachings
- AP European History: The Reformation's Effects Across Europe
- AP European History: Wars of Religion
- AP European History: The Age of Expansion
- AP European History: The Rise of Monarchical Nation States
- AP European History: English History (1450-1700)
- AP European History: The Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment
- AP European History: 18th Century Powers
- AP European History: The French Revolution
- AP European History: The Napoleonic Empire
- AP European History: 19th Century Revolutionary Movements
- AP European History: The First Industrial Revolution
- AP European History: Unifications of Nation States in the 19th Century
- AP European History: World War I
- AP European History: Russia After World War I
- AP European History: The 1920s & 1930s
- AP European History: The Rise of Fascism
- AP European History: World War II
- AP European History: Post-War Europe
- AP European History: Cold War Europe
- AP European History: Integration: Europe after the Soviet Union
- Portions of the AP European History Exam
- How to Write a Good Essay on Your AP Exam
- Developing and Writing Your AP Exam Essay