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- Learn how the vernacular rose in popularity and how the use of Latin declined.
- Discuss the beliefs and practices of the Catholic Church before the Reformation.
- Explain how Martin Luther's 95 theses led to the Protestant Reformation.
- Describe the characteristics of art created during the Reformation.
- Take a look at the radical reformation of the Anabaptists and Antitrinitarians.
- Understand the impact John Calvin and Ulrich Zwingli had on Christianity.
- Compare and contrast traditional Catholicism and Reformation Christianity.
1. The Rise of the Vernacular and the Decline of Latin
This lesson explains how Latin was widespread in Europe during the Roman Empire as well as how vernacular languages slowly replaced it. It also reviews how the Romance languages developed.
2. The Catholic Church Before the Reformation: Beliefs and Practices
In 1500 C.E. the Roman Catholic Church was a very powerful institution in the West. Watch this video to learn how the Church maintained its power by teaching that salvation could only be earned by those who received the sacraments and performed good works.
3. Martin Luther, the 95 Theses and the Birth of the Protestant Reformation
This lesson covers the start of the Protestant Reformation. It begins by comparing the vast array and peacefulness of Christian denominations in modern days to the limited choices and violence of the past. Then it goes into the story of Martin Luther, from his 95 Theses through the Diet of Worms up to the beginning of the German Peasant Revolt.
4. Art in the Protestant Reformation: Albrecht Durer & Northern European Artists
The Protestant Reformation introduced some pretty substantial changes into European society. In this lesson, we'll be talking about some of the impacts it had on the art of Northern Europe.
5. Radical Reformation: Anabaptists and Antitrinitarians
In this lesson, we will study a few of the Christian sects that took the Reformation to extremes. We will focus especially on the origins, development, and doctrines of the Anabaptists and Antitrinitarians.
6. Ulrich Zwingli and John Calvin: History, Importance & Impact
In this lesson, we will meet two famous Reformation leaders, Ulrich Zwingli and John Calvin. We will examine their lives and their doctrines, and explore their impact on Christianity.
7. The Reformers & the Catholic Church: How Religious Beliefs Transformed During the Reformation
The Protestant Reformation and Counter-Reformation challenged the beliefs of the Catholic Church. This lesson explores some of the differing beliefs among Protestant and Catholic reformers.
8. Lady Jane Grey: Execution, History & Facts
Explore the life and death of Lady Jane Grey, monarch of England, and test your understanding about English history, religious politics, and the complex world of 16th century monarchies.
9. St. Francis of Assisi: Biography, Prayer & Feast Day
Explore the life of St. Francis of Assisi and test your knowledge about his role in the history of Catholicism and how his life has been venerated by the Church.
10. The Tudor Dynasty: Family Tree & Timeline
Divorced, beheaded, died. Divorced, beheaded, survived. Such were the fates of Henry VIII's six wives. His marriages and children shaped the course of the Tudor dynasty.
11. Thomas Cromwell: Facts & Execution
Learn about the English Reformation promoter Thomas Cromwell and how he gained King Henry VIII's favor and disfavor, leading to his execution at Tower Hill.
12. Thomas Wolsey: Biography, Facts & Death
Meet Thomas Wolsey, an intelligent clergyman who rose from a middle class background to be the Lord Chancellor of England. Explore Wolsey's rise to power and witness his fall from grace.
13. Tithes: Definition & Types
Nearly everyone in the U.S. pays taxes to the government, but what about a tax to his church or temple? This lesson explains the purpose and types of tithes found in the Old Testament of the Bible.
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