About This Chapter
AP European History: The Age of Expansion - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
As European culture saw a rebirth in the Renaissance, a curiosity about the rest of the world began to grow as well. In this chapter, you'll learn about the early explorations of Europeans who were searching for new routes of trade and fresh resources to be exchanged. Our instructors will explain how the Spanish and Portuguese Empires were at the forefront of this exploration and who they sent to these faraway lands. We'll also look at what and who these explorers found. This chapter is designed to teach you:
- The reach of the Spanish and Portuguese Empires
- Important explorers and their discoveries
- How global travel impacted society
- Which goods began to be exchanged
|Portuguese and Spanish Empires||Learn how these two empires came into being during this time and which lands they controlled.|
|How the Compass Helped Columbus||Take a look at how this new technology aided Columbus on his journey.|
|The Great Explorers of Spain and Portugal||Study famous explorers who traveled to new lands, including Henry the Navigator and Columbus.|
|Conquistadors||Examine these soldiers, explorers, and adventurers who sailed beyond Europe in the service of the Spanish and Portuguese Empires.|
|Bartolome de las Casas: Destruction of the Amerindians||Study the writings and reforms of this Spanish friar who chronicled the first decades of colonization in the West Indies.|
1. The Old World and New World: Why Europeans Sailed to the Americas
This lesson will focus on the Age of Exploration. It will explain the main reasons why Europeans explored the New World. It will highlight their spirit of adventure, the religious desire to see natives converted, and the chance to acquire wealth.
2. Portuguese and Spanish Empires: Growth in the New World & Asia
This lesson will explore the motivations, foundations, and growth of the Portuguese and Spanish empires in the New World and Asia. We will also meet a few famous Portuguese and Spanish explorers.
3. The Market Economy in 17th Century Europe
In this lesson, we will explore the role of market economics in 17th century Europe. We will see how early capitalism impacted European society during the 17th century.
4. The Columbian Exchange, Global Trade & Mercantilism
Along with opening up two new continents, the discovery of the Americas opened up brand new trade routes reaching around the world, with goods from every place imaginable, and the money to make it all happen.
5. Triangular Trade: Route, System & Role in Slavery
In the 16th century, trade between Europe, Africa, and the Americas defined the colonial world. In this lesson, explore the system of triangular trade and test your understanding with a brief quiz.
6. The Commercial Revolution: Economic Impact of Exploration and Colonization on Europe
In this lesson, we'll discuss the Commercial Revolution sparked by Europe's interaction with the New World colonies. We'll learn about how mercantilism, banking and joint-stock companies transformed the economic face of the European continent.
7. Spreading Religion in the Age of Exploration
The Age of Exploration brought many European traditions to other places in the world. In this lesson, we'll talk about some of the ways that religion, and Christianity in particular, spread throughout the world during this time.
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Other chapters within the AP European History: Exam Prep course
- AP European History: Overview of the Renaissance
- AP European History: Renaissance Philosophy, Art & Literature
- AP European History: Reformation Roots & Teachings
- AP European History: The Reformation's Effects Across Europe
- AP European History: Wars of Religion
- AP European History: The Rise of Monarchical Nation States
- AP European History: English History (1450-1700)
- AP European History: The Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment
- AP European History: 18th Century Powers
- AP European History: The French Revolution
- AP European History: The Napoleonic Empire
- AP European History: 19th Century Revolutionary Movements
- AP European History: The First Industrial Revolution
- AP European History: Unifications of Nation States in the 19th Century
- AP European History: Europe 1871-1914
- AP European History: World War I
- AP European History: Russia After World War I
- AP European History: The 1920s & 1930s
- AP European History: The Rise of Fascism
- AP European History: World War II
- AP European History: Post-War Europe
- AP European History: Cold War Europe
- AP European History: Integration: Europe after the Soviet Union
- Portions of the AP European History Exam
- Developing and Writing Your AP Exam Essay
- AP European History Flashcards