About This Chapter
The First Industrial Revolution - Chapter Summary
This chapter on European history examines industry and manufacturing growth in the 100-year period from 1750 to 1850. Get started in this chapter with a look at the growth of industry in Britain before moving on to watch the revolution unfold across the globe. You'll find out why this initial revolution took place and learn about some of the social and economic consequences resulting from rapid industrialization. At the end of this chapter you'll be familiar AP European History exam questions in the following areas:
- Describing the growth and impact of the Industrial Revolution as well as Great Britain's role
- Examining ideologies of the working class during this period
- Summarizing the causes of the First Industrial Revolution
- Exploring urbanization and the Agricultural Revolution
- Considering the theories of Karl Marx and class differentiation
- Understanding the significance of social Darwinism
1. The Agricultural Revolution: Timeline, Causes, Inventions & Effects
The Agricultural Revolution was a period of technological improvement and increased crop productivity that occurred during the 18th and early 19th centuries in Europe. In this lesson, learn the timeline, causes, effects and major inventions that spurred this shift in production.
2. The Industrial Revolution (1750-1850): Growth & Impact
This lesson will introduce the First Industrial Revolution. We will study the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, some of its major impacts, and its spread throughout the world.
3. Causes of the First Industrial Revolution: Examples & Summary
The Industrial Revolution was a period when new sources of energy, such as coal and steam, were used to power new machines designed to reduce human labor and increase production. The move to a more industrial society would forever change the face of labor.
4. Great Britain Leads the Industrial Revolution
In this lesson, we will explore the Industrial Revolution in Great Britain. We will look at reasons for Britain's industrial leadership, trends in its industry, and the results of industrialization on British society.
5. Urbanization & Other Effects of the Industrial Revolution: Social & Economic Impacts
The Industrial Revolution had a lasting effect on class structure, urbanization and lifestyle. In this lesson, we will learn how the Industrial Revolution changed various aspects of European society.
6. The Working-Class During the Industrial Revolution: Growth & Ideologies
In this lesson, we will meet the workers of the Industrial Revolution. We will examine the conditions under which they worked and lived, and we will learn about a few attempts to improve their situation.
7. Karl Marx's Theories: Class Differentiation and Revolution, Socialism & Capitalism
In this lesson, we will discuss the difference between socialism and capitalism, how Karl Marx believed that social class dictated one's social life and who were the bourgeoisie and proletariat.
8. Social Darwinism: Significance & Movement
The concept of Social Darwinism found its most committed audience from the late 19th into the mid-20th century. The central tenet of the Social Darwinist philosophy states that some human beings and races are better than others, thus natural selection should be recognized as a mechanism of genetic cleansing.
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Other chapters within the AP European History: Exam Prep course
- AP European History: Overview of the Renaissance
- AP European History: Renaissance Philosophy, Art & Literature
- AP European History: Reformation Roots & Teachings
- AP European History: The Reformation's Effects Across Europe
- AP European History: Wars of Religion
- AP European History: The Age of Expansion
- AP European History: The Rise of Monarchical Nation States
- AP European History: English History (1450-1700)
- AP European History: The Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment
- AP European History: 18th Century Powers
- AP European History: The French Revolution
- AP European History: The Napoleonic Empire
- AP European History: 19th Century Revolutionary Movements
- AP European History: Unifications of Nation States in the 19th Century
- AP European History: Europe 1871-1914
- AP European History: World War I
- AP European History: Russia After World War I
- AP European History: The 1920s & 1930s
- AP European History: The Rise of Fascism
- AP European History: World War II
- AP European History: Post-War Europe
- AP European History: Cold War Europe
- AP European History: Integration: Europe after the Soviet Union
- Portions of the AP European History Exam
- Developing and Writing Your AP Exam Essay
- AP European History Flashcards