About This Chapter
AP European History: The Reformation's Effects Across Europe - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
As people across Europe began to follow England's lead in challenging the Catholic Church's authority, political, societal, and cultural change was happening everywhere. In this chapter, you'll learn how different countries reacted to the Reformation, from the famous Reformers in Switzerland to the changes in Eastern Europe. Our instructors have divided this chapter into smaller lessons so you can learn about different effects one lesson at a time. You'll see how royal families fared in the Reformation and how commoners' lives changed as well. This chapter is designed to teach you:
- How the Reformation affected Switzerland, Poland, Bohemia, Austria, the Netherlands, and Rome
- The societal impacts of the Reformation across Europe
- How the Catholic Church reacted to growing rebellion
- What took place in Russia during this time
- The works of Calvin and Zwingli in the Swiss states
|The Spread of the Protestant Reformation Across Europe||Understand how different countries dealt with the reforms to the Catholic Church.|
|Religious Reform in Switzerland: Calvin and Zwingli's Teachings in the Reformation||Learn about the work of Calvin and Zwingli and their impact on the Swiss states.|
|Mercenaries and the Sack of Rome||Explore the role that hired armies played in the attack on the declining Roman Empire.|
|The Council of Trent: The Catholic Church Survives the Reformation||Study this meeting of the Roman Catholic Church and what they condemned as Protestant heresies.|
|Life After the Reformation and Protestant Influence on Society||Get an overview of the societal changes that resulted from the Reformation, especially in familial, educational, and economic aspects.|
|The History of the House of Bourbon in the Reformation||Understand the history of this French royal house, from its rulers to the multiple times it was overthrown.|
|The Netherlands During the Reformation||Learn about this new economic and cultural powerhouse and how the country was caught between warring Spain and England.|
|Eastern Europe During the Reformation||Explore the Reformation's effects in Poland, Bohemia, and Lithuania.|
|The Hapsburg Dynasty in the Reformation||Study this Austrian royal family, including where they ruled and who they married.|
|Ivan the Terrible and the Making of Russia||Get an overview of the history of Russia during this time period and how Ivan conquered neighboring states.|
1. The Spread of the Protestant Reformation Across Europe
In the 16th century, Martin Luther inspired people to believe that the Catholic Church shouldn't hold authority over laypeople. This lesson explores the spread of these Protestant ideas throughout Europe.
2. Religious Reform in Switzerland: Calvin & Zwingli's Teachings in the Reformation
The Protestant Reformation resulted in many people splitting from the Catholic Church. This lesson explores the effect of the Reformation in Switzerland under the leadership of Zwingli and Calvin.
3. Mercenaries and the Sack of Rome
Politics led Charles de Bourbon, a rich French Duke, to flee his country to fight for his cousin, the Holy Roman Emperor. This lesson explains how financing and the use of mercenaries by Bourbon led to the sack of Rome in 1527.
4. The Council of Trent: The Catholic Church Survives the Reformation
The Protestant Reformation was a movement of Christians who disagreed with some of the teachings and actions of the Catholic Church. This article explores the effect of the Reformation on the Church.
5. Life After the Reformation & Protestant Influence on Society
The Protestant Reformation was a huge movement that led to many Christians splitting from the Catholic Church. This lesson explores the after effects on families, education and social life.
6. The History of the House of Bourbon in the Reformation
This lesson will explain the effects and events of the Protestant Reformation within France. It will discuss the dealings of the French Protestants, known as Huguenots, with the royal House of Bourbon.
7. The Netherlands During the Reformation
This lesson will focus on the Protestant Reformation and its effect on the Netherlands. It will highlight the role Protestantism, especially in the form of Calvinism, played in the Netherlands' fight for freedom from Catholic Spain.
8. Eastern Europe During the Reformation
This lesson will focus on the Reformation and the Counter-Reformation within Eastern Europe. As it highlights Hungary and Poland, it will explore the reasons why the Reformation did not last within these countries.
9. The Habsburg Dynasty in the Reformation
This lesson focuses on the Habsburg Dynasty during the Reformation. It will highlight the dealings of the Holy Roman Emperors with Protestantism, while also explaining the Reformation's effect on Spain.
10. Ivan the Terrible and the Making of Russia
Ivan the Terrible was a great but violent leader. Despite his intelligence, he was prone to violent outbursts. This lesson explores his life and the effects of his reign on Russia.
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Other chapters within the AP European History: Exam Prep course
- AP European History: Overview of the Renaissance
- AP European History: Renaissance Philosophy, Art & Literature
- AP European History: Reformation Roots & Teachings
- AP European History: Wars of Religion
- AP European History: The Age of Expansion
- AP European History: The Rise of Monarchical Nation States
- AP European History: English History (1450-1700)
- AP European History: The Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment
- AP European History: 18th Century Powers
- AP European History: The French Revolution
- AP European History: The Napoleonic Empire
- AP European History: 19th Century Revolutionary Movements
- AP European History: The First Industrial Revolution
- AP European History: Unifications of Nation States in the 19th Century
- AP European History: Europe 1871-1914
- AP European History: World War I
- AP European History: Russia After World War I
- AP European History: The 1920s & 1930s
- AP European History: The Rise of Fascism
- AP European History: World War II
- AP European History: Post-War Europe
- AP European History: Cold War Europe
- AP European History: Integration: Europe after the Soviet Union
- Portions of the AP European History Exam
- How to Write a Good Essay on Your AP Exam
- Developing and Writing Your AP Exam Essay