About This Chapter
AP European History: The Rise of Fascism - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Instructors teaching this chapter can help you examine the spread of fascist political systems as Europe struggled to recover from World War I and the Great Depression. Video lessons can also show you how international tensions created by dictators, like Hitler and Mussolini, would lead to World War II. By the end of this chapter, you should be able to do the following:
- Describe the characteristics of fascism
- Identify factors leading to the fall of Western democracies
- Explain the rise of fascism in Europe
- Detail outcomes of the Spanish Civil War
|Fascism: Characteristics, History & Rise||Outline the characteristics of fascism, and provide a short history of its rise in Western society.|
|The Rise of Benito Mussolini and Italian Fascism||Trace Mussolini's rise to power in Italy, and describe his installation of a fascist-corporatist state.|
|German Fascism Under Hitler||Discuss fascism in Germany under Hitler's dictatorship.|
|The Fall of Western Democracies: Nations, Events & Replacement Governments||Explain the fall of democracies in several Western states. Examine the fascist and dictatorial states that replaced them.|
|The Spanish Civil War & the Influence of Foreign Powers||Follow the breakdown of republican rule in Spain and study the support (or lack thereof) given to nationalist and socialist parties by outside nations.|
1. Fascism: Characteristics, History & Rise
In this lesson, we explore the characteristics of the form of government known as fascism, including briefly examining history's best example of fascism: Hitler's Germany.
2. The Rise of Benito Mussolini and Italian Fascism: Facts & Timeline
In this lesson, we explore the rise of fascism in interwar Italy, as led by Il Duce, Benito Mussolini. Mussolini's oppressive, totalitarian regime fell during WWII.
3. German Fascism Under Hitler
In this lesson, we will explore the conditions in Germany that allowed for the rise of fascism there and the eventual dictatorship of Adolf Hitler in the mid-20th century.
4. The Fall of Western Democracies: Nations, Events & Replacement Governments
In this lesson, we explore several European democracies that fell in the 1930s and 1940s to fascist dictatorships or Soviet-supported communist governments.
5. The Spanish Civil War & the Influence of Foreign Powers: Definition, Summary & Timeline
In this lesson, we explore the Spanish Civil War that broke out between nationalists and socialists in Spain in the 1930s. In the aftermath, General Francisco Franco instituted a fascist dictatorship.
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Other chapters within the AP European History: Exam Prep course
- AP European History: Overview of the Renaissance
- AP European History: Renaissance Philosophy, Art & Literature
- AP European History: Reformation Roots & Teachings
- AP European History: The Reformation's Effects Across Europe
- AP European History: Wars of Religion
- AP European History: The Age of Expansion
- AP European History: The Rise of Monarchical Nation States
- AP European History: English History (1450-1700)
- AP European History: The Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment
- AP European History: 18th Century Powers
- AP European History: The French Revolution
- AP European History: The Napoleonic Empire
- AP European History: 19th Century Revolutionary Movements
- AP European History: The First Industrial Revolution
- AP European History: Unifications of Nation States in the 19th Century
- AP European History: Europe 1871-1914
- AP European History: World War I
- AP European History: Russia After World War I
- AP European History: The 1920s & 1930s
- AP European History: World War II
- AP European History: Post-War Europe
- AP European History: Cold War Europe
- AP European History: Integration: Europe after the Soviet Union
- Portions of the AP European History Exam
- How to Write a Good Essay on Your AP Exam
- Developing and Writing Your AP Exam Essay