About This Chapter
AP European History: The Rise of Monarchical Nation States - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
After the Middle Ages, Europe entered into an early modern phase in which big changes happened all across the continent. In this chapter, you'll learn about the unification of the long-battling Italian city-states, the absolute rule of Louis in France, and how Rome became the largest empire in the world. The chapter is broken up into smaller lessons that cover topics more in depth, so you can learn about Machiavelli in one and the Golden Age Dutch painters in another. You'll also get to see how society changed in terms of quality of life and economic values. This chapter is designed to teach you:
- About the development of Rome, Spain, Italy, and France
- What life was like in the early modern era
- How artistic styles changed and why
- The impact of the Industrial Revolution
|The Development of Monarchical Nation States||Learn about how these societies grew and rose to power in early modern Europe.|
|The Treaty of Lodi||Understand how three Italian city-states came together after a century of warfare between the powers of Milan, Naples, and Florence.|
|Machiavelli and What He Learned from the Italian Wars||Explore the writings of Machiavelli and how the infighting in Italy influenced his work.|
|Reconquista and Spanish Inquisition||Take a look at how Catholicism took hold in Spain, driving out Islamic kingdoms and anyone who threatened the Church.|
|The Holy Roman Empire||Learn how one of the greatest empires in history conquered much of the European continent.|
|Royal Absolutism in France||Understand how Louis XIV ruled his country and became the supreme judicial authority of his people.|
|The Golden Age of Art||Explore the new life infused into portraiture by three Dutch masters - Vermeer, Rembrandt, and Hals.|
|Social and Economic Life in Early Modern Europe||Take a look at how society reacted to coming out of the Dark Ages and into a time of both unification and increased structure.|
|The Industrial Revolution in Europe and the United States||Examine the effect that changes in agriculture, manufacturing, and transport had on the Western world.|
1. The Development of Monarchical Nation States: the Rise of Power
In this lesson, we will study the rise of powerful kings in Western Europe. We will look at the transition from feudalism to the nation-state and examine four countries in which this transition took place.
2. The Treaty of Lodi: Borders, Peace & Balance of Power
In this lesson, we will examine the 1454 Treaty of Lodi, which brought peace and stability to Renaissance Italy. We will examine the conflicts leading up to the treaty, its provisions, and its aftermath.
3. Machiavelli and Lessons of the Italian Wars
This lesson focuses on Machiavelli and his views on governing, specifically pertaining to the actions of rulers. It will also highlight the actions of several countries involved in the Italian Wars of the 15th and 16th centuries.
4. Reconquista and Spanish Inquisition
This lesson will explain the Spanish Reconquista and the Spanish Inquisition. It will focus on the reasons for each, specifically highlighting the role of Ferdinand and Isabella, and the tortures they allowed.
5. The Holy Roman Empire: Politics & Religion
In this lesson, we will examine the Holy Roman Empire. We will learn about its development, explore its political institutions, meet its leaders, and study its last days.
6. Royal Absolutism in France: Monarchical Power & Louis XIV
In this lesson, we will study France's absolute monarchy. We will learn its characteristics, examine its rise, and meet Louis XIV, the 'Sun King,' who brought royal absolutism to its height.
7. The Golden Age of Art: Great Painters & Famous Works
In this lesson, we will explore the Golden Age of Art in the Netherlands. We will examine its historical background, learn about its artistic trends and meet some of its most famous artists.
8. Social and Economic Life in Early Modern Europe: Peasantry, Nobility & Early Modern Economies
In this lesson, we will examine the social and economic life of early modern Europe. We will focus especially on the social hierarchy, family relationships, and economic changes of the period.
9. The Industrial Revolution in Europe and the U.S.: Events & Innovations
This lesson examines the Industrial Revolution in Europe and the United States. We will highlight key developments and innovations and explore how the Industrial Revolution transformed society.
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Other chapters within the AP European History: Exam Prep course
- AP European History: Overview of the Renaissance
- AP European History: Renaissance Philosophy, Art & Literature
- AP European History: Reformation Roots & Teachings
- AP European History: The Reformation's Effects Across Europe
- AP European History: Wars of Religion
- AP European History: The Age of Expansion
- AP European History: English History (1450-1700)
- AP European History: The Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment
- AP European History: 18th Century Powers
- AP European History: The French Revolution
- AP European History: The Napoleonic Empire
- AP European History: 19th Century Revolutionary Movements
- AP European History: The First Industrial Revolution
- AP European History: Unifications of Nation States in the 19th Century
- AP European History: Europe 1871-1914
- AP European History: World War I
- AP European History: Russia After World War I
- AP European History: The 1920s & 1930s
- AP European History: The Rise of Fascism
- AP European History: World War II
- AP European History: Post-War Europe
- AP European History: Cold War Europe
- AP European History: Integration: Europe after the Soviet Union
- Portions of the AP European History Exam
- How to Write a Good Essay on Your AP Exam
- Developing and Writing Your AP Exam Essay