Ch 9: AP History - Scientific Revolution & Enlightenment: Help & Review

About This Chapter

The Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment chapter of this AP European History Help and Review course is the simplest way to master this period in history. This chapter uses simple and fun videos that are about five minutes long, plus lesson quizzes and a chapter exam to ensure students learn the essentials of the Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment.

Who's it for?

Anyone who needs help learning or mastering European history material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn European history. Among those who would benefit are:

  • Students who have fallen behind in understanding scientific experimentation leading up to the Scientific Revolution or the teachings of Ptolemy
  • Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
  • Students who prefer multiple ways of learning history (visual or auditory)
  • Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
  • Students who need an efficient way to learn about the Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment
  • Students who struggle to understand their teachers
  • Students who attend schools without extra history learning resources

How it works:

  • Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
  • Press play and watch the video lesson.
  • Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
  • Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
  • Verify you're ready by completing the Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment chapter exam.

Why it works:

  • Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
  • Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
  • Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment chapter exam to be prepared.
  • Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment question. They're here to help!
  • Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.

Students will review:

This chapter helps students review the concepts in a Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment unit of a standard AP European history course. Topics covered include:

  • The beliefs and biography of Thomas Hobbes
  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau's legacy
  • Reason, science and logic of the pre-Scientific Revolution
  • Influence of Thomas Aquinas on the Catholic Church
  • Ptolemy and the Ptolemaic system
  • Discoveries of Tycho Brahe and Copernicus
  • The telescope, the Church and Galileo
  • Science during the Enlightenment period
  • Enlightenment thinkers and their ideas, including Francis Bacon, Thomas Hobbes, Blaise Pascal, and Rene Descartes
  • Biographies of Immanuel Kant and Baron de Montesquieu
  • The encyclopedia and Denis Diderot
  • Contributors to the Scottish Enlightenment
  • Jurisprudence and the theories of Cesare Beccaria
  • The roles of women during the Enlightenment

19 Lessons in Chapter 9: AP History - Scientific Revolution & Enlightenment: Help & Review
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Pre-Scientific Revolution: Logic, Reason & Scientific Experimentation

1. Pre-Scientific Revolution: Logic, Reason & Scientific Experimentation

In this lesson, we explore the reasons behind the typical narrative surrounding the Middle Ages and the advances in reason and science made during this period.

Thomas Aquinas' Influence on the Catholic Church

2. Thomas Aquinas' Influence on the Catholic Church

St. Thomas Aquinas was perhaps the most important figure of the Catholic Church during the Middle Ages. This lesson examines what he did to help protect the Church against a rebirth of critical thinking by using critical thinking to defend the Church.

Ptolemy and the Ptolemaic System

3. Ptolemy and the Ptolemaic System

In this lesson, we explore the work of the ancient Greco-Egyptian philosopher, mathematician, and astronomer, Ptolemy, whose system explaining the structure of the universe was believed for centuries.

Tycho Brahe and Copernicus Take On the Known Universe

4. Tycho Brahe and Copernicus Take On the Known Universe

Astronomy according to Ptolemy was the popular theory until Copernicus turned it on its head. This lesson explores the theories of Copernicus and Brahe and how the two changed astronomical study.

Galileo, the Telescope & the Church

5. Galileo, the Telescope & the Church

This lesson explores the contributions of Galileo to modern science. It examines his early steps toward a scientific method, his work on falling bodies and, of course, his astronomical discoveries. Finally, the Church's reaction to these discoveries is explored.

Science During the Enlightenment Period: Innovations, Discoveries & Major Figures

6. Science During the Enlightenment Period: Innovations, Discoveries & Major Figures

In this lesson, we will learn about the Scientific Revolution that preceded the Enlightenment. We will highlight the major themes, innovations, discoveries, and figures associated with this revolution in science.

Rene Descartes and the Union of Religion and Philosophy

7. Rene Descartes and the Union of Religion and Philosophy

This lesson explores the beliefs and works of Rene Descartes and how he explained the relationship between the mind and body as well as religion and science.

Francis Bacon: History, Ideas and Legacy

8. Francis Bacon: History, Ideas and Legacy

This lesson examines the contributions of Sir Francis Bacon to science. We take a long hard look at the scientific method, with special emphasis on experimental science. Then we briefly examine how Bacon sold science to the world.

The Enlightenment Thinkers & Their Ideas

9. The Enlightenment Thinkers & Their Ideas

In this lesson, we discuss the varied and diverse 18th-century intellectual movement known as the Enlightenment. In addition to exploring its background and nature, we highlight several of the era's chief philosophers and their ideas.

Immanuel Kant: Biography & German Enlightenment

10. Immanuel Kant: Biography & German Enlightenment

In this lesson, we explore the life and philosophy of arguably the German Enlightenment's greatest philosopher, Immanuel Kant, and his theories concerning ethics.

Jean-Jacques Rousseau: Philosophy and Legacy

11. Jean-Jacques Rousseau: Philosophy and Legacy

In this lesson, we will learn about a famous philosopher named Jean-Jacques Rousseau. We will understand the specific views he advanced and identify his contributions to the field of philosophy.

Scottish Enlightenment: Hume, Smith, and Others

12. Scottish Enlightenment: Hume, Smith, and Others

In this lesson, we discuss several leading thinkers of the Scottish Enlightenment, including its two giants, the philosophers David Hume and Adam Smith.

Cesare Beccaria: Theories, Impact & Jurisprudence

13. Cesare Beccaria: Theories, Impact & Jurisprudence

In this lesson, we explore the life and theories of the Italian man who first formulated many of the theories upon which our modern penal systems operate: Cesare Beccaria.

Women During the Enlightenment: Roles & Treatment

14. Women During the Enlightenment: Roles & Treatment

In this lesson, we explore the traditional gender roles for women in 18th century Europe and how the Enlightenment affected attitudes that encouraged future change.

Thomas Hobbes: Biography, Beliefs & Quotes

15. Thomas Hobbes: Biography, Beliefs & Quotes

Thomas Hobbes was an English philosopher, political scientist, academic, historian, and journalist in the 17th century. He is best known for his book 'Leviathan' (1651) and his views on how politics affects society.

Baron de Montesquieu: Biography, Theories & Philosophy

16. Baron de Montesquieu: Biography, Theories & Philosophy

In this lesson, we explore the life and theories of the the French Enlightenment's foremost political theorist, Charles-Louis de Secondat - more commonly known as Montesquieu.

Denis Diderot and the Encyclopedia

17. Denis Diderot and the Encyclopedia

In this lesson, we explore the life of the 18th-century French philosopher Denis Diderot and the project that eventually consumed over 30 years of his life, the Encyclopedia.

Blaise Pascal: Biography & Contributions to Science and Philosophy

18. Blaise Pascal: Biography & Contributions to Science and Philosophy

In this lesson, we will learn about the 17th-century French mathematician, scientist, and philosopher Blaise Pascal, who invented a rudimentary calculator in addition to making significant contributions to math and philosophy.

Thomas Hobbes: Absolutism, Politics & Famous Works

19. Thomas Hobbes: Absolutism, Politics & Famous Works

In this lesson, we discuss one the key political theorists of the 17th century, the Englishman Thomas Hobbes, whose theories concerning absolutism, the basis of government, and human nature still resonate to this day.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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