About This Chapter
How it works:
- Begin your assignment or other AP European History work.
- Identify the scientific revolution and enlightenment concepts that you're stuck on.
- Find fun videos on the topics you need to understand.
- Press play, watch and learn!
- Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
- As needed, submit a question to one of our instructors for personalized support.
Who's it for?
This chapter of our AP European history tutoring solution will benefit any student who is trying to learn about the scientific revolution and enlightenment and earn better grades. This resource can help students including those who:
- Struggle with understanding the pre-scientific revolution, the Ptolemaic system, the telescope and the Church, women during the Enlightenment or any other scientific revolution and enlightenment topic
- Have limited time for studying
- Want a cost effective way to supplement their history learning
- Prefer learning history visually
- Find themselves failing or close to failing their scientific revolution and enlightenment unit
- Cope with ADD or ADHD
- Want to get ahead in AP European History
- Don't have access to their history teacher outside of class
Why it works:
- Engaging Tutors: We make learning about the scientific revolution and enlightenment simple and fun.
- Cost Efficient: For less than 20% of the cost of a private tutor, you'll have unlimited access 24/7.
- Consistent High Quality: Unlike a live European history tutor, these video lessons are thoroughly reviewed.
- Convenient: Imagine a tutor as portable as your laptop, tablet or smartphone. Learn about the scientific revolution and enlightenment on the go!
- Learn at Your Pace: You can pause and rewatch lessons as often as you'd like, until you master the material.
- Learn about scientific experimentation, logic and reason during the medieval period.
- Explain how Thomas Aquinas influenced Church beliefs.
- Take a look at Ptolemy's model of the universe.
- Discuss Tycho Brahe's and Copernicus's views of the universe.
- Understand how the Church received Galileo's discoveries.
- Describe the innovations and discoveries that came about during the Enlightenment.
- Learn how Rene Descartes's beliefs bridged religion and philosophy.
- Become familiar with the ideas of Francis Bacon.
- Take a look at the scientific and philosophical contributions of Blaise Pascal.
- Discuss the political beliefs of Thomas Hobbes.
- Describe the ideas of the Enlightenment thinkers.
- Understand the philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
- Learn about the prominent figures of the German Enlightenment.
- Become familiar with the political theories of Baron de Montesquieu.
- Take a look at the founding of the encyclopedia by Diderot and d'Alembert.
- Discuss Scottish contributors to the Enlightenment.
- Explain how Cesare Beccaria's legal theories impacted Italian and European society.
- Describe the role and treatment of women during the Enlightenment.
1. Pre-Scientific Revolution: Logic, Reason & Scientific Experimentation
In this lesson, we explore the reasons behind the typical narrative surrounding the Middle Ages and the advances in reason and science made during this period.
2. Thomas Aquinas' Influence on the Catholic Church
St. Thomas Aquinas was perhaps the most important figure of the Catholic Church during the Middle Ages. This lesson examines what he did to help protect the Church against a rebirth of critical thinking by using critical thinking to defend the Church.
3. Ptolemy and the Ptolemaic System
In this lesson, we explore the work of the ancient Greco-Egyptian philosopher, mathematician, and astronomer, Ptolemy, whose system explaining the structure of the universe was believed for centuries.
4. Tycho Brahe and Copernicus Take On the Known Universe
Astronomy according to Ptolemy was the popular theory until Copernicus turned it on its head. This lesson explores the theories of Copernicus and Brahe and how the two changed astronomical study.
5. Galileo, the Telescope & the Church
This lesson explores the contributions of Galileo to modern science. It examines his early steps toward a scientific method, his work on falling bodies and, of course, his astronomical discoveries. Finally, the Church's reaction to these discoveries is explored.
6. Science During the Enlightenment Period: Innovations, Discoveries & Major Figures
In this lesson, we will learn about the Scientific Revolution that preceded the Enlightenment. We will highlight the major themes, innovations, discoveries, and figures associated with this revolution in science.
7. Rene Descartes and the Union of Religion and Philosophy
This lesson explores the beliefs and works of Rene Descartes and how he explained the relationship between the mind and body as well as religion and science.
8. Francis Bacon: History, Ideas and Legacy
This lesson examines the contributions of Sir Francis Bacon to science. We take a long hard look at the scientific method, with special emphasis on experimental science. Then we briefly examine how Bacon sold science to the world.
9. Blaise Pascal: Biography & Contributions to Science and Philosophy
In this lesson, we will learn about the 17th-century French mathematician, scientist, and philosopher Blaise Pascal, who invented a rudimentary calculator in addition to making significant contributions to math and philosophy.
10. Thomas Hobbes: Absolutism, Politics & Famous Works
In this lesson, we discuss one the key political theorists of the 17th century, the Englishman Thomas Hobbes, whose theories concerning absolutism, the basis of government, and human nature still resonate to this day.
11. The Enlightenment Thinkers & Their Ideas
In this lesson, we discuss the varied and diverse 18th-century intellectual movement known as the Enlightenment. In addition to exploring its background and nature, we highlight several of the era's chief philosophers and their ideas.
12. Jean-Jacques Rousseau: Philosophy and Legacy
In this lesson, we will learn about a famous philosopher named Jean-Jacques Rousseau. We will understand the specific views he advanced and identify his contributions to the field of philosophy.
13. Immanuel Kant: Biography & German Enlightenment
In this lesson, we explore the life and philosophy of arguably the German Enlightenment's greatest philosopher, Immanuel Kant, and his theories concerning ethics.
14. Baron de Montesquieu: Biography, Theories & Philosophy
In this lesson, we explore the life and theories of the the French Enlightenment's foremost political theorist, Charles-Louis de Secondat - more commonly known as Montesquieu.
15. Denis Diderot and the Encyclopedia
In this lesson, we explore the life of the 18th-century French philosopher Denis Diderot and the project that eventually consumed over 30 years of his life, the Encyclopedia.
16. Scottish Enlightenment: Hume, Smith, and Others
In this lesson, we discuss several leading thinkers of the Scottish Enlightenment, including its two giants, the philosophers David Hume and Adam Smith.
17. Cesare Beccaria: Theories, Impact & Jurisprudence
In this lesson, we explore the life and theories of the Italian man who first formulated many of the theories upon which our modern penal systems operate: Cesare Beccaria.
18. Women During the Enlightenment: Roles & Treatment
In this lesson, we explore the traditional gender roles for women in 18th century Europe and how the Enlightenment affected attitudes that encouraged future change.
19. Olympe de Gouges: Biography & Quotes
In the 18th century, Olympe de Gouges spoke out about issues that no one else wanted to talk about. In this lesson, we'll go over the life and works of Olympe de Gouges, and see how far she was willing to go to make her voice heard.
20. Olympe de Gouges' Declaration of the Rights of Woman
Olympe de Gouges was a French political and social activist who is most well-known for writing the ''Declaration of the Rights of Woman'' following the French Revolution.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the AP European History: Tutoring Solution course
- AP European History - Overview of the Renaissance: Tutoring Solution
- AP European History - Renaissance Philosophy, Art & Literature: Tutoring Solution
- AP European History - Reformation Roots & Teachings: Tutoring Solution
- AP European History - The Reformation's Effects Across Europe: Tutoring Solution
- AP European History - Wars of Religion: Tutoring Solution
- AP European History - The Age of Expansion: Tutoring Solution
- AP European History - The Rise of Monarchical Nation States: Tutoring Solution
- AP European History - English History (1450-1700): Tutoring Solution
- AP European History - 18th Century Powers: Tutoring Solution
- AP European History - The French Revolution: Tutoring Solution
- AP European History - The Napoleonic Empire: Tutoring Solution
- AP European History - 19th Century Revolutionary Movements: Tutoring Solution
- AP European History - The First Industrial Revolution: Tutoring Solution
- AP European History - Unifications of Nation States in the 19th Century: Tutoring Solution
- AP European History - Europe 1871-1914: Tutoring Solution
- AP European History - World War I: Tutoring Solution
- AP European History - Russia After World War I: Tutoring Solution
- AP European History - The 1920s & 1930s: Tutoring Solution
- AP European History - The Rise of Fascism: Tutoring Solution
- AP European History - World War II: Tutoring Solution
- AP European History - Post-war Europe: Tutoring Solution
- AP European History - Cold War Europe: Tutoring Solution
- AP European History - Integration - Europe after the Soviet Union: Tutoring Solution
- Portions of the AP European History Exam: Tutoring Solution
- How to Write a Good Essay on Your AP European History Exam: Tutoring Solution
- Developing and Writing Your AP European History Exam Essay: Tutoring Solution