About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the AP Music Theory: Scales, Keys and Modes chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday|| Understanding and building musical scales: Definitions and types of scales; |
The chromatic scale;
How to determine major key signatures in music
| An exploration of major and minor scales, musical pitch and tonality as well as whole and half steps; |
A look at the 12-pitch scale;
Learning about the sharp and flat notes in musical pieces
|Tuesday|| Placing key signatures on the grand staff; |
The difference between the key and the key signature;
The Circle of Fifths
| Understanding treble clef and bass clef; |
Distinguishing between the two;
A look at the relationships between the chromatic scale's 12-pitch classes
|Wednesday|| How to determine minor key signatures in music; |
The minor scale pattern;
| Locating the relative major and minor keys by counting three half-steps forward or backwards; |
A look at half steps in tonal music;
Performing scales in music
|Thursday|| Degrees of scales; |
| An exploration of notes and degrees in a scale; |
Building major and minor pentatonic scales;
Separating notes with whole steps and intervals
|Friday|| Diminishing scale (Octatonic scale); |
Church modes: Ionian and Aeolian modes
| Jazz music's 8-note scale; |
The importance of blues scales to the blues music genre;
The scales and notes that comprise church music
1. Understanding and Building Musical Scales: Definitions & Types of Scales
What is a 'scale' in music? How do tonality, pitch, and accidentals play a role in making a scale? What kinds of notes make up a scale? What is the difference between a Major scale, minor scale, blues scale, and pentatonic scale? Learn all about scales in this lesson!
2. How to Determine Major Key Signatures in Music
What is a key signature? How can you tell the key of a song by just looking at it? Are there flats and sharps in all songs? What are some common key signatures in the Major tonality? Find out in this lesson!
3. How to Determine Minor Key Signatures in Music
Key signatures are useful in playing and understanding music, but how do you know if the key signature is for a Major or a minor key? Find out in this lesson!
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Other chapters within the AP Music Theory Syllabus Resource & Lesson Plans course