About This Chapter
AP Music Theory: Texture - Chapter Summary
As you prepare for the AP Music Theory exam, study these music theory lessons to understand the purposes and functions of texture in music. The chapter helps strengthen your knowledge of musical texture so you can confidently answer questions on the test about:
- Explaining the use of texture and voices in music
- Defining monophonic music
- Recognizing examples of polyphonic texture
- Understanding the theory behind musical counterpoint
- Examining the role of vocal register, range and tessitura
- Contextualizing alberti bass and walking bass accompaniment
- Assessing the uses of the ostinato compositional technique
Our expert music instructors offer concise definitions of these musical concepts and show you how they've been applied throughout musical history. After you complete each lesson, you can test your understanding of texture concepts by taking our self-assessment quizzes. You can also print lesson transcripts to review after you've read/watched the lessons.
1. Texture and Voices in Music: Definition & Overview
Why are background instruments important? What do 'thin' and 'thick' mean in a musical sense? Let's find out more about texture and how we use it to describe music.
2. Monophonic in Music: Definition & Examples
Monophonic texture is one of the most rare textures in popular music today, but you can still find it if you know what you're listening for! In this lesson, you'll learn how to recognize and describe monophony in music.
3. Polyphonic Texture: Definition, Music & Examples
Polyphony took hold in the 13th century and became the primary way of writing music for the better part of 500 years. This lesson will look at this important musical texture, providing some history and some examples along the way.
4. Counterpoint in Music: Definition, Music Theory & Examples
Counterpoint is the basis of classical music theory, growing out of the early sacred music traditions of the Catholic Church into the common practice for composers of the 15th through 18th centuries, and can be still heard in the music of today.
5. Vocal Register, Range & Tessitura
To become a good singer, you need to start by getting to know your voice. In this lesson, we'll examine vocal range, register, and tessitura and see how this impacts our understanding of both singing and music in general.
6. Alberti Bass: Definition & Examples
There are many ways to make a chord more interesting, and one popular option is the Alberti bass. In this lesson, we'll explore this repetitive pattern and see how it can be used to shape the texture of a composition.
7. Ostinato: Definition & Examples
The ostinato is a compositional technique from the Baroque period that is enjoying a modern revival. Today we'll discuss the definition of ostinato, how it is used, and look at some specific musical examples.
8. Walking Bass: Definition, Patterns & Technique
This lesson covers walking bass, a technique for improvising bass lines that's used by musicians in many different genres, from classical to jazz. You'll learn about the technique and how musicians have used it throughout history.
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Other chapters within the AP Music Theory: Exam Prep course
- AP Music Theory Exam: Question Types
- AP Music Theory: Fundamentals of Music
- AP Music Theory: Rhythm, Meter, and Metric Organization
- AP Music Theory: Scales, Keys, and Modes
- AP Music Theory: Aural Skills
- AP Music Theory: Spacing, Voicing, & Position
- AP Music Theory: Intervals, Triads & Seventh Chords
- AP Music Theory: Melodic Composition
- AP Music Theory: Harmonic Composition
- AP Music Theory: Nonharmonic Tones
- AP Music Theory: Phrases & Forms
- AP Music Theory: Performance Terms
- AP Music Theory: Voice Leading
- AP Music Theory: Songs & Genres
- AP Music Theory Flashcards