About This Chapter
AP U.S. Government and Politics: The Legislative Branch - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
The legislative branch of government is the focus of these video lessons. An experienced instructor will guide you through the legislative process whereby a bill becomes a law. This chapter covers reapportionment; a process that changes the way in which seats in the House of Representatives are allocated to a specific state, based on changes in population (the number of Senators per state is fixed at two). Redistricting is another concept essential to understanding the legislative branch - in this process, the lines of congressional districts are redrawn, which can effectively sideline political opposition. In these lessons, you'll learn things like:
- The purpose of legislative bodies
- How Congress works
- How Congress has evolved since its establishment
- The legislative process
- Types of legislative tools
|The Powers & Functions of Legislatures||Define legislature; explain the purpose and authority of various legislatures.|
|What is Congress? - Definition, Powers & Structure||Define the American bicameral legislature. Explain the organization and purpose of the House of Representatives and the Senate. Describe the committee system and party leadership structure.|
|Reapportionment & Redistricting for Congressional Constituencies: Definition & Process||Explain the process of reapportionment and redistricting according to the requirements of the Constitution.|
|The Electoral Evolution of the Congress: History & Timeline||Describe how Congress has changed since its inception with regard to power, procedure and function.|
|How a Bill Becomes a Law: Formal Process||Explain the Congressional process by which a bill becomes a law.|
|Measurements of Congress' Effectiveness: Responsibilities & Achievements||Discuss representatives' and senators' responsibilities to their constituents; describe how Congressional member effectiveness is assessed.|
|Legislative Tactics||Discuss the ways in which legislators work to achieve their goals; describe caucuses, the committee system, filibuster, cloture, pork barrel legislation, riders, lobbying and legislative veto.|
1. The Powers & Functions of Legislatures
The following lesson will describe the common structure of most legislatures, as well as discuss their main powers and functions. A short quiz will follow the lesson to check your understanding.
2. What is Congress? - Definition, Powers & Structure
In this lesson, we will review what the United States Congress is. We will take a closer look at the makeup of Congress, what its powers are and what it represents.
3. The Electoral Evolution of the Congress: History & Timeline
In this lesson, we will learn about the electoral evolution of the Congress. We will take a closer look at the history behind Congress and the historical evolution of power, procedure and function.
4. How a Bill Becomes a Law: Formal Process
In this lesson, we will review the process of how a bill becomes a law. We will take a closer look at what steps have to be taken, how a bill is changed and how it is signed into law.
5. Measurements of Congress' Effectiveness: Responsibilities & Achievements
In this lesson, we will learn about the responsibilities that members of Congress have to their constituents and the ways in which their effectiveness overall is evaluated.
6. Legislative Tactics: From Caucuses to Vetoes
In this lesson, we will learn about several different types of legislative tactics. We will look at what these tactics are and how effective they can be.
7. Expressed Powers: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, we'll be looking at the expressed powers of the United States Congress. Learn what these powers are and examples of them, and then you'll be able to test your knowledge of them with a quiz.
8. Implied Powers of Congress: Definition & Examples
Congress' powers are listed in Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution, but what about the powers that aren't listed? The implied powers of Congress might be more important than its expressed powers, but they're harder to nail down and identify. In this lesson, we'll figure that out.
9. Delegated Powers: Definition & Examples
How do we know what the government can - and can't - do? The delegated powers of the federal government are those specifically described and assigned in the U.S. Constitution.
10. Reserved Powers: Definition & Examples
In a federal system with two levels of government, how do we know who can practice what sort of power? The reserved powers clause of the U.S. Constitution provides a handy mechanism for sorting out who can do what in a republic like America.
11. The Bureaucracy and Congress: Sources of Power & Influence
In this lesson, we will examine the relationship between the bureaucracy and Congress. We will focus especially on congressional powers to create, enable, and review the bureaucracy, as well as on the Iron Triangle and issue networks.
12. Filibuster: Definition, History, Rules & Examples
The filibuster is one of the main traditions of the United States Senate. In this lesson, we'll consider the rules behind filibusters, as well as some examples and arguments proponents and opponents of the filibuster usually make.
13. Simple Majority: Definition, System & Rule
In this lesson, we will learn about a simple majority. This concept will be defined in the context of the United States and compared to the concept of a supermajority.
14. 'Necessary & Proper' and Interstate Commerce Clauses
The United States Constitution includes several important provisions that empower the United States Congress to make particular laws. This lesson explores the necessary and proper clause and the commerce clause.
15. The War Powers Act of 1973: Definition & Summary
Who makes decisions about going to war - Congress, the President or both? The War Powers Resolution of 1973 was an attempt to clear up the question, but it only succeeded in making a gray area even more ambiguous. Learn about this chapter in history and the events that led up to it.
16. The Advice & Consent Clause in the U.S. Senate
This lesson discusses the advice and consent clause of the Constitution, which includes both the power to make treaties with other nations and to appoint certain public officials with the approval of the Senate.
17. Impeachment: Definition, Process & Requirements
The following lesson will cover impeachment, or the process by which the president, vice president or other civil officer can be removed from office. A short quiz will follow the lesson to check your understanding.
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Other chapters within the AP US Government and Politics: Exam Prep course
- AP US Government and Politics: Introduction to the Study of American Government
- AP US Government and Politics: Constitutional Democracy
- AP US Government and Politics: Federalism in the United States
- AP US Government and Politics: American Political Culture
- AP US Government and Politics: Political Parties
- AP US Government and Politics: Voting and Elections
- AP US Government and Politics: Interest Groups
- AP US Government and Politics: Mass Media
- AP US Government and Politics: The Executive Branch
- AP US Government and Politics: The Federal Bureaucracy
- AP US Government and Politics: The Federal Judicial System
- AP US Government and Politics: Civil Liberties
- AP US Government and Politics: Civil Rights
- AP US Government and Politics: Public, Social, and Environmental Policy
- AP US Government and Politics: Economic and Fiscal Policy
- AP US Government and Politics: Foreign and Defense Policy
- AP US Government & Politics Flashcards