About This Chapter
AP U.S. Government and Politics: The Legislative Branch - Chapter Summary
The legislative branch of government is the focus of these video lessons. Our experienced instructors guide you through the legislative process whereby a bill becomes a law as well as the expressed and implied powers of Congress. You'll also take a look at legislative tactics like caucuses and vetoes. By the time you've finished the chapter, you should be able to:
- Detail the powers of Congress and the sources of congressional influence
- Define a filibuster and outline rules of use
- Identify the role of Speaker of the House, President Pro Tempore and legislative committees
- Explain what constitutes a simple majority
- Examine the War Powers Act of 1973
- Understand the advice and consent clause in the Senate
- Summarize the impeachment process
- Examine treaties under Article II of the Constitution
1. What is Congress? - Definition, Powers & Structure
In this lesson, we will review what the United States Congress is. We will take a closer look at the makeup of Congress, what its powers are and what it represents.
2. Speaker of the House: Definition, Role & Duties
The Speaker of the House of Representatives is third in line for the presidency and the person most in control of the American legislative process. Learn more about this powerful position in government and then test your knowledge with a quiz.
3. President Pro Tempore: Definition, Role & Duties
If the vice-president is the president of the Senate, and his job is mainly breaking ties, what happens when he can't be around? That's when the president pro tempore steps in...and amazingly, he's a lot more important than just that.
4. How a Bill Becomes a Law: Formal Process
In this lesson, we will review the process of how a bill becomes a law. We will take a closer look at what steps have to be taken, how a bill is changed and how it is signed into law.
5. The Purpose of Legislative Committees
The following lesson will discuss the purpose that small groups, or committees, have in passing laws in a legislature. A short quiz will follow the lesson to check for your understanding.
6. Legislative Tactics: From Caucuses to Vetoes
In this lesson, we will learn about several different types of legislative tactics. We will look at what these tactics are and how effective they can be.
7. Expressed Powers: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, we'll be looking at the expressed powers of the United States Congress. Learn what these powers are and examples of them, and then you'll be able to test your knowledge of them with a quiz.
8. Implied Powers of Congress: Definition & Examples
Congress' powers are listed in Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution, but what about the powers that aren't listed? The implied powers of Congress might be more important than its expressed powers, but they're harder to nail down and identify. In this lesson, we'll figure that out.
9. The Bureaucracy and Congress: Sources of Power & Influence
In this lesson, we will examine the relationship between the bureaucracy and Congress. We will focus especially on congressional powers to create, enable, and review the bureaucracy, as well as on the Iron Triangle and issue networks.
10. Filibuster: Definition, History, Rules & Examples
The filibuster is one of the main traditions of the United States Senate. In this lesson, we'll consider the rules behind filibusters, as well as some examples and arguments proponents and opponents of the filibuster usually make.
11. Simple Majority: Definition, System & Rule
In this lesson, we will learn about a simple majority. This concept will be defined in the context of the United States and compared to the concept of a supermajority.
12. Treaties Under Article II of the U.S. Constitution
Treaties are an important part of international law. A treaty is a legally binding agreement made between two or more government entities. This lesson explains the difference between bilateral and multilateral treaties.
13. The War Powers Act of 1973: Definition & Summary
Who makes decisions about going to war - Congress, the President or both? The War Powers Resolution of 1973 was an attempt to clear up the question, but it only succeeded in making a gray area even more ambiguous. Learn about this chapter in history and the events that led up to it.
14. The Advice & Consent Clause in the U.S. Senate
This lesson discusses the advice and consent clause of the Constitution, which includes both the power to make treaties with other nations and to appoint certain public officials with the approval of the Senate.
15. Impeachment: Definition, Process & Requirements
The following lesson will cover impeachment, or the process by which the president, vice president or other civil officer can be removed from office. A short quiz will follow the lesson to check your understanding.
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Other chapters within the AP US Government and Politics: Exam Prep course
- AP US Government and Politics: Introduction to the Study of American Government
- AP US Government and Politics: Constitutional Democracy
- AP US Government and Politics: Federalism in the United States
- AP US Government and Politics: American Political Culture
- AP US Government and Politics: Political Parties
- AP US Government and Politics: Voting and Elections
- AP US Government and Politics: Interest Groups
- AP US Government and Politics: Mass Media
- AP US Government and Politics: The Executive Branch
- AP US Government and Politics: The Federal Bureaucracy
- AP US Government and Politics: The Federal Judicial System
- AP US Government and Politics: Civil Liberties
- AP US Government and Politics: Civil Rights
- AP US Government and Politics: Public, Social, and Environmental Policy
- AP US Government and Politics: Economic and Fiscal Policy
- AP US Government and Politics: Foreign and Defense Policy
- AP US Government & Politics Flashcards