About This Chapter
AP U.S. Government and Politics: Voting and Elections - Chapter Summary
Voting and elections are a key part of U.S. government and politics. In this chapter, learn more about how the process of elections and campaigning has changed over the years and find out the factors that influence elections. After watching these video lessons, you'll be able to do the following:
- Explain the costs and benefits of voting
- Understand the process of the electoral college
- Discuss campaign finance
- Examine the factors affect voter participation and how vote decisions are made
- Detail the process of nominating a presidential and congressional candidate
- Contrast the different types of elections, including primary, general and special elections
- Identify the forces that influence congressional elections
- Relate the advantages of incumbency in House and Senate elections
- Define the process of reapportionment and redistricting for congressional constituencies
- Compare presidential and congressional campaigns
- Explain partisanship in elections
1. Voting: Costs and Benefits
In a country as large as the United States, it's highly unlikely that one person's vote will decide the outcome of a presidential election. Does this mean the costs of voting outweigh the benefits? This lesson explores this question.
2. The Electoral College: Definition & Process
In the U.S., our presidential elections are decided using the Electoral College. The system is meant to balance election power between the federal and state governments. This lesson explains what the Electoral College is and how it works.
3. Types of Elections: Primary, General & Special
The process of electing a political candidate can involve several different types of elections. This lesson describes the different types of primary elections and explains both general and special elections.
4. Partisanship in U.S. Elections
Partisanship can create several different types of election results. This lesson explores partisan election results, including realigning elections, maintaining elections, deviating elections and reinstating elections.
5. Campaign Finance: Sources, Regulations & Reform
Modern presidential campaigns often last up to two years and involve extensive media operations. This means a successful campaign will be expensive. This lesson discusses campaign finance, including sources, regulations, and reform efforts.
6. What Factors Influence the Outcome of an Election?
In this lesson, we will learn about several important factors that influence the outcome of an election. We will look in-depth at these factors and why they are important in the outcome of an election.
7. Nominating a Presidential Candidate: The Process & Its Strengths & Weaknesses
The nomination process for United States president contains several different steps. This lesson outlines the modern nomination process for the offices of president and vice president and evaluates the strengths and weaknesses of the process.
8. Primary Election Versus General Election: Definition & Differences
In the United States, we use two different types of presidential elections. Both primary and general elections are used to determine a winning candidate. This lesson explains primary and general elections, including the differences between the two.
9. The Evolution of the Contemporary Presidential Election
Presidential elections have changed a great deal over time. These days, elections are well-publicized and hard-fought. This lesson takes a look at contemporary presidential elections and campaigns.
10. Factors that Influence Voters During Presidential Elections
Many factors influence voters during presidential elections. The voter's background, party identification and view of the government's past performance are some of the important influences. This lesson examines influences on voter behavior.
11. Party Nomination to Congress: Process to Become a Candidate
In this lesson, we will review the process to become a candidate for Congress. We will take a closer look at what the requirements are and what process is to be taken leading up to the election.
12. Incumbency in Contemporary House & Senate Elections: Definition & Advantages
In this lesson, we will review the importance of incumbency in congressional elections. We will take a closer look at the factors that make it an advantage and what they mean to the outcome of an election.
13. National Forces that Influence Congressional Elections
In this lesson, we will learn about the biggest national forces that influence congressional elections, taking a look at how they affect the election results and how the public is influenced by them.
14. Presidential vs. Congressional Campaigns: Similarities & Differences
In this lesson, we will review the difference between presidential and congressional campaigns. We will take a closer look at their differences and how they affect the campaign.
15. Reapportionment & Redistricting for Congressional Constituencies: Definition & Process
In this lesson, we will review the constitutional requirements for determining congressional districts. We will take a closer look at the process and effects of reapportionment and redistricting.
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Other chapters within the AP US Government and Politics: Exam Prep course
- AP US Government and Politics: Introduction to the Study of American Government
- AP US Government and Politics: Constitutional Democracy
- AP US Government and Politics: Federalism in the United States
- AP US Government and Politics: American Political Culture
- AP US Government and Politics: Political Parties
- AP US Government and Politics: Interest Groups
- AP US Government and Politics: Mass Media
- AP US Government and Politics: The Legislative Branch
- AP US Government and Politics: The Executive Branch
- AP US Government and Politics: The Federal Bureaucracy
- AP US Government and Politics: The Federal Judicial System
- AP US Government and Politics: Civil Liberties
- AP US Government and Politics: Civil Rights
- AP US Government and Politics: Public, Social, and Environmental Policy
- AP US Government and Politics: Economic and Fiscal Policy
- AP US Government and Politics: Foreign and Defense Policy
- AP US Government & Politics Flashcards